An Assessment of Knowledge and Evaluation of Risk on Developing Type II Diabetes Mellitus- a Prospective Study


An Assessment of Knowledge and Evaluation of Risk on Developing Type II Diabetes Mellitus- a Prospective Study


Ms. ANCY PAUL*a, Ms. ANJU PAULa, Ms. SONA BENNYa, Mrs. DEEPTHI. C. DENNYb, Mrs. LINCY GEORGEc, Dr. K. KRISHNAKUMARd, Dr. L. Panayappane

a (Pharm. D), Department of Pharmacy Practice, St. James College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Chalakudy, b M.Pharm, Assistant Professor, Department of Pharmacy Practice, St. James College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Chalakudy, c M.Pharm, (Ph.D), Assistant Professor, Department of Pharmacy Practice, St.James College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Chalakudy, d M.Pharm, Ph.D, Principal, St. James College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Chalakudy, eM.Pharm, Ph.D, Head of Department of Pharmacy Practice.


International Journal of Hospital Pharmacy

Background:

As per WHO definition Diabetes is a chronic disease that occurs either when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or when the body cannot effectively use the insulin it produces. Recent study estimates that there were 171 million people in the world with diabetes in the year 2000 and this is projected to increase to 366 million by 2030. WHO projects that diabetes will be the 7th leading cause of death in 2030.

Aim:

To identify and improve the level of knowledge in type II Diabetes and to evaluate risk of developing type II DM among non-diabetics attending tertiary care hospital.

Methods:

A qualitative observational interview based method was conducted out in a 450 bedded tertiary care hospital for a period of 6 months. Patient data was collected through structured form and evaluated using standard validated scales DKQ – 24 item questionnaire form and Type II Diabetes Risk Assessment form. All patients admitted with Type II DM with/ without co-morbidities in the age range of 18-70years will be selected. The patients with increased risk of developing Type II DM will also be evaluated. The patients who are not interested to participate in study or due to serious illness or impairment are excluded.

Results:

150 patients enrolled for study of both having diabetic and non-diabetics. They were also carried out the post survey for assessment diabetic knowledge after patient counseling. Patient counseling along with leaflets were provided to patients with poor knowledge. Patient improved from (SD +/-8.63) average pre-score of knowledge to post-score (SD +/-2.505) with P<0.05. Risk was estimated and found to slightly elevated risk in majority of respondents.

Conclusion:

In conclusion this study revealed the need for pharmacist intervention in improving knowledge about Type II Diabetes Mellitus and risk assessment of developing diabetes mellitus. Also statistical significant difference was observed between pre and post survey.


Keywords: Diabetes Mellitus, World Health Organization, Diabetes Knowledge Questionnaire, Standard Deviation.


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