Article of Research Journal of Pharmacology and Pharmacy
The Design of Occupational Therapy Students With Elderly in an Institution of Long Stay
SOUZA, V.K.A¹; SANTOS, D.F.F¹; GOMES, P.A.S¹; HOLANDA, L.D²
Academic period the 6th of Occupational Therapy course of UNCISAL1; Occupational The rapi stand Master in Psychology and Subjectivity by UNIFOR/Specialist in Mental Health fromUECE2. State University of Health Sciences of Alagoas(UNCISAL)
Long-term care institutions are linked to religious communities, or specific ethnic groups, who have a pattern of more diverse service, showing greater involvement with the community in which they operate and a more developed administrative capacity. Practices were carried out by one of these institutions, which belongs to the Archdiocese of the city of Maceio, State of Alagoas. Activities in this institution were of great importance, having as objectives: to study and reduce idleness; examine the care to the elderly, pointing out the criteria for admission; analyze conditions to maintain the institution as a place of living with quality of life; address common problems, aiming to overcome them in consideration of future prospects. In this follow-up period were identified that older (in this case, are all females), have certain dependencies, where some are unable to perform their daily activities and others that, even managing to perform them, do not do it because their caregivers do not allow, in view of the decrease of fear and / or fractures. As Paschoal SMP, “Currently, it is observed worldwide, the absolute and proportional increase of the elderly population and, given that the decline in functional capacity increases with age, every effort should be avoided in order to prevent addiction physical and delay it as much as possible, so that the elderly can live longer”. Ina first contactwas analyzedthe number ofelderly in theinstitutionand whatthe possibleareasinterventionof studentsofOccupational Therapy, and later split thegroupsstarting fromeachindividualaffinityassumption.Upon arrivinginactingwings, we apply the MiniMental State Examinationto identify areaswith a greater degreeof commitment andfrom thatproposeactivities. The activities wereheld weeklyin the days of Wednesday, in the afternoonperiodfor three months, thewomen’s wingandnotbedriddenelderly.During thestudy periodof three months, it was analyzedif there wassome improvementbetween thelivingof olderandown mentaland physical healthof the same. The activitiesachievedgoal ofstimulating themotor skillsthat promotedin dependence, communication andstimulationofsome performanceareas affected by thenon-use oftime andconsidering thefunctionalrestrinções. Themethod analyzed, we found thatthe improvement wasof great importancein the development oflife experiencesandwork performanceof older. It wasimportant toanalyze theactivitiesof theparticipants, becausewe realize thatthe practicewas successfulboth forthe institutionand for theelderly, since thefunctional performanceof the samewasconsidered high.The participants werefemale, the wing selectedconsisted ofelderlywomen aged60-88years.Regarding theage distributionin theelderly, those who hadolder agesfunctional limitationsweredetected, leading to a greater dependencein daily activities. Considering this fact, the Occupational Therapypriority tohealthin their promotion, prevention and recovery offunctionalityof institutionalized elderly. Theelderly population is growing up and the characterofasyluminstitutionsremainoftentheonly option forthese individualsand their families.It istherefore necessarytohaveinfrastructuredevices, both in human resourcesand material, to meetconvenientlyto this population, given the specificitiesrelatedto age. This report isvery importantbecause theinstitutionalizedelderlyneed frequentlyinterventionsfor activeaging process.And, above all, to preventthe declineof occupationalperformance andmotor, cognitiveandpsychological skills. The practiceenabled thestrengthening of tiesamong theelderlyby providinga list ofthe same: mutual helpin overcoming difficulties. Thus, we can see thatthesestrengthenedtieshave brought abetter quality of lifeamong olderand holdingsociety.
Keywords: Long time institutions; Health of the elderly; activity; Quality of life; Performance.
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