Crop Productivity of Wheat under Different Tillage Systems in Semi-Arid Conditions of Sudan

Crop Productivity of Wheat under Different Tillage Systems in Semi-Arid Conditions of Sudan

Sir Elkhatim K. Abbouda1, Adam Bush Adam2*, Mohamed Abdel Mahmoud Elsheikh3 and Zuhier Yassien Mohamed2

1Department of Agricultural Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Khartoum, Sudan;
2Department of Agricultural Engineering, Faculty of Natural Resources and Environmental Studies, University of Peace, Sudan;
3Department of Agricultural Engineering, Faculty of Agricultural Technology and Fish Science, University of Al-Neelain, Sudan

American Journal of Agricultural Research

This study was conducted at Tamboul Testing and Training Centre, Sudan located at 150km south east of Khartoum during two different seasons (1995 -1996) to investigate the response of wheat productivity to different tillage systems on a heavy clay soil in an area of 2.4ha. The treatments were deferent tillage systems (Zero tillage, ridging, shallow harrowing, heavy harrowing, disc ploughing, disc ploughing+harrowing, split ridging and ridging thrice). These treatments were arranged in randomized complete block design (RCBD) with four replications. A computer program (SAS statistical package) was used to analyze the data while the variations among the means were checked by the least significant difference (LSD).The parameters tested were soil physical properties, crop water requirements (mm/day), plant height (cm), No. of tillering and crop productivity (kg/ha). The results indicated that, tillage systems significantly (P ≤ 0.05) affected clearly soil physical properties. Disc ploughing+harrowing decreased the bulk density (1.3g/cm3) as compared to zero tillage system (1.5g/cm3). Plant height, tillering and yield significantly (P ≤ 0.05) affected by the different tillage systems. Disc ploughing+harrowing gave the highest mean values of plant height (65.83cm), tillering (246) and crop productivity (1305kg/ha) as compared to zero tillage which ranked the least (43.26cm, 202 and 806.8kg/ha, respectively). It is concluded that for increasing the productivity of wheat crop, Disc ploughing+harrowing should be followed and adopted as one of the most important technical packages.

Keywords: Tillage Systems; Physical Properties; Wheat Yield

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How to cite this article:
Sir Elkhatim K. Abbouda, Adam Bush Adam, Mohamed Abdel Mahmoud Elsheikh and Zuhier Yassien Mohamed. Crop Productivity of Wheat under Different Tillage Systems in Semi-Arid Conditions of Sudan. American Journal of Agricultural Research, 2018,3:17. DOI:10.28933/ajar-2017-12-2601


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