Research Article of Research Journal of Pharmacology and Pharmacy
Phytochemical and nutritional evaluation of aqueous and ethyl acetate leaf extracts of alchornea cordifolia
1Ebenyi L. N and 2Uraku, A.J
1Department of Biotechnology, Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki.
2Department of Biochemistry, Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki.
Background: Alchornea cordifolia is a strangling shrub or small evergreen plant used by traditional healers to treat different ailments.
Materials and Methods: The evaluation of phytochemical and nutritional contents of aqueous and ethylacetate leaf extracts of Alchornea cordifolia were performed using standard methods.
Results: The results of the phytochemical analysis revealed that both extracts of the plant contained verse amounts of the phytochemiacls in the order of alkaloids> tannins> flavonoids> saponins> phenols>cyanogenic glycosides while the proximate compositions were in the order of moisture> carbohydrates> protein> ash> lipids> crude fibre. Vitamins A, B1, B2, B3, B6, C, E and K were found present in comparable proportions while minerals Ca, K, Fe, Mg, Mn, Cu, Na, Se and Zn were found in the extracts in varying degrees.
Conclusions: The prosperous chemical compositions of A. cordifolia leaf extracts might justify its use in the prevention and treatment of diverse ailments.
Keywords: Alchornea cordifolia, phytochemicals, proximates, vitamins, minerals and diseases