Crop Productivity of Wheat under Different Tillage Systems in Semi-Arid Conditions of Sudan


Crop Productivity of Wheat under Different Tillage Systems in Semi-Arid Conditions of Sudan


Sir Elkhatim K. Abbouda1, Adam Bush Adam2*, Mohamed Abdel Mahmoud Elsheikh3 and Zuhier Yassien Mohamed2

1Department of Agricultural Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Khartoum, Sudan;
2Department of Agricultural Engineering, Faculty of Natural Resources and Environmental Studies, University of Peace, Sudan;
3Department of Agricultural Engineering, Faculty of Agricultural Technology and Fish Science, University of Al-Neelain, Sudan


American Journal of Agricultural Research

This study was conducted at Tamboul Testing and Training Centre, Sudan located at 150km south east of Khartoum during two different seasons (1995 -1996) to investigate the response of wheat productivity to different tillage systems on a heavy clay soil in an area of 2.4ha. The treatments were deferent tillage systems (Zero tillage, ridging, shallow harrowing, heavy harrowing, disc ploughing, disc ploughing+harrowing, split ridging and ridging thrice). These treatments were arranged in randomized complete block design (RCBD) with four replications. A computer program (SAS statistical package) was used to analyze the data while the variations among the means were checked by the least significant difference (LSD).The parameters tested were soil physical properties, crop water requirements (mm/day), plant height (cm), No. of tillering and crop productivity (kg/ha). The results indicated that, tillage systems significantly (P ≤ 0.05) affected clearly soil physical properties. Disc ploughing+harrowing decreased the bulk density (1.3g/cm3) as compared to zero tillage system (1.5g/cm3). Plant height, tillering and yield significantly (P ≤ 0.05) affected by the different tillage systems. Disc ploughing+harrowing gave the highest mean values of plant height (65.83cm), tillering (246) and crop productivity (1305kg/ha) as compared to zero tillage which ranked the least (43.26cm, 202 and 806.8kg/ha, respectively). It is concluded that for increasing the productivity of wheat crop, Disc ploughing+harrowing should be followed and adopted as one of the most important technical packages.


Keywords: Tillage Systems; Physical Properties; Wheat Yield

Free Full-text PDF


How to cite this article:
Sir Elkhatim K. Abbouda, Adam Bush Adam, Mohamed Abdel Mahmoud Elsheikh and Zuhier Yassien Mohamed. Crop Productivity of Wheat under Different Tillage Systems in Semi-Arid Conditions of Sudan. American Journal of Agricultural Research, 2018,3:17. DOI:10.28933/ajar-2017-12-2601


References:

1 Adam, H.S. (2014). Agroclimatology, Crop Water Requirement and Water Management. Water Management and Irrigation Institute, University of Gezira Book. 2nd Edition. University of Gezira Press.
2 Copec, K.; Filipovic, D.; Husnjak, S.; Kovacev, I. and Kosutic, S. (2015). Effects of tillage systems on soil water content and yield in maize and winter wheat production, Plant, Soil and Environment, 61(5) (2015), 213–219.
3 Farah, S.M. (1995). Water Relations and Water Requirements of Wheat. Pages 125-147, In: Wheat Production and Improvement in the Sudan. O.A. Ageeb; A.B. El Ahmadi; M.B. Solh and M.C. Saxena (eds.), ARC – Sudan, ICARDA Syria, and DGIS-The Netherlands.
4 Fernandez-Garcia, P.; Lopez-Bellido, G. and Munoz-Romero, V. (2013). Chickpea water use efficiency as affected by tillage in rainfed Mediterranean conditions. Agricultural Water Management, 129:194–199.
5 Guirgius, A.E.; Aboukarima, A.M.; Elmarazky, M.S. and Egela, M.I.(2015). Sunflower crop response to furrow irrigation inflow rate and tillage system. Misr J. Agric. Eng., 25(1): 38-57.
6 Jalota, S.K.; Arora, V.K. and Singh, O. (2006). Development and evaluation of a soil water evaporation model to assess the effects of soil texture, tillage and crop residue management under field conditions, Soil Use and Management, 16:194–199.
7 Johnson, J.R. (1945). An accurate method for determining volume of soil clod. J. of soil sciences 59:449-453.
8 Mert, A.; Ismail, C. and Hikmet, G. (2017). Effects of long-term tillage systems on soil water content and wheat yield under mediterranean conditions. Journal of New Theory, 17:98-108.
9 Michael, A.M. (1978). Irrigation theory and practices. VIKAS Publishing House. LTD Newdelhe.
10 Ministry of Finance and National Economy (1996) .The economic overview, Sudan Government, Khartoum.
11 Mohamed, A.E.; Bush, A.A. and Mohamed, Z.Y. (2017). Effect of Irrigation Quantities and Tillage Systems on Sunflower Yield under Khartoum State Conditions, Sudan. International Research Journal of Agricultural Science and Soil Science. Vol. 7(1) Pp. 001-007.
12 Smith, M.G; Allan, J.L; Monteith, A; Perrier, L. and A. Sergen (1998). Report of the Expert Consultation on Procedures for Revision of FAO Guidelines for prediction of Crop Water Requirement UN FAO, Rome, Italy, Pp 56.