Article of Research Journal of Pharmacology and Pharmacy
After-effects of Burns After Hospital Discharge: Life Quality Assessment
ALVES, J.L1, FERREIRA E PEREIRA, E.B1, SOUZA, P.T.L1, SILVA, A.C1, COSTA, B.G.S1, PEREIRA, M.A.S1.
Burns are caused by different agents and their severity depends on factors such as length, depth and location. When these injuries are more serious result in consequences. These limitations after the trauma bring harm to the quality of life of patients, affecting their well-being and their relationship with society. The objective was to analyze the level of quality of life of individuals who have suffered burns and developed sequelae, across the range Burn Specific Health Scale-Revised (Brazilian version). This was an exploratory study with a quantitative approach. The sample consisted of 43 individuals in treatment in the physiotherapy clinic for burned the Restoration Hospital, Recife-PE, in August and September 2014. Data collection was applied to scale Burn Specific Health Scale-Revised (PSHS-R): Brazilian version. The study was approved by the Hospital Ethics Committee under number CAAE 32874514.3.0000.5198. The area in which patients have better quality of life was simple functions, followed by interpersonal relations. By applying the Kruskal-Wallis test to compare the distribution of quality of life among the areas assessed it was significant (p <0.001). In the analysis between domains (two by two), with the Mann-Whitney test, we observed that Affect / body image and treatment are statistically equal. In addition, domains simple function and interpersonal relations also showed up identical. However, skin sensitivity and Work were not statistically equal to any of the other domains assessed, and those most negatively affected the quality of life of patients. Regarding QOL scale, the average of 31 items measured was 2.9, corresponding to 58 % of worse QOL. The item related to skin sensitivity were the ones who had higher average, or worse results. Corroborating study that used the same scale to assess QOL burned adolescents. To improve the patient’s health condition with burn sequelae the acting is required of a multidisciplinary team to interact in different ways affected. The treatment and rehabilitation are crucial to a successful outcome after injury, furthermore, it is essential to focus on prevention of burns.
Keywords: Quality of life; burns; Sequelae
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