Important of Plant viruses and TMV virus

Important of Plant viruses and TMV virus

Hamid kheyrodin

Assistant professor semnan university- Iran

American Journal of Agricultural Research

This Viruses cause many diseases of international importance. Amongst the human viruses, smallpox, polio, influenza, hepatitis, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-AIDS), measles and the SARS coronavirus are particularly well known. While antibiotics can be very effective against diseases caused by bacteria, these treatments are ineffective against viruses and most control measures rely on vaccines (antibodies raised against some component of the virus) or relief of the symptoms to encourage the body’s own defense system.
Viruses also cause many important plant diseases and are responsible for huge losses in crop production and quality in all parts of the world. Infected plants may show a range of symptoms depending on the disease but often there is leaf yellowing (either of the whole leaf or in a pattern of stripes or blotches), leaf distortion (e.g. curling) and/or other growth distortions. TMV was the first virus to be discovered over a century ago and was the first virus ever purified. It has since yielded fascinating insights into how viruses infect their hosts. Research on TMV has also led to major Nobel prize winning discoveries on general principles of life. TMV can also survive outside the plant in sap that has dried on tools and other surfaces. If a TMV plant is handled and then you open a door with that hand, you have now put TMV on the door handle. The next person to open the door can pick up the TMV and spread it to any plant that they touch.

Keywords: Viruses, control, plants, TMV virus

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How to cite this article:
Hamid kheyrodin. Important of Plant viruses and TMV virus. American Journal of Agricultural Research, 2018,3:25.

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