Proximate Analysis and Phytochemeical Screening on Root of Cnidoscolus carumbium

Proximate Analysis and Phytochemeical Screening on Root of Cnidoscolus carumbium

*Neji, P. A1, Ushie O. A2, Alobi, N. O3, Neji, H. A4 and Etim, A. N5

1,3& 5Dept of Chemical Sciences, Cross River University of Technology, Calabar Nigeria
2Dept of Chemical Sciences, Federal University, Wukari Nigeria
4Dept of Science Education, University of Calabar, Nigeria

Journal of Pharmaceutical Research and Reviews

The root of Cnidoscolus carumbium was soaked in water for 48 hours and filtered. The residue was oven dried at 800C for 4hrs. Further extraction process was done on the residue by soxhlet extraction method using different organic solvent mixtures of 500cm3 of hexane, acetone and methanol in the ratio 3:1:1 mixture. Proximate analysis for roots revealed Moisture content (19.1%), Fiber (17.7%), Crude protein (2.2%), Ash (15.5%), crude fat (1.0%), and carbohydrate (44.5%), indicating high nutritional value. The result for the extraction shows the presence of phytochemicals such as saponin, alkaloid, steroid flavonoid, phenol, tannin, cardiac glycosides, terpenoid and phlobatanin due to the solvent mixture possessing wide polarity thereby enabling the extraction of all the phytochemicals.

Keywords: Proximate Analysis, Phytochemeical Screening, Root, Cnidoscolus carumbium

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How to cite this article:
Neji, P. A, Ushie O. A, Alobi, N. O, Neji, H. A and Etim, A. N. Proximate Analysis and Phytochemeical Screening on Root of Cnidoscolus carumbium. Journal of Pharmaceutical Research and Reviews, 2018; 2:14.


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