Social Justice and Social Justice Leadership: Perspectives of Women and Disables in one of Public Universities in Ethiopia


Social Justice and Social Justice Leadership: Perspectives of Women and Disables in one of Public Universities in Ethiopia


Matebe Tafere Gedifew, Fentahun Mengistu Bitew, and Girma Shimelis Muluneh

School of Education, Adeyemi College of Education, Ondo State


American journal of educational research and reviewsThis qualitative research was aimed at exploring prevailing scenarios related to social justice and social justice leadership as perceived by women and disables in selected public university of Ethiopia. Interpretive phenomenological research method was employed. Ten research participants, including women and people with disabilities, were selected using purposive sampling technique. Data were also collected using semi-structured interviews and focus-group discussions, and analyzed qualitatively using narrations. Accordingly, the research result indicated that participants were not so strange for the concepts related to social justice and social justice leadership albeit their understanding differs. Participants pointed out that community perception towards women and disable people are not so fair and progressive, and tailored policies and strategies are not made available and being implemented in the study context. It was also indicated that different forms of sexual harassments, discomfited classroom buildings, toilets, shower rooms, dining rooms, and distances between classrooms and dormitories were enumerated as major inconveniences and reflection of injustices encountering women and people with disabilities in the study context. On top of this, unjust practices in areas of staff recruitment and promotion in the study context were major challenges identified in this research result. Hence, it is high time for the study context to realize and look critically those discriminatory practices resulting in a lot of injustices among members; and take actions pertinent to national and international agreements and legal frameworks and thereby, ensure social justices in its compound.


Keywords: Disability, Social Justice, Social Justice Leadership

Free Full-text PDF


How to cite this article:
Matebe Tafere Gedifew, Fentahun Mengistu Bitew, and Girma Shimelis Muluneh. Social Justice and Social Justice Leadership: Perspectives of Women and Disables in one of Public Universities in Ethiopia. American Journal of Educational Research and Reviews, 2017,2:8.


References:

1 Alemu, B. & Asnake, M. (2007). Women’s empowerment in Ethiopia: New solutions to ancient problems. Pathfinder International Ethiopia. Retrieved from: www.pathfind.org.
2 Bailey, K. D. (1994). Methods of social research. (4th ed.). New York: The Free Press.
3 Bates, R. (2007). Educational administration and social justice. Education, citizenship and social justice, 1(2), 141-156.
4 Brown, K. (2008). Preparing future leaders for social justice, equity, and excellence: Bridging theory and practice through a transformative andragogy. USA: Christopher-Gordon Publishers, Inc.
5 Bogdan, R. & Biklen, S. (2003). Qualitative research for education: An introduction to theories and methods (4th ed.). New York: Pearson Education.
6 Creswell, J. W. (2013). Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among the five approaches. (3rd.ed). London: SAGE Publications.
7 Cribb, A. and Gewirtz, S. (2003). Towards sociology of just practices: An analysis of plural conceptions of justice in C. Vincent (Eds.), Social Justice, Education and Identity, London: Routledge Falmer.
8 COLEMAN, M. (2003). Gender and the orthodoxies of leadership. School Leadership & Management, 23 (3), 325–339.
9 Coninck, J., Culp, J. & Taylor, V. (2013). African perspectives on social justice. Uganda: Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung.
10 Denzin, N. & Lincoln, Y. (2005). The sage handbook of qualitative research. (3rd ed.). Sage, Thousand Oak, CA: SAGE Publications
11 FDRE (Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia) (1995). The Constitution of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia Proclamation No. 1/1995. Addis Ababa: Federal Negarit Gazette.
12 FDRE (Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia) (2009). Higher Education Proclamation No. 650/2009. Addis Ababa: Federal Negarit Gazette.
13 Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs (MOLSA), (2010). Baseline study on the status of persons with disabilities and the influence of the African decade pronouncement in Ethiopia: Policies & Program Implementation.
14 Freire, P. (1972). Pedagogy of the oppressed. Harmondsworth: Penguin.
15 Gale, T. (2000). Rethinking social justice in schools: How will we recognize it when we see it? International Journal of Inclusive Education, 4(3), 253-269.
16 Gale, T. & Densmore, K. (2000). Just schooling: Exploration in the cultural politics of teaching. Birmingham, UK: Open University Press.
17 Hammersley, M. (n.d.). An outline of methodological approaches. Retrieved from: www.tlrp.org/capacity/rm/wt/hammersley/hammersley4.html
18 JICA (2002). Country profile on disability: Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia. Japan International Cooperation Agency Planning and Evaluation Department. Retrieved from: www.worldbank.org
19 Lynch, K. and Baker, J. (2005). Equality in education: An equality of condition perspective. Theory and Research in Education. SAGE Publications.
20 Mackenzie, N. & Knipe, S. (2006). Research dilemmas: Paradigms, methods and methodology. Issues in Educational Research, 16(2), 193-205. Retrieved from: www.iier.org.au/iier16/mackenzie.html
21 Marshall, C. & Rosman, B. (20 06). Designing qualitative research. (4th ed.). Sage, Thousand Oak.
22 Molla, T. (2013). Higher education policy reform in Ethiopia: The representation of the problem of gender inequality. Higher Education Policy. Retrieved from: www.palgrave-journals.com/hep/
23 Moule, J. (2005). Implementing a social justice perspective in teacher education: Invisible burden for faculty of color. Teacher Education Quarterly, pp. 23-40.
24 Odhiambo, G. (2011). Women and higher education leadership in Kenya: A critical analysis. Journal of Higher Education Policy and Management, 33, 667–678.
25 Saeeda J. & Shah, A. (2010). Rethinking educational leadership: exploring the impact of cultural and belief systems. International Journal of Leadership in Education, 13(1), 27-44.
26 SantamarIa & SantamarIa, P. (2011). Applied critical leadership: Choosing change. New York and London. Routledge Taylor & Francis Group.
27 Scherlen, A. and Robinson, M. (2008). Open access to criminal justice scholarship: A matter of social justice. Journal of Criminal Justice Education, 19(1), 54-74.
28 Shields, C. (2004). Dialogic leadership for social justice: Overcoming pathologies of silence. Educational Administration Quarterly, 40(1), 109-132.
29 Sturman, A. (1997). Social Justice in Education. The Australian Council of Educational Research. Melbourne: vol. 40.
30 Tsegay, T. (2013). Some Ethiopian women leaders’ perceptions about their leadership. Advancing women in leadership. Retrieved from: www.advancingwomen.com/awl/awl_wordpress/
31 Theoharis, G. (2004). Toward a theory of social justice leadership: Paper presented at the University of Council of Educational Administration, UCEA Conference Proceedings, Thompson, D. & Crompton, F. (eds.), Kansas City, OM
32 UNICEF (2009). Ethiopia Disability Programme: Factsheet. Retrieved from: www.unicef.org/ethiopia/ET_Disability_fact_sheet_Nov_06.pdf,