Article of Research Journal of Pharmacology and Pharmacy
The importance of the administration in nursing for professional practice
BARBOSA, K.P.M1; OLIVEIRA, I.E.M1; NASCIMENTO ALMEIDA, D.B.N1; SANTOS, G.M.R1; MELO, R.C.L1; JOSUEIDA CARVALHO SOUSA, J.C1
Federal University of Pernambuco1
The health work environment requires more competence of the professionals, because it involves technical and scientific knowledge, skills and theoretical foundations to make a decision. Where it was acquired from contact with individuals with the environment that results in exchange of theoretical knowledge, practices that add quality and professional institution1. For this, the National Curricular Guidelines included in the curriculum components of health courses disciplines that meet this requirement, they are: health care, making decisions, communication, leadership, administration and management and continuing education (CNE / CES 3/2001). The integration of these components allows approach of professionals with the Health Unic System reality, allowing the organization and qualification of services. In relation to nursing management, planning is a key part because, from it, develop the actions needed to achieve the proposed objective. However, it is a topic that has a low approach, and found limitations in its implementation, preventing the student’s knowledge during their academic period3. To report the experience of nursing students in of Organization Health Systems discipline at different levels of complexity as its importance for professional practice. This study is a kind experience about report on the experience of students from the nursing program at the Federal University of Pernambuco in Health Systems Organizations discipline in different complexity levels, which is part of the curriculum of the sixth period undergraduate of this course. Among the main points addressed in the discipline, knowledge of academics is critical to the understanding of what is the health administration, its function in the hospital field, and the importance it has for nursing care. Where were discussed issues relevant to quality management, such as planning, leadership and management capabilities. The planning is essential to the practice of management in nursing. Since it includes both assistance as the resources to carry them out, then run up the actions for a quality service. In addition to planning the administration of care, nurses are also responsible for leading, managing physical resources, human and material, making it necessary to learn skills, knowledge and attitudes appropriate to the performance of their duties, it is required a trained professional to ensure the competence of their staff1. Another key issue is the knowledge of the costs and benefits of material resources, it is essential for carrying out their actions. The management of these resources is intended to provide necessary materials, good quality and low cost in assistance. Thus, the management includes the prediction, control, replacement and organization of materials and the nurse is responsible for the necessary materials, quantity, quality, participation in the purchase, control and evaluation, in which the most important point in this management is continuing education, which gain knowledge and team training regarding the materials (Kurcgant, P. et al. 2010). Beyond theory, it proposed the inclusion of practical activities in the professional field of a hospital, where academics had the opportunity to identify important themes seen in class in professional practice. The most important point is the nurse’s role as leader of the team and the way they interacted with the other members, with regard to the administration of the sector’s work activities. Thus, the junction of theory and practice provided to the academics the opportunity to understand the importance of organization of health services to get quality care and experience the remoteness of them. In this regard the importance of discipline in the curriculum that approach issues related to the administration at undergraduation, one can conclude that it is essential for administering discipline that enables academics may have experiences to experience in their training, essential topics for performing their professional role with competence and skill. In addition, witness in practice as these points are performed by professionals already formed and how the theory recommends, you can prevent the academic enter the professional life unprepared as a result they have not had at undergraduation is a minimum knowledge base on management, nor they have chances to know how the nursing management in healthcare organizations through internship. It is an opportunity to have an active student and in the undergraduate they can already put their knowledge into practice, Having experience and competence, they do not need to wait for job market to do what is their duty before exercising the profession. However, it is necessary that the student enlist the aid of teaching for you boost it and contribute their knowledge to the growth of the student. The discipline that approach notions of the Organization of the Health Services proves to be important to guide nursing students and nurses in their professional practice, providing skills and competencies to do their actions qualified for professional practice. It can be said that it is positive in relation to the preparation of the student and the topics that were approach by the discipline should be exploited by teachers who are instrumental in doing the student as a professional. However, it is necessary for academic, professional and educational institutions are willing to undergo changes and include in their curriculum of education based in knowledge covering efficiency and capacity, in other words what is recommended by the DCN of the Undergraduate Course Nursing (Resolution CNE / CES 3/2001).
Keywords: Planning; Resource management; Professional practice; Nursing
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