Article of Research Journal of Pharmacology and Pharmacy
PREVALENCE FALLS IN ELDERLY IN THE CITY OF LAGARTO-SE
ANDRADE, L.C1; BARBOSA, G.R1; MARINHO, H.M.L1; TAKO, K.V1.
The growth of the elderly population, former privilege of first world countries, has become a worldwide phenomenon. In developed countries the demographic transition occurred slowly, following economic development. In developing countries, it occurred in an accelerated mode, which was seen as a problem. In relation to health, this transition significantly modifies the epidemiological picture on the morbidity and mortality. Elderly people fall can cause serious injury, leading them to the disability, long periods of hospitalization and rehabilitation, decrease of autonomy, independence and even institutionalization. Therefore, the social cost is high, and the prevention should be treated as a public health issue. The objective of this study is to check the prevalence, frequency and factors associated with falls among the elderly in Lagarto – SE, between 2012 and 2013. Transverse population study, whose respondents is over 60 years and dwell in urban area of the Lagarto – SE city. Was Applied 400 household questionnaires. Of the respondents 61.2 % were female, 44.5 % white, the average age is 64.8 years; 64 % can read; 55.5 % were married. In regard to falls, 75.7 % have not suffered in the last year; 24.3 % which fell, represent the average declines of 1.69 times / year; 81.9 % reported fear of falling, and of these, 43.5 % reported not abandon their activities; 54.4 % fell inside their home in the morning (67.3 %), being the outside area the main room of the fall; 50.5 % did not need help getting up and 90.1% were not unconscious. Most falls generated pain (26.7 %) and bruises (23.7 %); 75.3 % did not seek for the health service, but the one who did, 48.5 % resorted to hospital services; 6.4 % were hospitalized; 76.3 % did not receive orientations about falls. Data falls described herein (women, literate, married, with post-fall syndrome condition, those who fell at home especially in the outside area in the morning, and who did not receive information about falls) were predominant characteristics in the respondents, corroborating other studies already carried out. A relevant aspect is the lack of available information to the population, despite knowing that events are preventable with simple measures, including guidance.
Keywords: Falls, Seniors, Aging
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