Research Article of American Journal of Clinical Research and Reviews
Pains and Challenges of Widowhood in Adamawa State, Nigeria
J. D. Kamatikibiu
Primary Health Care Authority, Gombi Local Government Area, Adamawa State, Nigeria
The main objective of the study was to investigate the pains and challenges of widowhood in Adamawa State, Nigeria. The data was collected through the use of questionnaires and oral interviews. Data generated were analyzed using descriptive statistics. The results show that, majority of widows in Adamawa State are still young and sexually active with high reproductive tendencies that are within the age brackets of 20-30 (46.3%). Margi tribe had the majority (22.7%) widows who are mostly Christians (49.3%) with tertiary educational level of 31% and entrepreneurship of 37.3%. It was gathered that, 36.0% of widows had their marriage lives full of joy and happiness with high future expectations before the death of their husbands. The results also show that, 56.0% of the widows suffer greatly in processing the benefits of their deceased husbands. The findings show different levels of maltreatment experienced by widows across the state. It has been established that, at the initial stage of widowhood, most widows go to the cold shell of their homes to fight loneliness. Thus, the study would be of immense benefit to widows who are in need of practicable opportunity to reduce their pains and challenges. This is imperative, because the age-long cultural conception of marital expectations now seems inadequate for present day widows who have to grapple with new and multiple roles of breadwinning, physical protection, custodian of societal morality as well as caring, feeding and educating their children (most times all alone). The findings would be useful to the government, scholars, policy makers and opinion leaders in matters related to widows. Above all, professional counselors could benefit from the study in playing their roles as crisis managers and providers of relief materials to widows. On the basis of this awareness, counselors would be adequately equipped to counsel the widows, their in-laws, their relatives and significant others in the life of widows on the pains and challenges of widowhood. Public policy on poverty alleviation must seek to address the concerns of widows as a special vulnerable group. One way of doing this is to raise awareness about the plight of widows and the fact that many more women at very young ages are becoming widows with many children to cater for with slim chances for a place in the marriage market. The state working in collaboration with women groups and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) should evolve training programs to equip widows with skills in entrepreneurship so as to improve their economic status.
Keywords: Pains, Challenges, Widowhood, Adamawa, Nigeria
How to cite this article:
Kamatikibiu. Pains and Challenges of Widowhood in Adamawa State, Nigeria. American Journal of Clinical Research and Reviews, 2017,1:2.
1 Abdusalam, H.A. (1995). Women and single parent syndrome: the Shariah perspective. Journal of Arabic and Religious Studies, 4(1) 45-47.
2 Abolarin, E.F. (1997). A cross-ethnic comparision of support networks in and Counselling University of Ilorin, Ilorin.422-431
3 Adebayo, A. A. (1999). Climate, Sunshine, Temperature, Relative Humidity and Rainfall. Journal of Applied Sciences and Management,1, 69 -72.
4 Adebayo, A. A., & Tukur, A. L. (1997). Adamawa State in Maps, pp. 8 – 45.
5 Afigbo, R. (1989). “ African women: A study of the Igbo of Nigeria”, London; Faber and Faber. 132-166.
6 Agunwa,T. V. C.(2011). Bad widowhood practices in Nigeria: its adverse effects on widows on widows. Journal of research and development, 3(1) 145-149.
7 Areola, O. O. (1983). Soil and Vegetational Resources. In J. S. Ogunn, O. O. Areola and M. Filani (Ed). Geography of Nigerian Development. Heinemann Ibadan, p. 342.
8 ASMLS (2010a). Map of Nigeria Showing all States. Adamawa State Ministry of Land and Survey, Yola, Nigeria.
9 ASMLS (2010b). Map of Adamawa State of Nigeria Showing all Local Government Areas. Adamawa State Ministry of Land and Survey, Yola, Nigeria.
10 Asward, B. (1967). Old Wives takes: Life stories of African Women, New York: schoken Books.127-142.
11 FAO (1996). World Development Report Paper No. 2. Food and Agricultural Organization, Rome, Italy.
12 Gbenda, B. (1997). The double standard-widow good. The Counsellor, 15(1), 173-179.
13 Herman, J; Froom, J., & Galambos, N (1993). Marital status and timing of Coronary artery surgery. Medical Hypotheses, 41(5), 459-61.
14 INEC (1996). Independent National Electoral Commission of Federal Republic of Nigeria
15 Kitson, G.C. & Zyganki, S.O. (1987). Grief in widowhood and divorce. Journal of Psychiatric Clinic, North America, 20(3), 369-386.
16 Kroll, J.; Habenitcht, M.; Machenizie, T.; Yank, M.; Chan, S.; Vang, T.; Nguyen, T.; Ly, M.; Phommasonvah, B.; Nguyen, H. et. al.(1989). Depression and post-psychiatric 146(12); 152-157.
17 McGloshen, T.H. & O’Byrant, S.L. (1988). The psychological well being of older, recent widows, Journal of Women-quarterly. 12(1), 99-116.
18 Mohammed, K. (1999). Historical background. In A. A. Adebayo and A. L. Tukur (Ed) Adamawa State in Maps.
19 NPC (1990). National Population Commission Exercise of Federal Republic of Nigeria.
20 Olusakin, A.M. (1998). Gender inequality and the status of widows in Nigeria: Implications for counselling. Journal of Research in Counselling Psychology. 4(1), 99-105.
21 Oniye, A.O. (1995) meaning and scope of Research. In A. Y. Abdulkareem (Ed.) Introduction to research methods in education. Ibadan\: Agbo-Area Publishers. 146-148.
22 Thomas, L.E.; Digulio, R.C. and Schechan, W.N. (1985). Identity loss and psychological crisis in widowhood. A re-evaluation. International Journal of Ageing and Human development, 26(3), 255-239.
23 Wiebe, K. (1987). Alone through widowhood and beyond: A search for Joy. London: Kindred press. 432-455.