Research Article of Journal of Theoretical and Applied Economics
Determinants of Mobile Phone Demand Among Residents of Central Region of Eritrea
1Fitsum Ghebregiorgis and 2Habteab Tekie Mhreteab
1Department of Business Management and Marketing College of Business and Economics
2Department of Economics College of Business and Economics
(All authors contribted equally. Arrangement of names is a matter of alphapetical order)
The study endeavors to investigate the determinants of mobile phone usage (adoption) using data from Central Region in Eritrea. Data were collected by distributing questionnaire to a sample of 450 individuals selected at random using the accidental technique. A close ended questionnaire was used and the questionnaire captured individual characteristics and views on the use of mobile phone. The questionnaire was administered over a period of twelve weeks. Many and very significant conclusions are derived from this research. It has been found that the majority of respondents use the mobile phone; the main reason for having a mobile is because they want to have it; the most important reason for having a mobile phone is to easily communicate with friends or relatives; the main purpose of using mobile phone sets always are making local calls. It is also interesting to note that some respondents never used their mobile for sending text messages; perhaps this is related with the illiteracy rate in the country. The findings show that certain variables such as gender and income are important predicators of mobile usage in Eritrea. The empirical results show that age and educational level were not significant in explaining variations among mobile users.
Keywords: Ownership, Mobile usage, Eritrea
How to cite this article:
Fitsum Ghebregiorgis and Habteab Tekie Mehreteab. DETERMINANTS OF MOBILE PHONE DEMAND AMONG RESIDENTS OF CENTRAL REGION OF ERITREA. Journal of Theoretical and Applied Economics, 2017; 1:2. DOI:10.28933/jtae-2017-10-2802
1 Ahmed, I. and Qazi, F.T.(2011) “Mobile Phone Adoption and Consumption Patterns of University Students in Pakistan” International Journal of Business and Social Sciences. Vol 2,No.9,pp. 205-213.
2 Bimber, B., (2000), Measuring the Gender Gap on the Internet.Social Science Quarterly, 81(3), 868-876.
3 Comer, J. and Wikle, T. (2011), Worldwide Diffusion of Cellular Telephone, 1995-2005. The Professional Geographer. 60 (2), 252-269.
4 Coneus, K., Schleife, K. (2010), “Online But Still Divided – Inequality in Private Internet Use in Developing Countries” in Africa: The Economic Impact of Mobile Phones. Vodafone Policy Divide”, Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Vol. 78, pp. 729–735.
5 Donner, J. (2008), Research Approaches to Mobile Use in the Developing World: A Review of the Literature. The Information Society: An International Journal. 24 (3), 140-159.
6 Duncombe R, Kintu R and Nakangu B, (2006). E-Commerce for Small Enterprise Development A Handbook for Entrepreneurs in Developing Countries.
7 Economic Perspectives, Vol. 24, N°3, pp 207-232.Economic Statistics 17:188–194.Experiences”, Computers in Human Behavior, Vol. 17, N°1, pp. 95–110.
8 Garbacz, C., and Thompson, H. G., Jr. (2007). Demand for telecommunication services in developing countries. Telecommunications Policy 31 (2007) 276–289.
9 Gefen, D. and Straub, D. (1997). Gender difference in the perception and use of e-mail: an extension to the technology acceptance model. MIS Quarterly, 21, 389– 400.
10 Germany”, ZentrumfürEuropäischeWirtschaftsforshungGmbh (ZEW), Discussion Paper
11 GOOLSBEE., A. and ZITTRAIN, J., (1999). Evaluating the Costs and Benefits of Taxing Internet Commerce.National Tax Journal, 52, 413-428.
12 Grameen Bank (2011) Village phones, http://www.grameeninfo. org/index.php?option=com_contentandtask=viewandid=681andItemid=676.
13 Grameen Technology Center, 2005, \Village phone replication manual,” Grameen Foundation USA, http://www.itu.int/ITU-D/ict/material/Telecom09_flyer.pdf accessed May 17, 2011.
14 http://www.millenniumvillages.org/progress/ accessed May 17, 2011International Journal of Industrial Organization, Vol. 24, pp. 203-225.
15 International Telecommunications Union (2009),the world in 2009: ICT facts and figures,
16 International Telecommunications Union,ITU 2013.“World Telecommunications Indicators Database” International Telecommunications Union. Geneva.
17 James, J. (2011), “Sharing Mobile Phones in Developing Countries: Implications for the Digital, Journal of Economic Issues, Vol. XLIV, N°3, pp. 568-594.
18 Liu, M. C., San, G. (2006), “Social Learning and Digital Divides: a Case Study of Internet mediation effects of partial defection in the Korean mobile telecommunications service industry.” Telecommunications Policy 30:552–568.
19 Millennium Villages Project (2010) Achieving the goals: progress to date,
20 Muto, M. and Yamano, T. (2009) The Impact of Mobile Phone Coverage Expansion on Market N°10-042, Available at ftp://ftp.zew.de/pub/zew-docs/dp/dp10042.pdf Paper Series, Number 3.Participation: Panel Data Evidence from Uganda. World Development 37(12), pp. 1887-96.
21 Pénard, T., Poussing, N. (2010), “Internet Use and Social Capital: The Strength of Virtual Ties”,
22 Piccoli, G., Ahmed, R. and Ives, B. (2001). Web based virtual learning environments: a research framework and a preliminary assessment of effectiveness in basic IT skills training. MIS Quarterly, 25, 401–426.
23 Schumacher, P., Morahan-Martin, J. (2001), “Gender, Internet and Computer Attitudes and SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1619847 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1619847 Technology Diffusion”, Kyklos, Vol. 59, N°2, pp. 307–321.
24 Venkatesh V, Morris MG (2000). Why don’t men ever stop to ask for directions? Gender, social influence and their role in technology acceptance and usage behavior.MIS Quarterly, 24, 1, 115-139.
25 Vikas and Nath (2000) “The Global Information and Information Technology” Report 2001 – 2002, InfoDev. World Bank. Vol. 56, N°3, pp. 341-360.
26 Ward, M.R. (2010), “Learning to Surf: Spillovers in the Adoption of the Internet”, Available at Waverman, L., Meschi, M., Fuss, M. (2005), “The Impact of Telecoms on Economic Growth in Developing Countries” in Africa: The Economic Impact of Mobile Phones. Vodafone Policy Paper Series, Number 3.