Review Article of American Journal of Marine Research and Reviews
Eco-friendly Aquaculture for Sustainable Fish Production in Nigeria
1Irimiah Abeya Ezhim and 2Vincent C. Asogwa
1Department of Agricultural Education, University of Nigeria Nsukka, Enugu State, Nigeria
2Department of Agricultural and Home Science Education, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Abia State, Nigeria
The ever-increasing population and hence higher demand for fish and other aquatic organisms for human consumption and exports have accorded greater priority to the aquaculture subsector. Therefore, there was need to conduct research to unveil facts relating to practices adopted by farmers in rearing fish and other aquatic organisms. This study emphasized concepts and importance of aquaculture, some common breeds of fish cultured, systems of aquaculture practices and methods of rearing fish and other aquatic organisms. The study also discussed eco-friendly aquaculture practices ensure sustainable fish production. The study further discussed the benefits of adopted eco-friendly aquaculture practices and constraints encountered by aqua-culturists. The study recommended among others that government should ensure proper training of extension workers who would in turn educate fish farmers on eco-friendly practices. The study also recommended that for expansion of aqua-cultural enterprises, government should provide more funds and liberalize land acquisition procedures to avail more land. Finally, the study recommended that requisite guidelines and regulations should be enforced to ensure that only practices that are sustainable and eco-friendly be adopted in the production of fish and allied products.
Keywords: aquaculture, eco-friendly, fish production, sustainable
How to cite this article:
Irimiah Abeya Ezhim and Vincent C. Asogwa.ECO-FRIENDLY AQUACULTURE FOR SUSTAINABLE FISH PRODUCTION IN NIGERIA. American Journal of Marine Research and Reviews, 2018; 1:7.
1. Allsopp, P. J. & Santillo, D. (2008). Challenging the aquaculture industry on sustainability. UK. University of Exeter. Aavailable at www.greenpeace.org
2. Amao, J. O., Oluwatayo, I. B., & Osuntope, F. K. (2006). Economics of fish demands in
3. Are, L. A., Igbokwe, E. M., Asadu, C. L. A., & Bawa, G. S. (2010). Comprehensive certificate agricultural science for secondary schools. Ibadan, Nigeria. University Press plc
4. Ayinla, O. A. (2003). Integrated aquaculture: A veritable tool for poverty alleviation/hunger eradication in Niger Delta region of Nigeria: 41-49.
5. Ayoola, S. O. (2010). Ibadan, Nigeria: Glamourbooks Publishing
6. Brown, T. J., Agbulu, O. N. & Amonjenu, A. (2017). Approaches for enhancing sustainable fish production among farmers in Bayelsa state, Nigeria. Journal of Fisheries & Livestock Production 5 (3), 1-6
7. Daramola, A., Igbokwe, E. M., Mosuro, G. A., & Abdullahi, J. A. (2008). Agricultural Science for WASSCE and SSCE. Ibadan: University Press Plc.
8. Egbule, P. E. (2004). Fundamentals and Practice of Agricultural Education. Owerri: Totan Publishers Limited
9. FAO (2007). The state of world fisheries and aquaculture 2006. Fisheries and Aquaculture Department. Rome, Italy. FAO.
10. Food and Agricultural Organization (2003). Rome: FAO Press Ltd
11. Greenpeace International (2018). Sustainable aquaculture. Available at www.greenpeace.org/
12. Guerrero, R. D. (2000). Eco-friendly fish management and production of safe aquaculture foods in Philippines. Philippine Council of Aquatic and Marine Research & Development, 1-18
13. Jones, N. (2018) Feb. 5, 2014. Sustainable aquaculture brief. The World Bank. Available at www.world bank.org/en/topic/environment/brief/sustainable-aquaculture Lagos state, Nigeria 19: 25-30
14. Lehoczky, I. (2009). Integrated approach for a sustainable and health freshwater aquaculture. Sustain aqua.
15. Merriam, W. (2018). Eco-friendly. Merriam-webster unabridged dictionary Incorporated. Available at unabridged.merriam-webster.com/info/about-thee-unabridged.html
16. Metzer, R & Garcia, S. M. (2005). World inventory of fisheries, conditions for sustainable development. Issues fact sheet. In FAO fisheries and aquaculture department. Rome. Available at http://www.fao. org/fishery/topic/13297/en
17. Naylor, R. and Burke, M. (2005). Aquaculture and ocean resources: raising tigers of the sea. Annu. Rev. Environ. Resour. 30: 185–218.
18. Onemolease, E. A. & Oriakhi, H. O. (2011). Prospects and constraints of artisanal fishing in selected communities in Delta state, Nigeria. Advances in applied science research 2 (6), 55-61
19. Ronnback, P. (2002). Environmentally sustainable shrimp aquaculture. Swedish society for nature conservation
20. Worldwide Aquaculture (n.d). Aquapod Marine Containment System (Aquapod System). www.worldwideaquaculture.com