Field performance of Solid Manures and their Slurries on Growth, Yield and Quality of Potato in Old Brahmaputra Floodplain Soils


Field performance of Solid Manures and their Slurries on Growth, Yield and Quality of Potato in Old Brahmaputra Floodplain Soils


Sultana Bilkis1.2, Md. Rafiqul Islam1*, M. Jahiruddin1, M. Mazibur Rahman1, Hasina Afroz1

1Department of Soil Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, Bangladesh
2Sylhet Agricultural University, Sylhet 3100, Bangladesh


American Journal of Agricultural Research

Continuous use of chemical fertilizers declines crop yield and deteriorates soil fertility. For sustenance of crop productivity and soil fertility integration of chemical fertilizers with manures is a timely approach. An experiment was, therefore, conducted to evaluate the field performances of different types of manure including cowdung (CD), cowdung slurry (CD slurry), trichocompost (TC), vermicompost (VC), poultry manure (PM) and poultry manure slurry (PM slurry) with integrated use of chemical fertilizers during 2011-12 and 2012-13 at Bangladesh Agricultural University farm. The field trials comprised eight treatments which included T1: Control (no manure or fertilizer), T2: High yield goal (HYG) based 100% chemical fertilizers (CF), T3: CD + CF (IPNS basis), T4: CD slurry + CF (IPNS basis), T5: PM + CF (IPNS basis), T6: PM slurry + CF (IPNS basis), T7: TC + CF (IPNS basis) and T8: VC + CF (IPNS basis). Cowdung, CD slurry, TC and VC were added to soil at 5 t ha-1 while PM and PM slurry were applied at 3 t ha-1. The results revealed that TC and VC containing treatments produced higher crop yield and next to them PM slurry and CD slurry performed better in respect of potato yield. Integrated use of manure and fertilizers gave on an average 6.7-33.7% yield increase in potato over sole chemical fertilizers treatment. The lowest yield was observed in control. These results show that Trichocompost and vermicompost in combination with chemical fertilizers are suitable for quality potato production.


Keywords: Cowdung, Poultry manure, Trichocompost, Vermicompost, Slurry, Potato yield.

Free Full-text PDF


How to cite this article:

Sultana Bilkis, Md. Rafiqul Islam, M. Jahiruddin, M. Mazibur Rahman and Hasina Afroz. Field performance of Solid Manures and their Slurries on Growth, Yield and Quality of Potato in Old Brahmaputra Floodplain Soils. American Journal of Agricultural Research, 2018,3:23. DOI:10.28933/ajar-2018-08-1901


References:

1. Adeleye EO, Ayeni LS, Ojeniyi SO. 2010. Effect of poultry manure on soil physico-chemical properties, leaf nutrients content and yield of yam (Discorea rotundata) on Alfisol in South Western Nigeria. J. Am. Sci. 6(10): 871-878.
2. Ali MM, Saheed SM, Kubota D. 1997a. Soil degradation during the period 1967-1995 in Bangladesh. I. Carbon and nitrogen. Soil Sci. Plant Nutri. 43(4): 863-878.
3. BBS (Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics). 2013. The Year Book of Agricultural Statistics of Bangladesh. Stat. Div. Minis. Planning, Govt. Peoples Repub. Bangladesh, Dhaka.
4. Brady NC, Weil RC. The Nature and Properties of Soils. 2012. 14th Edn (Revised). Published by Dorling Kin Dersley (India) Pvt. Ltd., Licensees of Pearson Education in Asia, India.2012; pp. 513-517.
5. FRG (Fertilizer Recommendation Guide). 2012. Bangladesh Agricultural Research Council (BARC), Dhaka, Bangladesh.
6. Ghuman BS, Sur HS. 2006. Effect of manuring on soil properties and yield of rain fed wheat. J. Indian Soc. Soil Sci. 54(1): 6-11.
7. Gomez KA and Gomez AA. 1984. Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research, John Wiley and Sons, New York. 202-215.
8. Heitkamp F, Raupp J, Ludwig B. 2011. Soil organic matter pools and crop yields as affected by the rate of farmyard manure and use of biodynamic preparations in a sandy soil. Org. Agric. 1: 111-124.
9. Hossain MA, Miah MAM. 2012. Post-harvest losses and technical efficiency of potato storage systems in Bangladesh. Available at:http//w.w.w. nfpcsp.org/agridrupal / sites/ default /files/Ayub-final_Report_CF2.pdf (Accessed 15 May 2012).
10. Islam MS. 2008. Soil fertility history, present status and future scenario in Bangladesh. Bangladesh Journal of Agriculture and Environment (Special issue). 4:129 -152.
11. Islam MZ, Zamam MM, Hossain MM, Hossain A. 2009. Integrated nutrient management with liming for potato production in North-West region of Bangladesh. Annual Report 2008-2009, Tuber Crops Research Centre, Bangladesh Agricultural Res Inst, Gazipur, Bangladesh.
12. Jeptoo A, Aguyoh JN, Saidi M. 2013. Improving Carrot Yield and Quality through the Use of Bio-Slurry Manure. Sust. Agric. Res. 2(1): 164-172.
13. Kumar M, Baishaya LK, Ghosh DC, Gupta VK, Dubey SK, Das A, Patel DP . 2012. Productivity and soil health of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) field as influenced by organic manures, inorganic fertilizers and biofertilizers under high altitudes of Eastern Himalayas. J. Agric. Sci. 4(5): 223-234.
14. Premsekhar M, Rajashree V. 2009. Influence Organic Manures on Growth, Yield and Quality of Okra. American-Eurasian J. Sust. Agri. 3(1): 6-8
15. Rahman SME, Islam MA, Rahman MM, Oh DH. 2008. Effect of cattle slurry on growth, biomass yield and chemical composition of maize fodder. Asian-Austr. J. Am. Sci. 21: 1592-1598.
16. Rijpma J, Jahiruddin M. 2004. Strategy and Plan for use of soil nutrient balance in Bangladesh. Final Report of Short-term Assignment. SFFP/DANIDA.