Factors Affecting the Utilization of Antenatal Care among Pregnant Women in Moba Lga of Ekiti State, Nigeria

Factors Affecting the Utilization of Antenatal Care among Pregnant Women in Moba Lga of Ekiti State, Nigeria

Owoseni Joseph Sina

International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine

Department of Sociology, Ekiti State University Ado Ekiti, Nigeria.

This study investigated factors that influence Utilization of antenatal cares among pregnant women in Moba Local Government Area of Ekiti state.

Descriptive research design was used for the study. The population for the study consisted of all pregnant women who are receiving antenatal cares in maternity centres and hospitals in Moba Local Government Area of Ekiti State. The Simple random sampling technique was used to select the sample.

This study concluded that knowledge and attitude of pregnant women towards the utilization of an antenatal care services are encouraging and determine to a large extent their interest in using the services. It was recommended that government should endeavour to provide both human and material resources needed for effective utilization of antenatal care services and the services should be made completely free so that women from low socio-economic statuses would be able to assess it.

Keywords:  Utilization, Antenatal Care, Pregnancy, Women, Ekiti

Free Full-text PDF

How to cite this article:
Owoseni Joseph Sina. Factors Affecting the Utilization of Antenatal Care among Pregnant Women in Moba Lga of Ekiti State, Nigeria. International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine 2016; 1:3. DOI:10.28933/sina-ijtcm-2016

1. Adewumi, J.F. (2009) ‘Societal and Individual Determinants of Medical Care Utilization in the United States’ The Milbank Quarterly, Vol. 83, No. 4, 2009 (pp. 1–28)
2. Akpan-Nnah, E. M. (2011). Knowledge and attitude of pregnant women towards focused antenatal care in General Hospital, Ikot Ekpene, Akwa Ibom State, International Professional Nursing Journal. 9(1), 96 – 104.
3. Amosu, A. M., Degun, A. M., Thomas, A. M., Olanrewaju, F. M., Babalola, A. O., Omeonu, P. E., Ola, O. O. Onyeriude, O. O. & Nwogwugwu, S. (2011). Acceptance and practice of focused antenatal care by health care providers in south west zone of Nigeria. Arch. Appl. Science Research, 3(10), 484 – 491.
4. Babalola, S. and Fatusi, A. (2009) ‘Determinants of use of maternal health services in Nigeria – looking beyond individual and household factors’. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009, 9:43
5. Celik, Y. and Hotchkiss, D.R. (2010) ‘Socio-economic determinants of maternal healthcare utilization in Turkey’ Social Science & Medicine 50 (2000) 1797-1806
6. Elo, I.T. (2007) ‘Utilization of maternal health-care services in Peru: the role of women’s education’. Health Transition Review Vol. 2 No. 1 1992
7. Fotso, J., Ezeh, A.C. and Essendi, H. (2009) ‘Maternal health in resource-poor urban settings: how does women’s autonomy influence the utilization of obstetric care services?’ Reproductive Health 2009, 6:9
8. Galandanci H, Ejembi C, Iliyasu Z, Alagh B, Umar U. (2007), ‘Maternal health in Northern Nigeria—a far cry from ideal’. BJOG 2007;114:448–452.
9. Gestational age at antenatal booking and delivery outcome. Afr J Med Sci 2008;37(2):165−9.
10. Harrison, A. S. (2008). Oxford Advanced Learners Dictionary of Current English (6th ed.) Oxford University Press.
11. Igberase, G.O., Isah, E.C. & Igbekoyi, O.F. (2009), ‘Awareness and perception of maternal mortality among women in a semi-urban community in the Niger Delta of Nigeria’ Annals of African Medicine, Vol. 8, No. 4, October-December, 2009, pp. 261-265
12. Igbokwe, C. C. (2012). Knowledge and attitude of pregnant women towards antenatal services in Nsukka Local Government Area of Enugu State, Nigeria. Journal of Research in Education and Society. (3), 1.
13. Magadi, M. A., Madise N.Y, & Rodgues R. N., (2006). Frequency and timing of antenatal care in Kenya explaining the variations between women of different communities. Soc. Sci. med. 2010
14. Magadi, M.A., Agwanda, A.O. and Obare, F.O. (2007) ‘A comparative analysis of the use of maternal health services between teenagers and older mothers in sub-saharan Africa: Evidence from demographic health surveys’. Social Science & Medicine 64 (2007) 1311–1325
15. Mekonnen, Y. & Mekonnen, A. (2012), Utilization of Maternal Healthcare Services in Ethiopia. Calverton, Maryland, USA: ORC Macro Nepal Demographic and Health Survey (NDHS) (2011). Ministry of Health and Population (MOHP), Nepal, New ERA and Macro International Inc.
16. Nwogu, E.C. (2009) ‘Utilization of Maternity Care in Nigeria’. Global Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences Vol 15, No. 3, 2009: 439-
17. Ogunjuyigbe, P.O. and Liasu, A. (2012) The Social and Economic Determinants of Maternal Morbidity and Mortality in Nigeria. [Online] Available from: http://uaps2007.princeton.edu/download.aspx?submissionId=70155 Accessed: (June 23, 2010).
18. Ojo (2004). A textbook for midwives in the Trophics (5th ed) London. Golden and Stoughton.
19. Okunlola, M. A; Owonikoko, K. M; Fawole, A. O & Adekunle, A. O (2008).
20. Park, K. (2009). Park’s textbooks of preventive and social medicine. (20th ed.), Jabalpur, India, M/s Banarsidas Bhanot.
21. Simkhada, B; VanTeijlingen, E. R; Porter, M & Simkhada, P (2008). Factors affecting the utilization of antenatal care in developing countries: systematic review of the literature. J Adv. Nurs. 2008;61(3):244−60.
22. Villar J, Ba’aqeel H, Piaggio G, Lumbiganon P, Miguel Belizán J, Farnot U, et al (2011). Antenatal Care Trial Research Group: WHO antenatal care randomized trial for the evaluation of a new model of routine antenatal care. Lancet;357(9268): 1551−64.
23. WHO (2008) ‘Attending to 136 million births, every year’. In: The World Health Report 2005
24. WHO (2011) ‘Maternal Mortality Ratio’. Health statistics and health information systems
25. WHO, UNICEF (2003). Antenatal Care in developing Countries: Promises, Achievements and Missed Opportunities: An Analysis of Trends, Levels, and Differentials:
26. Yousif, E. M & Abdul-Hafeez, A. R (2006). The effect of antenatal care on the probability of neonatal survival at birth, Wad Medani Teaching Hospital Sudan. Sudanese Journal of Public Health 2006;1(4):293−7.