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PHYSIOTHERAPISTS AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AT WORK AMONG IN BENIN AND FRANCE

Research Article of Internal Journal of Sports Medicine and Rehabilitation Physiotherapists and physical activity at work among in Benin and France ALAGNIDE HE, NIAMA NATTA D, AGBO OVE, DJIVOH Y, ASSOGBA F, SOGBOSSI E, DAHOUETO W, KPADONOU GT. University Clinic for Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation/ CNHU-HKM (Cotonou/ Benin) Physical activity at work is an important indicator of the level of activity. Physiotherapists are one of professionals for the prevention against sedentary lifestyle. Objective: To assess the level of physical activity at work among physiotherapists in Benin and France. Method: Descriptive and analytical cross-sectional study, conducted from July 2017 to July 2018. With physiotherapists who consent to participate to this study we use a pedometer. They wear it at work for five consecutive days. The average number of daily steps at work was determined. Physiotherapist’s level of inactivity was assessed using the Baecke questionnaire. Data was analyzed using Epi Info 13.0. X2 of Pearson’s and ANOVA tests. They were used for the comparison of qualitative and quantitative variables respectively. Significance level was set at 0.05. Results: Among fifty-four physiotherapists evaluated, forty-four (81.5%) were sedentary, with a significant level of sedentary lifestyle in twenty-six cases (48.11%). This limitation of physical activity at the workplace and the level of sedentary lifestyle of the subjects were comparable among Beninese and French physiotherapists and they were not associated with any of the factors studied. Conclusion: The level of physical activity of physiotherapists at work is limited. Raising the awareness of these actors seems essential. Keywords:Physical activity at work, sedentary lifestyle, physiotherapy, Benin, France ...

Craniofacial implants: what maxillofacial surgeon needs to understand

Review Article of International Journal of Dental Research and Reviews Craniofacial implants: what maxillofacial surgeon needs to understand Faris Almutairi Department of maxillofacial surgery and diagnostic sciences, college of dentistry, Qassim University, Qassim , Saudi Arabia Since discovery of the osseointegration of titanium in the 1950s, dental implants have been made of titanium the 1960s. In 1977, the first extraoral titanium implant was inserted for craniofacial rehabilitation aims. Craniofacial implants start to be popular for craniofacial reconstruction and rehabilitation. Craniofacial implants become as revaluation in rehabilitation fields, to day even large facial defect can be reconstructed via this surgical –prosthetic technique. The aim of this review is to explain and clarify the indications and techniques for such procedure. Key Words: craniofacial implants, facial defects, facial rehabilitation ...

THE COMPARISON OF THE SHOULDER MUSCLE ACTIVATION IN PATIENTS WITH ROTATOR CUFF TEAR UNDER AN ABDUCTION BRACE AMONG THE THREE POSTURES

Research Article of Internal Journal of Sports Medicine and Rehabilitation The comparison of the shoulder muscle activation in patients with rotator cuff tear under an abduction brace among the three postures Kazuya Okazawa1*, Naohide Takeuchi2, Naoya Kozono2, Kenichi Kawaguchi2, Sachie Noda1, Masayuki Kawaguchi1, Yasuharu Nakashima2 1Department of Rehabilitation, Kyushu University Hospital, Fukuo-ka, Japan. 2Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan. Background: Immobilization using an abduction brace is essential for the relaxation of the rotator cuff and scapular muscles and the prevention of a retear in patients with rotator cuff tear after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair (ARCR). However, thus far, the comparison of the scapular muscle activities has not been compared among different postures under an abduction brace in patients after ARCR. Objectives: The purpose of our study was to compare the scapular muscle activities among the supine position, sitting position, and walking under an abduction brace before and after ARCR Study Design: Observational, repeated measures study. Methods: Twelve patients with full-thickness rotator cuff tears were studied. The mean patient age was 64.7 years. The scapular muscle activations of the ipsilateral limbs were measured using surface electromyography in three postures: supine position, sitting position, and walking. The integrated electromyography relative values of the upper trapezius, anterior deltoid, middle deltoid, and biceps brachii were compared preoperatively and at two weeks after ARCR. Results: The trapezius, biceps brachii, and middle deltoid in the walking showed significantly higher integrated electromyography relative values than those in the supine position, preoperatively and at two weeks after surgery. The anterior deltoid in the sitting position had significantly higher integrated electromyography relative values than those in the supine position. Conclusions: Postures affected the scapular muscle activities in ARCR patients under an abduction brace. Understanding the influence of posture on the scapular muscle ...

CAD/CAM Technology Challenges in Prosthodontics

Review Article of International Journal of Dental Research and Reviews CAD/CAM Technology Challenges in Prosthodontics Naji Alharethi Department of Prosthodontics, College of Dentistry in Ar Rass, Qassim University, Ar Rass, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Computer-Aided-Design/Computer-Aided-Manufacture or in short CAD/CAM technology is a revolutionary method which was utilized in dentistry in order to achieve more efficient and precise work that not only reduce time but also produce more patient satisfaction on the short and long term. Computer-Aided-Design (CAD) can be done by utilizing a specially designed software and an intraoral scanners or laboratory scanners which can construct a three dimensional image of scanned mouth or impression. Computer-Aided-Manufacture (CAM) on the other hand, can be done by subtractive or additive manufacturing. Subtractive manufacturing is done either by spark erosion or by a milling machine. Additive manufacturing on the other hand is made by layering technique in a step by step vertical buildup of the object or restoration. This review illustrates the indications, advantages, and limitations of CAD/CAM technology in construction of different types of restorations and the possible future of this technology. Key Words: CAD/CAM, intra-oral scanners, laboratory scanners, subtractive manufacturing, additive manufacturing ...

HPV-Negative Vulvar Squamous Cell Carcinoma in a 21-year-old Patient

Review Article of International Research Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology HPV-Negative Vulvar Squamous Cell Carcinoma in a 21-year-old Patient Dânia Ferreira1*, Paulina Corgo2, Vanda Patrício3, Amelia de Almeida4 1Hospital de Braga. 2Centro Hospitalar Medio Ave, Famalicão. 3Instituto Português de Oncologia do Porto. 4Centro Hospitalar Medio Ave, Famalicão. Vulvar Squamous Cell Carcinoma usually occurs among women in their 60s or 70s. There are a limited number of reports of vulvar cancer cases younger than 30 years. These patients have usually risk factors such as human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. In this report, the authors present a rare case of invasive vulvar squamous cell carcinoma in a 21-year-old patient without HPV infection. Surgical treatment was performed, followed by adjuvant radiation therapy. Keywords: HPV; Vulvar Squamous Cell Carcinoma ...

In-vitro Antioxidant Capacities and Genetic Classification of Indonesian Selected Pigmented Rice

Research Article of American Journal of Agricultural Research In-vitro Antioxidant Capacities and Genetic Classification of Indonesian Selected Pigmented Rice Erlin Susilowati1, Addieni Zulfa Karimah1, Sandy Pradipta2, Bella Rhea Lavifa Sanjaya2, Mohammad Ubaidillah1,2,3, Tri Agus Siswoyo1,2,3* 1Graduate School of Biotechnology, University of Jember, Jember-68121, Indonesia. 2The Center of Excellence on Crop Industrial Biotechnology (PUI-PT BioTIn), University of Jember, Jember-68121, Indonesia. 3Faculty of Agriculture, University of Jember, Jember 68121, Indonesia Rice is a world-famous cereal food divided into pigmented and non-pigmented rice. Pigmented rice is popular as healthier food than non-pigmented rice due to its potency as an antioxidant. Nevertheless, the potential of pigmented rice has not been widely studied. Indonesian selected pigmented rice protein’s antioxidant potential and the non-protein compound were in-vitro studied. The antioxidant potencies were evaluated by extracting fresh seeds of nine pigmented rice (Aek Sibundong, Beureum Taleus, Gogo Niti-2, Lamongan-1, Merah SP, Merah Wangi, Mota, Ketan Hitam-2, and Super Manggis) and non-pigmented rice (IR-64) as control. Various free radical scavenging methods to determine the antioxidant activity (ABTS•+, DPPH•, OH• and O2-) were conducted. Meanwhile, the genetic classification was performed by a simple sequence repeat (SSR) marker to determine the relationship between varieties. The results showed that protein of Ketan Hitam-2 had the highest ABTS•+ radical scavenging (98.06%), followed by Beureum Taleus (42.54%). Ketan Hitam-2 protein also showed the highest OH• and O2- activities (43.49% and 6.02%, respectively). The highest DPPH• potency of the non-protein compounds also shown by Ketan Hitam-2 (32.23%) with the activity of OH• and O2- (20.63% and 14.56%, respectively). These results showed that Ketan Hitam-2 has the highest potency as an antioxidant, which could be recommended as a nutraceuticals compound. Keywords: Antioxidant; Pigmented rice; SSR marker ...