Article of Research Journal of Pharmacology and Pharmacy
Approach to Occupational Therapy to the Elderly With Alzheimer’s Dementia
SANTANA, M.R.A.G1; SILVA, M.L.A1; SANTOS, S.A1; ALMEIDA, C.E.S.F1
Alagoas State University of Health Sciences – UNCISALN1
Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is characterized by a degenerative neurological disease, slowly progressive, a process of decline of cognitive functions which extends disorganized behavior and psychotic symptoms. With behavioral and cognitive changes, impaired memory, thinking and reasoning. Notice a gradual loss of autonomy and independence, which results in increased care needs and supervision of others to among carriers of the disease. To report the experiences of trainees in occupational therapy with the elderly with Alzheimer’s dementia (AD) in a Specialized Center for Rehabilitation (CER) in the city of Maceió-AL. We performed a cognitive assessment to identify the profile and the demands presented by the elderly, then it traced the treatment plan and goals to be worked out. It was evident the need to work cognitive aspects through activities focused on memory, attention, concentration, spatial and temporal orientation, promote appreciation of reminiscences and personal identity, training of Activities of Daily Living (ADLs) and promoting autonomy. It can be observed that during the execution of the proposed activities was noted difficulties in concluding the same, in this view, demonstrates the importance of occupational therapy action with the demented elderly, your intervention is located in the occupational performance of the subject are all part categories of human activity, especially activities of daily living, working, productive and leisure. It is extremely important the intervention of occupational therapy with the elderly with Alzheimer’s Dementia by enabling the encouragement of occupational performance in order to maintain the most independent and active individual as possible, and restore and improve the occupational status, in addition to working to prevent functional loss, and guide families and caregivers.
Keywords: Dementia Alzheimer; Elderly; Occupational Therapy
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