Diabetes and arterial hypertension resorts of treatments and plants used for their treatments in three phytogeographic areas of Cameroon


Diabetes and arterial hypertension resorts of treatments and plants used for their treatments in three phytogeographic areas of Cameroon


Tsabang Nole*1, Tsambang Djeufack Wilfried Lionel2, Ndikum Valentine Nchafor3, Tsambang Fokou Stheve Cedrix4 and Donfack Delphine5 International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine

1- Institute of Medical Researches and Studies of Medicinal Plants-Yaounde, Cameroon.
2- High Institute of Medical Technology, Yaounde, Cameroon.
3- University of Yaounde 1, Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Yaounde, Cameroun
4- Fine arts Institute, Foumban, Department of Architecture, University of Dschang, Cameroon
5- University of Yaounde 1, Faculty of Specialized Education, Cameroon


There are three principal resorts of diseases’ treatment in Africa that include the mixed traditional and conventional medicine, the pure traditional medicine and the pure conventional medicine. The objective of this study was to determine the importance of resorts of treatment for selecting efficacious medicinal plants used for the management of diabetes and/or arterial hypertension in Cameroon. The resorts of diabetes and/or arterial hypertension treatment preferred by 1131 Cameroonians, selected in 58 socio-cultural groups and plants used were evaluated. This sample of interviewees was distributed as follow: 293 in coastal dense humid rain forests (phytogeographic area 1), 577 in continental dense humid rain forests (phytogeographic area 2) and 561 in Guinean and Soudano-Zambesian savannahs (Phytogeographic area 3). The combination of traditional and conventional medicine was the most favorable therapeutic resort of diabetes and/or arterial hypertension treatment (58,89%), following by pure traditional medicine (38,72 %) and pure conventional medicine (2,39%). These main resorts present manifold variances in many social groups including. The more important variances include Self herbal medication and consultation of traditional healers (21,75%); self herbal medication and consultation of medical doctors (33,08%); traditional healers, self herbal medication and consultation of medical doctors (22,64%). The percentages in brackets correspond to the proportion of interviewees recorded. The interviewees who preferred traditional medicine know more available and efficacious medicinal plants. Therefore with their aid 33 plants which relieve the health condition of some diabetic and/or hypertensive suspected or indirect and confirmed patients were recorded. The most important of these plants that include Azadirachta indica, Momordica charantia, Phyllanthus amarus, Phyllanthus niruri, Laportea ovalifolia, Ceiba pentandra, Allium cepa, Persea americana and Catharanthus roseus relieve the followed up diabetic with hypertension patients. These plants revealed interesting for the potential management of diabetes and hypertension. Meanwhile the recorded plants needed to be detailed investigated for their chemical and pharmacological properties necessary for drugs discovery.


Keywords: Diabetes and arterial hypertension, preferred resorts of their treatment, usual plants, indigenous people, Cameroo

Free Full-text PDF


How to cite this article:
Tsabang Nole, Tsambang Djeufack Wilfried Lionel, Ndikum Valentine Nchafor, Tsambang Fokou Stheve Cedrix and Donfack Delphine. Diabetes and arterial hypertension resorts of treatments and plants used for their treatments in three phytogeographic areas of Cameroon. International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine 2017, 2:14. DOI:10.28933/nole-ijtcm-201604


References:
1. Barrett B. and Kiefer D. (1996). Ethnomedical, Biological and Clinical support for medicinal Plant Use on Nicaragual’s Atlantic Coast. Journal of Herbs, Spices and Medicinal Plants, 4 (3): 77-108.
2. Bep O B. (1986), Medicinal plants in Tropical West-Africa, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, New-York, new – Romelbourne, Sedneychelle, 375 p.
3. Berhaut J. (1975). Flore illustrée du Sénégal, Dicotylédones, Ficoidées à Mimosacées. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural et de l’Hydraulique. Direction des eaux et forêts Dakar, Tome 4 : 575 p.
4. Kerharo J et Adam G., (1974). La pharmacopée Sénégalaise traditionnelle. Plantes médicinales et toxiques. Editions Vigot frère, Paris, 1011 p.
5. Lokondo Mozouloua Dieudonné (2004) Traitement traditionnels de 150 maladies à base de plantes. Pharm. Méd. Trad. Afr. Vol.13, pp.III-116
6. Niyonzima G., Scarpé S., Van Beeck L., Vlietinck A. J.,. Laekeman G. M and. Metz T (1993), Hypoglycaemic activity of Spathodea campanulata stem bark decoction in mice. Phytotherapy research, Vol.7, pp. 64-67
7. Paris R. and MOYSE H. (1971), Précis de matières médicales, collection de précis de pharmacie, Pharmacognosie spéciale, dicotylédone (suite) gamopétales, Masson et Cie, Editeurs Paris Vie, Tome 3, 509 p.
8. Pousset J. L., (1989). Plantes Médicinales Africaines. Utilisation pratique. TOME I. Ellipses,
9. Edition Marketing, Paris, 170 p.
10. Priya Shetty (2010) Place de la médecine traditionnelle dans le système de santé: Faits et chiffres. Sc Dev Net Rapprocher la science et le développement
11. Regroupement québécois des maladies orphelines. Pour un meilleur accès aux traitements pour les maladies rares. Une question d’équité. Fiche technique en préparation du dîner-causerie sur l’accès aux traitements pour les maladies rares, 21 février 2014. http://www.rqmo.org/PDF/Document_preparatoire_diner-conference_21_fevrier.pd
12. UN Economic and Social Council (2009) Potential of traditional medicine should be fostered, Economic and Social Council President tells panel on attaining Millennium Development Goals in public health.
13. Tsabang, N. Yedjou, C. Tsambang Djeufack, W .L Tiabo Tchinda A., Donfagsiteli Tchinda, N. Agbor Agbor G., Tchounwou P. B. and Nkongmeneck A. B. (2015a), Treatment of diabetes and/or hypertension using medicinal plants in Cameroon, Medicinal & Aromatic Journal 5 p.
14. Tsabang Nole, WL Tsambang Djeufack, Armel Nouboudem Tedjou, Alain Bernard Dongmo, Somwa Denis Gabriel Agbor Agbor and Aloys Bernard Nkongmeneck (2015b). Ethnopharmacological surveys’ methodologies for medicinal plants uses discovery and environmental threatens on recorded plants from indigenous knowledge in Cameroon. Global Journal of Medicinal Plants Research 12-22 p.
15. Tsabang, N. (2008). Etude ethnobotanique des plantes à vertus antidiabetiques et/et antihypertensives au Cameroun. Thèse de Doctorat/PhD. Université de Yaoundé I 318 p.
16. WHO, (2007) Country Cooperation Strategy 2006–2011, India: Supplement on traditional medicine WHO Country Office for India, New Delhi