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Older Adults’ Engagement in Mindfulness Practices

Research Article of International Journal of Aging Research Older Adults’ Engagement in Mindfulness Practices Neha Shivhare1, David Kaufman2 1City University of Seattle 2Simon Fraser University There is substantial evidence to suggest that mindfulness practices positively affect older adults’ physical, emotional, and cognitive wellbeing. However, there is still little information available about the interest and inclination among older adults for performing mindfulness-related exercises. We conducted a survey study aimed at exploring the prevalence of older adults engaged in such activities. Data were collected from 174 older adults (Males: 48; Females:126) who responded using a self-constructed survey, and analyzed using SPSS. Results indicate that almost two-thirds of older adult respondents engage in at least one mindfulness practice and almost a third engage in more than one, with meditation, deep breathing, and yoga being the most prevalent. Keywords: Older Adults’ Engagement; Mindfulness Practices ...

Are pediatric patients with epilepsy at higher risk for COVID-19 Retrospective analysis from Sidra Medicine, Doha-Qatar

Research Article of International Journal of Central Nervous System Disease Are pediatric patients with epilepsy at higher risk for COVID-19 Retrospective analysis from Sidra Medicine, Doha-Qatar Sondos Altaraqji, Rana al-Shami*, Ahlam Ahmed, Azhar Alamri, Hanem Abdullah and Patrick Tang** Pediatric neurology department*, pathology department** at Sidra medicine /Doha –Qatar. The COVID-19 pandemic, caused by Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), spread in few months from a small focus in Wuhan (Hubei province, China) to over 28 million people worldwide , COVID-19 is often more severe in people 60+yrs or with health conditions like lung ,heart disease, diabetes or conditions that affect their immune system (1). Several countries independently adopted strict containment measures to slow the local spread of SARS-CoV-2. As other countries, widespread lockdown measures were applied in Doha –Qatar from March 17 to June 1st 2020 that restricted physical contacts, individual movements including school attendance. This reflected during the beginning of the academic year 2020-2021 by parental fear to send their children with epilepsy back to their school considering that epilepsy could be a risk factor for covid19 infection. The prevalence of epilepsy in children ranges from 3.2 to 5.5 per 1000, being highest in the first year of life, but matching adult rates by the end of the first decade (2). Epilepsy in children is the second greatest neurological disorder burden worldwide (3), often associated with cognitive and psychiatric comorbidities (4). These patients were not highly susceptible to COVID-19 during the pandemic, the estimate rate of infection among pediatric patient with epilepsy was around (0.4%) for those who became sick. Meanwhile Viral infection is a risk factor for seizures in children with certain developmental and epileptic encephalopathies (DEE) with fever sensitivity, such as Dravet Syndrome and SCN1A-related phenotypes. We aimed to assess if the COVID-19 infection affected ...

ELECTROSURGICAL ENERGY. IS IT A RISK FACTOR FOR POST-THYROIDECTOMY HYPOCALCAEMIA?

Research Article of American Journal of Surgical Research and Reviews Electrosurgical energy. Is it a risk factor for post-thyroidectomy hypocalcaemia? Hernán I Padilla1, Luis A Pacheco-Ojeda2*, ME Romero3, MC Mata4, Xavier Guarderas5 1Surgery Service, Clínica Pasteur, Quito, Ecuador. 2Surgery Service, Hospital Metropolitano, Quito, Ecuador. 3Faculty of Medicine, San Francisco University, Quito, Ecuador. 4Faculty of Medicine, San Francisco University, Quito, Ecuador. 5Surgery Service, Hospital Metropolitano, Quito, Ecuador. Aim and objective: The aim of this study was to investigate a relationship between the different types of electrosurgical energy (monopolar, bipolar, and ultrasonic-harmonic scalpel) and postoperative hypocalcaemia after total thyroidectomy. Additionally, to analyze the frequency of postoperative hypocalcaemia, according to age group, gender, and pathological diagnosis. Materials and Methods: An observational, retrospective and correlational study was carried out in a series of patients who underwent total thyroidectomy in a public and a private hospital in Quito, Ecuador, South America, from January 2016 to July 2019. Results: Among 665 patients, post-thyroidectomy hypocalcaemia was observed in 127 (18.8%) patients. There was no significant difference between males and females. Hypocalcaemia was significantly higher in patients aged between 26 and 35 years, patients operated for malignant tumors and in patients in whom at least one parathyroid gland was removed. Postoperative hypocalcaemia occurred in 52.2% of patients (n = 24) [RR: 3.14; 95% CI: 2.26-4.36; p: 0.001] in the bipolar group, 29.2% (n = 7) [RR: 1.56; 95% CI: 0.82-2.97; p: 0.087] in the harmonic group, 17.3% (n = 34) [RR: 0.87; 95% CI: 0.61-1.24; p: 0.219] in the monopolar group, and 15.2% (n= 60) [RR: 0.61; 95% CI 0.45-0.84; p: 0.001] in the monopolar + harmonic group. Conclusions and clinical significance: The use of a bipolar device appears to be a risk factor for hypocalcaemia, while the use of monopolar + harmonic seems to be a protective ...

A COMPARATIVE STUDY BETWEEN LAPAROSCOPIC HERNIA REPAIR AND OPEN HERNIOTOMY OF INGUINAL HERNIA IN PAEDIATRIC AGE GROUP: A PROSPECTIVE RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED STUDY

Research Article of American Journal of Surgical Research and Reviews A comparative study between laparoscopic hernia repair and open herniotomy of inguinal hernia in paediatric age group: A prospective randomized controlled study Dr.Arti Mitra1, Dr.Unmed Chandak1, Dr.Yuvraj Pawaskar1*, Dr.Shiv Kumar Sahu1, Dr. Sanskriti Sinha1, Dr. Prasad Bansod1, Dr. Nilesh Nagdeve2, Dr. Akanksha Waldia3 1Department of General surgery, Government Medical College and Hospital Nagpur, Maharashtra, India-440003; 2Department of Paediatric surgery, Government Medical College and Hospital Nagpur, Maharashtra, India-440003;3MBBS Intern, Indira Gandhi Government Medical College & Hospital, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India-440012 Background: Inguinal hernia in children remains one of the most common congenital anomaly observed by surgeons. Prompt diagnosis and early treatment of the inguinal hernia continues to be the mainstay to avoid the complications. The present study was undertaken to compare the effectiveness of laparoscopic hernia repair and open herniotomy of inguinal hernia in paediatric age group. Method: A total 104 healthy children of age <12 years diagnosed with inguinal hernias were alternately randomized into two equal groups, 52 patients were treated by laparoscopic method and 52 patients were treated by open herniotomy method. The outcome of two techniques compare were operative time, recovery and discharge within 24 hours, post-operative pain assessment, cosmesis and complications. Results: The mean operating time for open herniotomy was significantly less (36.69) as compared to that for laparoscopic hernia group (66.98). Recovery and discharge within 24 hours of patients undergoing laparoscopic hernia repair were significantly more (78.85%) than the open herniotomy group (57.69%). The CHIPPS for post-operative pain assessment were 5.28 for open herniotomy Vs 5.07 for laparoscopic hernia repair. FLACC tool for postoperative and periprocedural pain assessment was 4.75 for open hernioromy Vs 4.61 for laparoscopic hernia repair. The excellent cosmesis after laparoscopic procedure, whereas good cosmesis after open procedure among all subjects from respective groups ...

Two-year Single-Center Real-Life Data of Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate Treatment for Chronic Hepatitis B Patients in Togo

Research Article of Open Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Two-year Single-Center Real-Life Data of Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate Treatment for Chronic Hepatitis B Patients in Togo Aklesso Bagny1,2*, Lidawu Roland-Moïse Kogoe1, Laconi Yeba Kaaga1, Debehoma Redah1,   Late Mawuli Lawson-ananissoh1,2, Henoc Mawunyo Gbolou1, Yendoukoa Yves Kanake1, Koulinga Mikotakatola1 1Departement of Gastroenterology, Teaching hospital campus of Lome, Togo. 2Departement of Gastroenterology, University of Lome, Togo. Objective: to evaluate the treatment efficacy of Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) in the Teaching hospital campus of Lome. Patients and method: retrospective cross-sectional study, conducted in the outpatient department of the Hepato-Gastro-Enterology department of the Teaching hospital campus of Lome from January 2018 and December 2020. Patients with HBsAg were included. Outpatient patients having achieved at least HBeAg, anti-HBe antibody, anti-HCV antibody, anti-HBc IgG; viral load hepatic assessment; retroviral serology. Some patients had achieved actitest-fibrotest. Patients with abdominal pain, clinical signs of portal hypertension or hepatocellular insufficiency had achieved alphafetoprotein, protidogram, and abdominal ultrasound. These explorations made it possible to classify patients into different virological profiles. Results: More than sixty-four percent of the patients were male. The patients were asymptomatic at 97.37%. HBeAg was positive in 15.19% of patients. The viral load was detectable in 80.43% of cases with a value of 52000000 IU / ml +/- 280000000UI / ml. Ninety-five point twenty-four patients had an inflammatory activity less than 2 and 52.38% a fibrosis greater than 2 on the Metavir grid. The APRI and Fib-4 scores found a strong predictive value for fibrosis in 16.22% and 11.01% of cases, respectively. HBeAg negative chronic hepatitis was the most common virologic profile (58%). Cirrhosis was the most common complication (9.97%). Tenofovir was the therapeutic molecule used. At 12 months of treatment, HBe seroconversion was noted in 100% of cases, an undetectable viral ...

Alpha-emitting nanoparticles and the Warburg Effect, skin diseases, eating disorders, musculoskeletal disorders, alcoholism, cigarette, hypersexuality and neurofibromatosis type 1

Research Article of Research Journal of Pharmacology and Pharmacy Alpha-emitting nanoparticles and the Warburg Effect, skin diseases, eating disorders, musculoskeletal disorders, alcoholism, cigarette, hypersexuality and neurofibromatosis type 1 Florent Pirot Independent researcher Alpha emitting nanoparticulates in internal contamination, an IARC Class 1 carcinogen, have an extremely wide list of effects. New effects are here demonstrated based on a wide epidemiological survey. WHO data in particular is used together with other large sets and juxtaposed to known sources of variations of radioactivity contamination in the environment to demonstrate the link which is always explained by the strong decay energy and its impact on the organism. Some behaviours are shown to be strategies of pain reduction, others of decontamination. This article confirms the simple logic of biophysics (the linear-no-threshold model) outlined by the author in previous publications. Keywords: Alpha-emitting nanoparticles; the Warburg Effect; skin diseases; eating disorders; musculoskeletal disorders; alcoholism; cigarette; hypersexuality; Multiple sclerosis; rheumatoid arthritis; neurofibromatosis ...