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Dementia syndromes and health psychology

Research Article of International Journal of Aging Research Dementia syndromes and health psychology Eduardo Falcão Felisberto1, Leopoldo Barbosa2, Paulo César Gomes1, Mônica Cristina Batista de Melo3  1Mestrando em Psicologia da Saúde pela Faculdade Pernambucana de Saúde - FPS; 2Pós-Doutorado em Ciências da Saúde pela Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte. Docente Permanente no Mestrado Profissional em Psicologia da Saúde da Faculdade Pernambucana de Saúde – FPS; 3Pós-Doutorado em Ciências da Saúde pela Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte. Coordenador do Mestrado Profissional em Psicologia da Saúde da Faculdade Pernambucana de Saúde – FPS The aging process is considered a worldwide phenomenon, and it is observed that the population has aged, where there is an inversion in the age pyramid resulting from the increase in life expectancy. This phenomenon has been investigated by several national and international studies. As results, there are some justifications that are being cited. Among these, are the presence of some demographic factors such as a reduction in fertilit, fecundity and mortality rate over the years, in addition, we highlight the technological advances in health and improvement in the quality of life of individuals1,2. Consequently, with the presence of these influencing factors, some studies highlight an epidemiological transition, where infectious diseases are being replaced by chronic-degenerative, as the main cause of morbidity and mortality, giving emphasis on dementia syndromes . In addition of aging, are expected physical, psychological and social changes that lead to changes in the life of each elderly. At this stage of life, in addition to chronic conditions, the decline in cognitive functions, such as changes in memory, speed of reasoning, and attention seem to take on a broader dimension. Thus, with the decline of these and other functions, several difficulties can be observed in the execution of activities of daily living of ...

Visceral Angioedema caused by Angiotensin Receptor Blocker

Case Report of International Journal of Case Reports Visceral Angioedema caused by Angiotensin Receptor Blocker Arun Minupuri, Roshni Patel Mercy Catholic Medical Center In literature we see clear evidence of Angiotensin Converting Enzyme inhibitors (ACEI’s) causing visceral angioedema, but further evidence is required to establish the causality for Angiotensin Receptor Blockers (ARB’s). With the widespread usage of these anti-hypertensives and the potential serious adverse effect in the form of angioedema; clinicians should consider medication induced as part of their differentials. Keywords: Visceral Angioedema, Angiotensin Receptor Blocker ...

DETERMINATION OF PROPOSED MAXIMUM RESIDUE LIMIT OF DELTAMETHRIN IN BLACK PEPPER (PIPER NIGRUM L.)

Research Article of American Journal of Agricultural Research DETERMINATION OF PROPOSED MAXIMUM RESIDUE LIMIT OF DELTAMETHRIN IN BLACK PEPPER (PIPER NIGRUM L.) Yap Chin Ann, Zehnder Jarroop, Lawrence Tuah, Sang Jam Research and Development Division, Malaysian Pepper Board, Lot 1115 Jalan Utama, Pending Industrial Area, 93916 Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia Residue trials of deltamethrin in black pepper (Piper nigrum) were conducted to estimate the maximum residue limit (MRL). Five residue trials were conducted at three commercial growers’ plots in Johor, Perak and Sarawak (Malaysia). The study plots contained 120 mature pepper vines which were selected and treated with deltamethrin using the manufacturer’s recommended rate (0.01 kg a.i./ha). The insecticide was applied with a motorized sprayer on monthly intervals. Green pepper berries samples (500g) were randomly collected from the plots at 1, 3, 5 and/or 7 days after the last spray. Analytical procedure of deltamethrin extraction was validated prior to actual analysis. Satisfactory recoveries ranging from 86.2% to 110.2% were obtained for the fortified pepper berries samples. The limits of detection and limits of quantification for deltamethrin were 0.521 μg kg−1 and 1.63 μg kg−1, respectively. Results showed that deltamethrin residues were at the low level with the residue value ranging between <0.08 mg/kg to 0.032 mg/kg. Dissipation of deltamethrin in black pepper berries followed first-order kinetics, and the mean half-lives was 3.2 days after the last treatment. The results also indicated that pepper berries could be safely consumed after 5 days of application. The determined value of proposed MRL for deltamethrin was 0.5 mg/kg. The Dietary Intake Assessment based on Malaysian Food Consumption Pattern confirmed that the proposed MRL concentration will not cause health risks to consumers. Results obtained also showed that all the pesticide residue were stable at -20oC and did not show any significant decrease or increase in the ...

Intrinsic factors affecting incidence of urolithiasis in diabetic patients –A preliminary case-control study

Research Article of Global Journal of Urology and Nephrology Intrinsic factors affecting incidence of urolithiasis in diabetic patients –A preliminary case-control study Kalpesh Saswade1, Maria Tom2, Lekshmi Hareendran2, Vishnu Kamalasanan2, Ganesh Sonawane1, Rohan Kumar1, Praveen Singh1, Biju S Pillai3, Krishna Moorthy H4 1Resident, Department of urology, Lourdes Hospital, Kochi, Kerala, India; 2Department of Pharmacy Practice, St. Joseph’s college of pharmacy, Cherthala, Kerala,India; 3 Consultant, Department of urology, Lourdes Hospital, Kochi, Kerala, India; 4Senior Consultant and Head,  Department of urology, Lourdes Hospital, Kochi, Kerala, India There has been a steep rise in incidence of urolithiasis in recent years. Recent studies have revealed an increased prevalence of urolithiasis in patients with Diabetes Mellitus (DM). The role of various intrinsic factors of diabetic patients such as Body Mass Index (BMI), level of glycemic control, baseline kidney function and mode of treatment of DM which can influence incidence of urolithiasis still remains uninvestigated. This case control study was taken up to evaluate these intrinsic factors affecting the incidence of urolithiasis in patients with DM. The case group included diabetic patients with urolithiasis and the control group included age matched diabetic patients without urolithiasis. We concluded that Higher BMI and higher serum creatinine level in diabetic patients were associated with increased incidence of urolithiasis whereas other intrinsic factors such as age, sex, duration of DM and the level of glycemic control did not have any influence on it. Keywords: Diabetes mellitus, Urolithiasis, BMI, Intrinsic factors ...

Clinical Study of Anti-aging Effect of Sequential Applications of Biositmulating Peeling Device and Booster Injections

Research article of International Journal of Aesthetic Medicine and Health Clinical Study of Anti-aging Effect of Sequential Applications of Biositmulating Peeling Device and Booster Injections Irina Poleva, MD Scuola di Scienze del Farmaco e dei Prodotti della Salute, UNICAM, Camerino, Italy Background: The global request for the minimally invasive treatments lowering down ageing process grows. The author conducted a study introducing a new approach in this field. Objective: The aim of the study was to evaluate, using 3D photosystem the effect of the sequential applications of biostimulating peeling device and booster injections in facial rejuvenation. Patients and methods: The protocol consists in the sequential application of a special peeling solution with an innovative formulation following by intradermal injections of a booster solution on 10 healthy volunteers (mean age 52) once a week for 6 weeks (one week peeling, one week booster). After 8 weeks of treatment objective evaluation was made using 3D photosystem with considerations of wrinkles, pores and uniformity of the skin. Results: The treatment protocol was found by patients not painful, pleasurable with no downtime. No side effects were reported during or after study conclusion. All parameters (wrinkles, pores, skin uniformity) improved 8 weeks after the protocol administration. The improvement of pore condition from T1 (score 3,37) to T2 (score 4,57) was 1,2 points, wrinkle condition from T1 (3,47) to T2 (5,93) was 2,46 points, uniformity of the skin from T1 (2,53) to T1 (4,03) was 1,5 points. The average improvement from T1 (3,12) to T2 (4,85) was 1,73 points. Keywords: anti-aging, biostimulation, peeling, skin booster, rejuvenation ...

Microangiopathic hemolytic anemia/Acquired Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura as a first presentation of pancreatic cancer

Case Report of International Journal of Case Reports Microangiopathic hemolytic anemia/Acquired Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura as a first presentation of pancreatic cancer Meshaal Alanzi1, Khalid E. Ahmed1, Bassel Dakkak1, Mhd Baraa Habib1, Ahmed O. Saleh2, Mohamed A. Yassin3, Shehab F. Mohamed3 1.Department of Internal Medicine, Hamad medical corporation, Doha, Qatar;2.Department of Endocrinology, Hamad medical corporation, Doha, Qatar; 3.Department of Hematology, National center for cancer care and research, Hamad medical corporation, Doha, Qatar. Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is a rare life-threatening hematologic disorder. It is mainly characterized by thrombocytopenia, microangiopathic hemolytic anemia (MAHA), fever, renal impairment and neurological abnormality. Plasmapheresis and steroids are the standard of care. MAHA/TTP can be the initial presentation of solid organ malignancies especially gastrointestinal tumors. We report a 56-year-old female patient who presented with progressive back pain, tiredness, easy bruising, fever and weight loss. Laboratory results showed anemia, thrombocytopenia, and schistocytes in the peripheral smear. An initial diagnosis of thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) was made on the basis of clinical presentation and lab findings. She was treated with corticosteroids and plasma exchange but with no major response. CT abdomen and PET CT were suggestive of pancreatic carcinoma with extensive lymph nodal, organs and bone metastases. Supraclavicular lymph node biopsy was compatible with metastatic adenocarcinoma. As a result, the diagnosis of pancreatic cancer was established and the decision was for palliative treatment. This case highlights the need to consider malignancy in patients with MAHA/TTP especially if it does not respond to plasmapheresis. Hence, the treatment of MAHA/TTP could be directed to the underlying malignancy if available. Keywords: TTP, pancreatic cancer, plasmapheresis ...