Research Article of International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
Diabetes and arterial hypertension resorts of treatments and plants used for their treatments in three phytogeographic areas of Cameroon
Tsabang Nole*1, Tsambang Djeufack Wilfried Lionel2, Ndikum Valentine Nchafor3, Tsambang Fokou Stheve Cedrix4 and Donfack Delphine5
1- Institute of Medical Researches and Studies of Medicinal Plants-Yaounde, Cameroon.
2- High Institute of Medical Technology, Yaounde, Cameroon.
3- University of Yaounde 1, Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Yaounde, Cameroun
4- Fine arts Institute, Foumban, Department of Architecture, University of Dschang, Cameroon
5- University of Yaounde 1, Faculty of Specialized Education, Cameroon
There are three principal resorts of diseases’ treatment in Africa that include the mixed traditional and conventional medicine, the pure traditional medicine and the pure conventional medicine. The objective of this study was to determine the importance of resorts of treatment for selecting efficacious medicinal plants used for the management of diabetes and/or arterial hypertension in Cameroon. The resorts of diabetes and/or arterial hypertension treatment preferred by 1131 Cameroonians, selected in 58 socio-cultural groups and plants used were evaluated. This sample of interviewees was distributed as follow: 293 in coastal dense humid rain forests (phytogeographic area 1), 577 in continental dense humid rain forests (phytogeographic area 2) and 561 in Guinean and Soudano-Zambesian savannahs (Phytogeographic area 3). The combination of traditional and conventional medicine was the most favorable therapeutic resort of diabetes and/or arterial hypertension treatment (58,89%), following by pure traditional medicine (38,72 %) and pure conventional medicine (2,39%). These main resorts present manifold variances in many social groups including. The more important variances include Self herbal medication and consultation of traditional healers (21,75%); self herbal medication and consultation of medical doctors (33,08%); traditional healers, self herbal medication and consultation of medical doctors (22,64%). The percentages in brackets correspond to the proportion of interviewees recorded. The interviewees who preferred traditional medicine know more available and efficacious medicinal plants. Therefore with their aid 33 plants which relieve the health condition of some diabetic and/or hypertensive suspected or indirect and confirmed patients were recorded. The most important of these plants that include Azadirachta indica, Momordica charantia, Phyllanthus amarus, Phyllanthus niruri, Laportea ovalifolia, Ceiba pentandra, Allium cepa, Persea americana and Catharanthus roseus relieve the followed up diabetic with hypertension patients. These plants revealed interesting for the potential management of diabetes and hypertension. Meanwhile the recorded plants needed to be detailed investigated for their chemical and pharmacological properties necessary for drugs discovery.
Keywords: Diabetes and arterial hypertension, preferred resorts of their treatment, usual plants, indigenous people, Cameroo