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Evaluation of English for Ethiopia Grade Nine Textbook Reading Texts’ Appropriateness: From Teachers’ and Students’ Perspectives

Research Article of Open Journal of Language and Linguistics Evaluation of English for Ethiopia Grade Nine Textbook Reading Texts’ Appropriateness: From Teachers’ and Students’ Perspectives Sintayehu Belay Abejehu Dire Dawa University and Bahir Dar University The main objective of this study was to examine the appropriateness of grade 9 English reading texts in terms of content, authenticity, exploitability, socio-cultural context and students’ background, and readability from the perspective of teachers and students. To this study purpose purely quantitative research approach was adopted. As a result, the study employed descriptive survey design and quantitative content analysis design. A sample of 197 grade 9 students and 10 grade 9 English subject teachers were involved in this study. Simple random sampling technique, notably lottery system was employed. The questionnaire and content analysis checklist were data collection instruments. Students’ questionnaire had Cronbach’s Alpha reliability coefficient (a) of .81 while the teachers’ instrument had a reliability measure of .76. The study found that the reading texts incorporated in grade 9 English for Ethiopia textbook are in conformity with the criteria of content suitability, authenticity, exploitability, and readability. However, the fitness of the reading texts for socio-cultural contexts and students’ background seem to be suspicious. This seems to indicate that the reading texts do not satisfy the whole measures of appropriateness. Therefore, it can be concluded that the reading texts incorporated in grade 9 English for Ethiopia student’s textbook seem to be partially appropriate. Keywords: Reading texts; exploitability; authenticity; readability ...

Hospital Dentist Practice in Perception of the Multiprofessional Health Team of a Reference Center in Oncology – Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil

Research Article of International Journal of Dental Research and Reviews Hospital Dentist Practice in Perception of the Multiprofessional Health Team of a Reference Center in Oncology - Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil Fernanda Gabriela Delfino Ferreira 1*, Taís Soares Ramos1, Camila da Silva Souza1, Luiza Vanessa de Lima Silva1, Márcia Jasmine Sidartha da Silva Fernandes1, Mayara Larissa Moura de Souza2, Mônica Moreira Dias da Cruz3, Aurora Karla de Lacerda Vidal4, Vânia Cavalcanti Ribeiro da Silva5 1Student of the Dentistry Course, School of Dentistry, University of Pernambuco; 2Resident Dentist in Hospital Dentistry focusing on Oncology at University of Pernambuco; 3Dental Surgeon, Center for Pediatric Oncology and Hematology, University Hospital Oswaldo Cruz, University of Pernambuco; 4Prof. Adjunct PhD. Regent of the General Pathological Processes Discipline of the Institute of Biological Sciences of the University of Pernambuco, Head of the Dentistry Service of the Oncology Center of the University Hospital Oswaldo Cruz of the University of Pernambuco, Coordinator of the Residency Program in Hospital Dentistry focusing on Oncology, University of Pernambuco; 5Prof. Adjunct Doctor of the Discipline of Stomatology Introduction: The hospital dentist practice is necessary for the integral attention to the hospitalized patient, contributes to the infection control and quality of care. Objective: to verify the perception of the multiprofessional health team of a Reference Center in Pediatric and Adult Hospital Oncology, about the dental practice in the care of hospitalized patients. Methodology: Prospective cross-sectional study conducted at the Reference Center for Pediatric and Adult Hospital Oncology, from May to September 2019, through the application of a semi-structured questionnaire, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil. Used Excel 2010 and statistical analysis, Pearson’s chi-square and Fisher’s exact tests were used, considering p ≤ 0.05. Results: a sample of 152 health professionals, of which 88.8% are female, 51.3% nursing, predominant age group between 40 and 69 years (60.6%) and ...

EVALUATION OF PERIODONTAL DISEASE IN RATS SUBMITTED TO THE ADMINISTRATION OF CYTHOCBACTERIA ARTHROSPIRA SP. (“SPIRULINA SP.”) AS A FUNCTIONAL SUPPLEMENT

Research Article of International Journal of Bioscience and Medicine EVALUATION OF PERIODONTAL DISEASE IN RATS SUBMITTED TO THE ADMINISTRATION OF CYTHOCBACTERIA ARTHROSPIRA SP. ("SPIRULINA SP.") AS A FUNCTIONAL SUPPLEMENT Ana Luiza Batista de Lima1, Carina Scanoni Maia2, Luciana Maria Silva de Seixas Maia3, Danielli Matias de Macêdo Dantas4, José de Castro Neto Júnior5,Juliana Pinto de Medeiros*6 1,2,3,6Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Departamento de Histologia e Embriologia. 4Unidade Acadêmica de Serra Talhada da UFRPE, 5Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte. Objective: To evaluate the therapeutic effect of cyanobacteria Arthrospira sp. in the evolution of periodontal disease. Methods: Eight rats, aged 90 days weighing 280 ± 300g, were used from the Animal Experimentation Center Animal Hospital of the Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences of the Federal University of Pernambuco. After an adaptation period of 10 days, the animals were randomly divided into three groups, namely: Group I - Control Rats, without administration of cyanobacteria; Group II - Rats with periodontal disease without administration of cyanobacteria; Group III - Rats with periodontal disease with cyanobacteria administration. All animals were induced to periodontitis, which was made by ligature with cotton thread, and this wire was placed around the gingival sulcus of the left upper first molar, with this application there was accumulation of residues, causing the formation of dental biofilm. Results: After the morphological analysis of the experimental groups, we observed that there was a significant effect among the studied groups, where the periodontal ligament was preserved (treated group) or showed absence of tissue integrity (untreated group). Conclusion: The administration of Arthrospira sp. in rats with periodontal disease, suggests to be an important ally in the fight against the progression of periodontitis, thus acting in the control of this disease. Keywords:periodontal disease, rats, spirulina, functional supplement ...

Nutritional Disorders: Infant Protein-Energy Malnutrition

Review Article of International Journal of Pediatric Research and Reviews Nutritional Disorders: Infant Protein-Energy Malnutrition Marcela Karolina dos Santos Silva¹*, Katharine Angélica Aguiar Wanderley² 1Centro Universitário Brasileiro- UNIBRA 2Departamento de Antibióticos da Universidade Federal de Pernambuco- UFPE Malnutrition is characterized as a deficiency of food and nutrients, mainly affecting children of preschool age (up to 5 years). Responsible for 30% of the world’s child deaths, malnutrition can compromise the child’s physical and mental development. The objective of this study was to present, through a literature review, information on energy-protective malnutrition; to expose the effects of malnutrition on the development and growth of the child and the immune system. Consequently, to discuss ways of diagnosis and treatment in order to reduce the high rates of child morbidity caused by malnutrition. Keywords: Protein malnutrition, PEM, child, energy-calorie malnutrition ...

PROTECTING THE HOST COUNTRY’S ENVIRONMENT: AN EMPHASIS ON HOME STATE REGULATION IN INTERNATIONAL INVESTMENT

Research Article of American Journal of Law and Legal Studies PROTECTING THE HOST COUNTRY’S ENVIRONMENT: AN EMPHASIS ON HOME STATE REGULATION IN INTERNATIONAL INVESTMENT Jiawen Cui School of International Law, China University of Political Science and Law. The awakening of civic consciousness of social rights requires investors not only have to obtain the “administrative license” from the host countries, but also need the “social license” from the local citizens when investing abroad. Although ICSID has made a series of decisions in favor of the host countries in investment disputes referring to environmental protection after the year of 2000, a tendency emphasizing the rights of investors has not changed substantially. In international investments involving environmental protection, the responsibility of the home country is either absent or exists in a form of soft law, thus cannot play a effective role. Emphasis on the responsibility of the home country has a vital meaning on balancing the rights and interests among all the parties. Keywords: Responsibility of the home county; Social license; Environmental protection; Legislation of the home county; Judiciary of the home country ...

Double Lipschitz Stability for Nonlinearly neutral Differential Systems with Multiple Delay

Research Article of Research Journal of Mathematics and Computer Science Double Lipschitz Stability for Nonlinearly neutral Differential Systems with Multiple Delay Huo Ran1, Wang Xiaoli2* 1College of Science Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, Huhhot, 010018,China. 2College of Statistics and Mathematics, Inner Mongolia University of Finance and Economics, Huhhot, 010070, China. In this paper, firstly a new class of time-delay differential inequalities are proved. Then as an application, the nonlinearly perturbed differential systems with multiple delay are considered and it is obtained that the trivial solution of the nonlinear systems with multiple delay has uniform stability and uniform exponential Lipschitz asymptotic stability with respect to partial variables. It is obvious that the above system is a generalization of the traditional differential systems. The aim of this paper is to investigate the double stability of time-delay differential equations, including Uniform stability and Uniform Lipschitz stability. The author uses the method of differential inequalities with time-delay and integral inequalities to establish double stability criteria. As a result, the partial stability of differential equations is widely used both in theory and in practice such as dynamic systems and control systems. Keywords: Nonlinear systems; Double stability; Lipschitz asymptotic ...