Research article of American Journal of Educational Research and Reviews
Composition Style Of Modern Turkish Composer Cemal Reşit Rey
Assistant Professor Dr., Gaziosmanpaşa University Education Faculty, The Department of Music Education, Tokat/ Turkey
Having been one of the first generation composers in the history of Turkish Republic, Cemal Reşit Rey (1904- 1985) is an important artist who served much as a pianist, conductor and educator. He helped the advance of Turkish composition through his works. Therefore, Cemal Reşit Rey and his works are worth to be examined.
With this study, it was aimed to bring a new perspective on the works and composition style of Cemal Reşit Rey. When the compositions of Rey were examined, four different periods were observed in terms of style and composition technic: 1st period (1912-1926) was “tonal formation and development in creation”; 2nd period (1926–1930) was “ethno-folkloric formation and development in creation”; 3rd period (1931–1946) was “modal-mystic formation and development in creation”; and 4th period (1946–1983) was “back to tonality and mixed practices in creation”. He composed a total of 85 known pieces which demonstrated different style, pattern, form and musical characteristics. Most of his works were symphony, symphonic poem, suite, rhapsody and concerto.
Keywords: Turkish composer, composing style, Cemal Reşit Rey