Research Article of American Journal of Agricultural Research
Demographic Profiling of Dogs and Dog Ownership in Nsukka Metropolis of Enugu State, Nigeria: a Case study using the Free Anti-Rabies Vaccination Campaign conducted at the Veterinary Teaching Hospital of the University of Nigeria, Nsukka: January-April, 2015
Goodhead C. Uchendu1, John I. Ihedioha1, Kolade A. Oluwatosin1
1Veterinary Teaching Hospital, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Enugu State Nigeria.
This Dog ownership in Nigeria, patterns a combination of supervised and stray dogs. The latter constituting Public health challenges. This study relates ecology; dynamics of dog breeds, ownership, management; adherence/non-adherence to extant laws on dog ownership with Rabies endemicity in Nsukka. It proffers recommendations for sustainable Rabies control & vaccination campaign
Nsukka is endemic for Rabies. Statutory control and prevention strategies do not suffice. Understanding the human-dog-interactions as core risk factors for endemicity of Rabies and breaking this link can lead to a Rabies free environment.
Abbreviations: FAO: Food and Agricultural Organisation; DFID: Department for International Development; PME: Planning Monitoring and Evaluation, WHO: World Health Organisation
Keywords: Demography, Dog, Dog Owners, Rabies, Anti Rabies Vaccination, Zoonosis
How to cite this article:
Goodhead C. Uchendu, John I. Ihedioha, Kolade A. Oluwatosin.Demographic Profiling of Dogs and Dog Ownership in Nsukka Metropolis of Enugu State, Nigeria: a Case study using the Free Anti-Rabies Vaccination Campaign conducted at the Veterinary Teaching Hospital of the University of Nigeria, Nsukka: January-April, 2015. American Journal of Agricultural Research, 2018,3:21.
1. Anthea, M., Hopkins, J., Charles, W. M., Johnson, S., Warner, M. Q., Lattart, D. and Wright, J. O. (1993). Human Biology and Health. Eaglewood Cliffs, New Jersey, USA: Practice Hall. Pp132-144 available online at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/centralnervoussystem.html
2. Cotran, R. S., Kumar, V. Fausto, N., et. al., (2005) In: Robbins and Cotran, R. S. (editors), Pathologic Basis of Disease (7th Ed.) St. Louis: Elsiever/ Saunders. Pp.1375. ISBN 0-7216-0187.1. Available online at http://en.wikipedia.org/Rabies
3. Drew, W. I., (2004). Rabies. In Ryan, K. J., Ray, C. G. (editors). Sherris Medical Microbiology, 4th ed., McGraw Hill. Pp597-600. ISBN 0-8385-8520-9. Available online at http://en.wikipedia.org/Rabies
4. Durr S, Naissenger S. Mindekem R. (2008). Rabies: diagnosis for developing countries. PLOS Neglected Tropical diseases, 2 (3): e206. Doi: 101371/journal.pntd.0000206. PMC2268742. PMID18265035.
5. Kienzle, T. E (2007). Deadly Disease and Epidemics-Rabies. InfoBase Publishing Chelsea House Publishers
6. NBS (National Bureau of Statistics), Nigeria (2012). Economic performance review April/July 2011. Federal Republic of Nigeria, Abuja, Nigeria
7. Rasitorahina, M., Rasambainarivo, J. H., Raharimanana, S., Rakotonanadrasana, H., Andriamiarisoa, M. P., Rakalomanana, F. A., and Richard, V., Dog ecology and demography in Antananarivo, 2007. BMC Veterinary Research 2009, 5:21doi10.1168/1746-6148-5-21. Available Online at http://www.biomedicentral.com/1746-6148-5-21. Retrieved on February 4, 2016
8. Uchendu, G. C., Daniel-Igwe, G., Eze. C. A., (2012) A case of Rabies in a 5 Month Old Male Dog presented at the University of Nigeria Veterinary Teaching Hospital, Nsukka, Nigeria. Journal of Veterinary and Applied Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Nigeria, Nsukka. Vol. 2 (1) 41-44.
9. Voice of America (2009). New Rabies Vaccine Shows: Promise for Prevention, Treatment. Voice of America. 2009-07-08. Available at http://www.voanews.com/english/archive/2009-07/2009-07-08.oa62.cfm? Retrieved 2011-03-27.
CDC (Centers for Disease Control) (2009). Rabies: Post-Exposure Prophylaxis. CDC. 2009-12-23. http://www.cdc.gov/rabies/exposure/postexposure.html. Retrieved 2010-01-30
10. World Health Organization: Guidelines for dog rabies control WHO document VPH/83.43: Rev.1. World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland; 1987.
11. WHO (World Health Organization) (2010) Rabies. Available at http://www.whoint./medicentre/factsheet/fs099/en/
12. Headey B: Pet ownership: good for health? Medical Journal Of Australia 2003, 179(9):460-461.
13. McNicholas J, Gilbey A, Rennie A, Ahmedzai S, Dono JA, Ormerod E: Pet ownership and human health: a brief review of evidence and issues. BMJ 2005, 331(7527):1252-1254.
14. Friedmann E: The role of pets in enhancing human well-being: physiological effects. In The Waltham Book of Human-Animal Interaction: Benefits and Responsibilities of Pet Ownership Edited by: Robinson I. Oxford , Elsevier Science Ltd; 1995:33-53.
15. Katcher AH, Friedmann E: Potential health value of pet ownership. California Veterinarian 1982, 36:9-13.
16. Katcher AH: Interactions between people and their pets: form and function. In Interrelations between people and pets Edited by: Fogle B. Springfield , Charles C. Thomas; 1981:41-67.
17. Heady B, Grabka M, Kelley J, Reddy P, Tseng Y: Pet ownership is good for your health and saves public expenditure too: Australian and German longitudinal evidence. Australian Social Monitor 2002, 4:93-99.
18. Friedmann E, Katcher AH, Lynch JJ, Thomas SA: Animal companions and one-year survival of patients after discharge from a coronary-care unit. Public Health Rep 1980, 95(4):307-312.
19. Endenburg N, Baarda B: The role of pets in enhancing human well-being: effects on child development. In The Waltham Book of Human-Animal Interaction: Benefits and Responsibilities of Pet Ownership Edited by: Robinson I. Oxford , Elsevier Science Ltd; 1995:7-17.
20. Burch MR, Bustad LK, Duncan SL, Frederickson M, Tebay J: The role of pets in therapeutic programs. In The Waltham Book of Human- Animal Interaction: Benefits and Responsibilities of Pet Ownership Edited by: Robinson I. Oxford , Elsevier Science Ltd; 1995:55-69.
21. Greene CE, Levy JK: Immunocompromised people and shared human and animal infections: zoonoses, sapronoses and anthroponoses. In Infectious Diseases of the Dog and Cat Third edition. Edited by: Greene CE. St. Louis, Missouri , Saunders Elsevier; 2006:1051-1068.