Evaluation of clinical anesthetic effect after tramadol hydrochloride addition to xylazine-ketamine total injectable general anesthesia in cats undergoing scrotal castration


Evaluation of clinical anesthetic effect after tramadol hydrochloride addition to xylazine-ketamine total injectable general anesthesia in cats undergoing scrotal castration


Mohamed Wefky El-Sherif

Department of surgery, anesthesiology and radiology, Faculty of veterinary medicine, Assiut University, New valley, Egypt


International Journal of Animal Research

Twenty adult male Egyptian local breed cats were divided into two equal groups and anesthetized using two different Ketamine based protocols. The first group received a mixture of Xylazine and Ketamine (XK) in a single syringe administered intramuscular. The other group received Xylazine-Ketamine-Tramadol mixture (XKT) in the same syringe. Non-significant variations in physiological parameters, induction, anesthesia or recovery periods were detected. Post-operative sedation and analgesia significantly increased in the XKT group. Seizures like convulsions were noticed during induction and recovery in XKT group. Anesthesia and recovery periods were slightly prolonged in the same group than in XK group. In conclusion, addition of tramadol in a dose of 2mg/kg to Xylazine-Ketamine combination didn’t depress the cardiopulmonary functions hence didn’t require further addition of anticholinergic premedication, produced better sedation and post-operative analgesia and slightly prolong the anesthesia duration.


Keywords: anesthesia, cat, ketamine, tramadol, xylazine

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How to cite this article:

Mohamed Wefky El-Sherif. Evaluation of clinical anesthetic effect after tramadol hydrochloride addition to xylazine-ketamine total injectable general anesthesia in cats undergoing scrotal castration. International Journal of Animal Research, 2018; 2:21. DOI:10.28933/ijar-2018-08-0101


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