Computer self-efficacy and attitudes toward internet usage among library and information science postgraduate students in two library schools in Nigeria

Computer self-efficacy and attitudes toward internet usage among library and information science postgraduate students in two library schools in Nigeria

Olalekan Abraham Adekunjo1 and Stanley Omondiale Unuabor. (CLN)2

1Faculty of the Social Sciences Library, University Of Ibadan; 2Lbrary Department, National Institute Of Construction Technology Library, Uromi, Edo State, Nigeria

American journal of educational research and reviews

In integrating computers in higher education, researchers have proposed that positive attitudes toward computers and high computer self-efficacy levels could be important factors in helping students learn computer skills and use computers. It is also expected that LIS Postgraduate students should be knowledgeable and comfortable with electronic resource usage. It is against these backgrounds that this study was conducted. Suvey research design was adopted, the population was Library and Information Science postgraduate students in two selected library schools in Nigeria. The instrument used for data collection was the questionnaire, two hundred and thirty nine (239) copiesof questionnaire were administered, two hundred and seven (207) were sucessfully retrieved and found to be useable, representing 86.6% response rate. Data analysis was done using descriptive and inferencial statistics. Results showed that in spite of the potentials emerging technologies offers in Library Schools globally, in Nigeria, there is not very evidential that Library Schools are integrating ICTs into their instructions. It was found that among the two library schools studied, there were no operational/functional computer laboratory with internet facilities, access by students were restricted due to limited space as at the time of this study, this go a long way to show that LIS postgraduate students depend solely on their PCs with modem as alternative internet connector or commercial cyber café as the last resort. The above confirmed that there was no computer laboratory with functional internet facilities for postgraduate students as the time of this study. Recommendations for the study include that drastic measures should be taken by LIS educators/administrators to provide computers with functional internet facilities to LIS postgraduate students in their various schools to eliminate any barrier confronting them in order to enhance efficiency and quality of teaching, learning and research services. It was also recommended that other researchers should study more library schools in Nigeria on ICT integration and usage.

Keywords: Computer Self-Efficacy, Attitudes, Internet Usage, LIS, ICT and Library Schools.

Free Full-text PDF

How to cite this article:
Olalekan Abraham Adekunjoand Stanley Omondiale Unuabor. (CLN). Computer self-efficacy and attitudes toward internet usage among library and information science postgraduate students in two library schools in Nigeria. American Journal of Educational Research and Reviews, 2018,3:24.. DOI: 10.28933/ajerr-2018-05-0302


1. Aderibigbe, N.A. and Emmanuel, S.O. (2012). Use of library information technology resource by graduate students of university of Agriculture, Abeokuta. Library Philosophy and practice. Retrieved April 4.2016, from
2. Akporido, C.E. (2005). Internet use in a Nigeria suburban setting. The Electronic Library, 23(3) 302-310.
3. Ates, A. (2010). Self-efficacy beliefs, achievement motivation and genders related to education software development. Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education. TOJDE 12(3)
4. Awoleye, O.M, Siyanbola, W.O & Oladapo, O.F. (2008). Adoption assessment of internet usage amongst undergraduates in Nigeria universities; a case study approach. Journal of Technology Management and Innovation 3(1) 84-89.
5. Bimber, B. 2000. Measuring the gender gap on the internet. Social Science Quarterly 81(3) 868-876.
6. Butzin, S.M. (2000). Using instructional technology in transformed learning environments; an evaluation of project child. Journal of Research in Educational Computing Education, 33(4), 367-384.
7. Embi, R. (2007). Computer anxiety and computer self-efficacy among accounting educators at university technology Mara (UITM), Malaysia. Dissertation submitted to the faculty of the Virginia polytechnic institute and state university.
8. Enochsson, A. (2005). A gender perspective on Internet use; consequences for information seeking on the net. Information Research, 10(4) Paper 237. Retrieved Feb 12. 2013, from
9. Erfanmanesh, M. Abrizah, A. &Abdulkarim, N.H (2012). Development and validation of the information seeking anxiety scale. Maleujsian. Journal of Library and Information Science 17 (1)22-39.
10. Kadijevich, D. (2000). Gender differences in computer altitude among ninth-grade students. Journal of Educational Computing Research, 22 (2), 145-154
11. Khan, S.A, Khan, A.A and Bhatti, R. (2011). Internet access, use and gratification among university students; a case study of Islamia University of Behawalpur, Pakistan. Chinese Librarianship an International Electronic Journal, 32. Retrieved Feb. 4. 2016, from
12. Kumar, & Kaur .A. (2006). Internet use by teachers and student in engineering colleges of Punjab, Haryana, and Himacha Pradesh State of India; an analysis. Electronic Journal of Academic and Special Librarianship 7(1). Retrieved Feb. 4. 2013. from http://southernlibrrianship.icaap.oralcontent.v07n01/Kumar_r01.htm
13. Lawson, K.G. 2005. Using electronic digital resources to enhance instructional methods for adult OCLC system and services. International Digital Library Perspective. 21(1). Retrieved April 3. 2013, from
14. Martin, F., Tutty, J. and Su, Y. 2010. Influence of learning management systems self- efficacy on e-learning performance. i-managers Journals on School Education Technology 5 (3) 26-35.
15. Okello-Obura, C and Ikoja-Odongo, J.R. (2010). Electronic information seeking among LIS Postgraduate students at Makerere University Uganda. Library Philosophy and Practice. Retrieved April 3. 2013, from
16. Okello-Obura, C and Magara, E. 2008. Electronic Information access and utilization by Makerer Uganda. Evidence Based Library and Information practice 3(3). Retrieved April 3. (2014), From
17. Ortactepe, d. 2006. The relationship between teacher efficacy and professional development within the scope of in-service teacher’s education program. Dissertation submitted to the Institute of Social Science, Bogazigi University of Turkey.
18. Ozeomelem, O.A. (2009). Use of electronic resources by Postgraduate students of the department of library and information science of Delta State University Abraka Nigeria. Library Philosophy and Practice. Retrieved Feb. 13, 2013, from http//www.digitalcommon.uni.ed./liphilprac./301.
19. Quadri, G.O. (2012). Impact of ICT skills on the use of E-Resources by information professionals: a review of related intertwine. Library Philosophy and Practice. Retrieved Feb 2.2016. fromhttp://www.un/
20. Reisser, R.A. (2001). A history of instructional design and technology part 1: A history of instructional media. Educational Technology and Research Development, 49(1), 53-64.
21. Sam, H.K., Othman, A.E.A, and Nordin, Z.S. (2005). Computer self-efficacy, computer anxiety and attitudes towards the internet: a study among undergraduates in Unims. Education Technology and Society, 8(4) 2005-219. Retrieved Feb.13,2013, fromhttp://www.ifets/journals/84/19/pdf
22. Shahin, Y.G., Bailta, S.& Ercan, T. (2010). The use of internet resources by university students during their course project. A case study. The Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology, 9(2) 234-244.
23. Shaw, L.H. & Gant, L.M (2002). Users divided? Exploring the gender gap in Internet use. Cyber Psychology & Behaviour 5(6) 517-527
24. Shumacher, P., & Morahan_ Mastin, J. ( 2011). Gender, internet and computer attitudes and experience computers in Human Behaviour, 17(1), 95-110.
25. Teo, T. (2009). Examining the relationship between student teacher’s self-efficacy beliefs and their intended use of technology for teaching; a structural equation modelling approach: The Turkish online Journal of Education Technology.
26. Well, J.G. (2000). Walls effects on an online computer communication courses, prior computer experience and internet knowledge, and learning style on student’s internet attitude computer-mediated technologies and new education challenges. Journal of Industrial Teacher Education 37(3) 22-53.