Occupational Therapy and Palliative Care, a New Look on Oncologic Patients


Occupational Therapy and Palliative Care, a New Look on Oncologic Patients: an Experience Report

SILVA, C.Y.M1; SILVA, J.S; SILVA, E.C.S1; LESSA, M.J.L1; SILVA, M.E.S1 1

Alagoas State University of Health Sciences – UNCISAL1

Research Journal of Pharmacology and Pharmacy-2d Code


Palliative care (PC) can be understood as a service philosophy directed to individuals with progressive chronic degenerative diseases and not responsive to curative treatment with presence of symptoms difficult to control, stressful and debilitating. The Occupational Therapist in CP must have a comprehensive and integrated vision of the patient presenting debilitating and stressful symptoms (pain, fatigue, muscle weakness, dyspnea, confusion, gastrointestinal disorders), discomfort and physical sufferings, psychosocial and / or spiritual that impact of significantly in their occupational life and from this it can be a facilitator in adapting the patient and their caregivers losses resulting from the disease and terminally process. This study aims to report the trainees experience of occupational therapy in a philanthropic hospital in the city of Maceió-AL, between the period 2014/2015. The interventions were directed to chronic patients affected by various types of cancer in a palliative care unit. During the period the same were able to experience a diversity of practices in this scenario, highlighting the following approaches: training, orientation and adaptation of AVDs, lymphatic drainage to decrease and control lymphedema, control and pain relief; guidance for fragmentation of the steps of AVDs for energy conservation and maintenance of autonomy; orientation and training of caregivers; statement and making adaptations to facilitate occupational performance; proper positioning at home and in postural changes in order to prevent contractures, deformities, scars and facilitate active movement and carrying out therapeutic activities (expressive, playful, body and crafts) that help the process of adaptation and preparation of the losses arising from the development disease. The new practice field provided a new model of care, prioritizing the quality of life of terminally ill patients, seeing them as a complete individual, not just their illness. You can not add days to life of patients, but rather add life to days they have, this is the mission of Occupational Therapy within this new health care.

Keywords: Occupational Therapy – Hospitalization – Palliative Care.


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REFERENCES

  1. Carlo M. M. R. P.; Queiroz, M.E.G Pain and Palliative Care: Occupational Therapy and Interdisciplinarity. São Paulo: Editora Roca, 2008.
  2. De Simone, G.; Tripodoro, V. Palliative Care Basics y Control symptoms. Buenos Aires: pallium Latinoamerica 2004.