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A Report in Popular Health Education

Research Article of American Journal of History and Culture A Report in Popular Health Education Silva, L.F.T1; Brazão, G2; Sousa, R.A3; Silva, T.P.S4 1,2Estudante do Curso de Medicina da Universidade Federal de Pernambuco - UFPE; 3Estudante do Curso de Ciências Biológicas da Universidade Federal de Pernambuco – UFPE; 4Doutora em Neuropsiquiatria e Ciências do Comportamento pela Universidade Federal de Pernambuco – UFPE. To Introduction: Nowadays, with various counter-reforms in social security, social assistance, health, among others, we see many rights guaranteed by the 1988 Constitution, taken from citizens. In this way, the awareness and information of the population is essential to create an engagement in a fight against the loss of its guarantees. Objective: to report the experience of a lecture with the theme “What is Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS)?” for residents of the 27 de novembro Community, neighborhood of Ibura, Recife - Pernambuco. Methodology: The proposal was developed on December 2, 2016 in the form of deliberation, offered by a group of medical students from the Federal University of Pernambuco, in partnership with local community health agents. The theme was worked on four axes: 1- Origin of SUS; 2. Doctrinal and organizational principles of SUS; 3- Counter-reforms in Social Security; 4- Importance of Social Control in SUS. Results: The vast majority of community residents present approved the presentation in their proposal, content and format, considering the important theme for the formation of a critical sense on the subject and when called to a community meeting in January of 2017, in order to organize sanitary and social claims, 100% of those present were interested. Discussion: It can be considered that the experience contributed significantly to the teaching and learning dyad by the articulation of medical students, health workers and community members, and in this sense, it is considered a ...

The familiar relationship of adolescents in situation of social vulnerability

Research Article of American Journal of History and Culture The familiar relationship of adolescents in situation of social vulnerability Gomes M.C.P¹, Silva T.M.A², Araújo M.R³, Nóbrega K.B.G4 1Terapeuta Ocupacional 2Terapeuta Ocupacional 3Docente do Departamento de Terapia Ocupacional da Universidade Federal de Pernambuco 4Docente do Departamento de Terapia Ocupacional da Universidade Federal de Pernambuco Introduction: Adolescence is a stage of human development marked by intense transformations, causing vulnerability to mental health issues in many adolescents. One of the risk factors for this to happen is the familiar relationship in which the adolescent is inserted. Objective: In face of this, the study aimed to study the familiar relationship of adolescents in situation of social vulnerability. Metodology: This is a descriptive, cross-sectional study, with quantitative analysis of data. 21 adolescents, from both sexes, from 10 to 16 years were part of the study. Results and Discussion: Data was collected through a socioeconomic questionnaire, the Escala de Exigência e Responsividade, known as Ecomapa. Results showed that the adolescents boys hold a strong relationship with their parents, the girls, had the opposite response, relating a greater effort from themselves to the relationship. The girls showed a higher level of exigence, while the boys showed responsiveness. Conclusion: The predominant parental model was the negligent, revealing the necessity of a greater investment from parents for their children, with dialogic approach, stimulating autonomy and interactivity. Keywords: Adolescent; Familiar Relationship; Social Vulnerability ...

Nutritional Status of Athletes, Marathon and Founder Runnes, After Dietary Intervention

Research Article of Internal Journal of Sports Medicine and Rehabilitation Nutritional Status of Athletes, Marathon and Founder Runnes, After Dietary Intervention, Petrolina - PE Arruda A.A.¹; Silva L.A.R.2; Alvez H.L.3; Tenório D.M.4; Muniz G.S.5 1,2Nutrition’s Student - UFPE (Campus Recife); 3,4Nutritionists – UPE (Campus Petrolina), 5Teacher/Researcher of Nutrition Departament– UFPE (Campus Recife) Introduction: Nutritional status is the condition that the body assumes due to the nutrition and metabolic expenditure, representing the sum of the interaction of somatic and functional elements responsible for the absorption of nutrients and adequacy of physiological needs. The deficit in the nutritional status of athletes has a direct impact on physical performance, anthropometry and glycemia. Objective: To evaluate the nutritional status related to the physical performance of athletes, founder and marathon runners of Petrolina before and after the nutritional intervention. Methodology: The population was composed by 10 athletes and marathonists of the Petrolinense Association of Athletics. The evaluation of the nutritional status was performed through anthropometric analysis: body weight, height, body mass index (BMI), skin fold and circumferences. Results and Discussion: After nutritional intervention, athletes reduced body weight (p = 0.034) and BMI (p = 0.025). Consequently, they decreased the percentage of subcutaneous fat by the bioimpedance method (p = 0.012), and promoted an increase in muscle mass (p = 0.010). With the application and orientation of the alimentary plane, only the folds of the abdominal (p = 0.034) and the calf (p = 0.001) showed a reduction in the subcutaneous lipid content. It is possible to verify a strong relation between the energy expenditure of the race and the anthropometric measures, mainly with the corporal mass. This association is explained by the fact that athletes who reduce their weight by the loss of body fat improve the relation with the content of lean mass, therefore, ...

Food Consumption of Marathon and Founder Runnes, After Dietary Intervention, Petrolina

Research Article of Internal Journal of Sports Medicine and Rehabilitation Food Consumption of Marathon and Founder Runnes, After Dietary Intervention, Petrolina - PE Silva L.A.R¹; Arruda A.A2; Alvez H.L3; Tenório D.M4; Muniz G.S5 1,2Nutrition’s Student– UFPE (Campus Recife); 3,4Nutritionists – UPE (Campus Petrolina), 5Teacher/Researcher of Nutrition Departament– UFPE (Campus Recife) Introduction: Food behavior is determined by interactions between physiological, psychological, genetic and environmental factors, besides being related to the nutritional status of the individual, represented by the sum of the interaction of somatic and functional elements responsible for nutrient absorption and adequacy of the physiological needs. Objective: To evaluate the dietary intake related to the physical performance of athletes, dietitians and marathon runners of Petrolina before and after the nutritional intervention. Methodology: The population was 10 athletes of the Petrolinense Association of Athletics (APA). Food intake was performed by the Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ) and the 24h recall (R24h). Calories, macronutrients and micronutrients were quantified before and after nutritional intervention. The consumption analysis was performed by dietwin. Results and Discussion: The energy consumed by the athletes was lower than the recommendation (p = 0.015); the carbohydrates and lipids consumed also presented inferior to the recommendations. In addition, only the protein did not differentiate between the consumed and the recommendation (p = 0.07). No changes were observed in relation to consumption and recommended (after intervention) at calcium and sodium levels - p> 0.05. There was also no statistical difference between the intake of saturated fat (p = 0.856) and fibers (p = 0.887). The lower consumption of energy and carbohydrates by the athletes according to the physical modality practiced, can affect the yield. The lipid intake lower than the recommendations was related to the concern in reducing the weight and to combat the increase of the subcutaneous fat, altering the corporal ...

Biochemical Changes and Ponderal Weight After Administration of a Hyperlipidic Diet in Swiss Mice

Research Article of Internal Journal of Sports Medicine and Rehabilitation Biochemical Changes and Ponderal Weight After Administration of a Hyperlipidic Diet in Swiss Mice Silva Júnior, P.R1; Almeida, L.R.B2; Teófilo, P.B.E3; Arruda, I.T.S4; Oliveira, T.K.B5 1,2,3Student in Medicine by the Faculty of Medical Sciences of Campina Grande (FCM-CG); 4PhD Student in Biotechnology of Health, focusing on Genetics, by the RENORBIO Program. 5Ph.D. Student of the Graduate Program in Agricultural Engineering, Federal University of Campina Grande – UFCG. Professor at the Faculty of Medical Sciences of Campina Grande (FCM-CG). Introduction: The type of diet influences the metabolic functions and leads to changes in weight and/or body composition. Researchers have been trying to develop animal models in order to mimic the metabolic states of disorder that occur in humans. Aim: To analyze the metabolic changes after administration of a hyperlipid diet in Swiss mice. Methods: Twenty male Swiss mice weighing 39 - 44g with 120 days old were used. The control group (CG) was maintained on a standard balanced diet (Presence®: 23% protein, 4% fat, 50% carbohydrate and 23% other components), whereas the experimental group (EG) received a special diet with formulation with a high fat content (37.20% encephalon powder, 41.86% crushed feed, 18.60% lard and 2.32% cellulose). The Protocol was approved by the Ethics Committee on Animal Use (CEUA) of the Center for Higher Education and Development (CESED), with Protocol No. 2010/4573. The statistic was performed by Student’s t-test. Results: The initial weight of the animals of the GC and GE groups were 383g and 389g, respectively, and the final weight was 385g and 424g, respectively, with a difference of 39g more for the group that received only the hyperlipidic diet. Cholesterol analysis were 57.4 ± 5.38 for GC and 100.2 ± 10.43 for the GE, where p = 0.0013, whereas ...

The Exercise Physical Practice Importance as Diabetes Prevention of Type 2 Mellitus

Research Article of Internal Journal of Sports Medicine and Rehabilitation The Exercise Physical Practice Importance as Diabetes Prevention of Type 2 Mellitus Nascimento, D.B.L1; Costa, G.S2; Torres, R.L.N3; Manso, M.L.C4; Santos, P.M5; Melo, M.G6 1,2,3,4,5Academic Baccalaureate in Nursing - ASCES-Unita; 6Degree Course Lecturer in Nursing - ASCES-Unita. Introduction: Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus is a chronic disease related to modern lifestyle and inactivity, accounting for 90-95% of diagnosed cases. The beginning of continuous physical practices characterized as aof form prevention for people susceptible to this type of illness. Objectives: describe how physical activity can prevent the onset of diabetes mellitus type 2. Methodology: It is an integrative review, which used articles were obtained from the data base: MEDLINE. The descriptors being used: Healthy behaviors, Type 2 diabetes, Exercise and Quality of life, using the logical AND operator. Through employee, descriptors were identified 18 publications, of which 12 were excluded for not suit the theme of the study, editorials and reviews. Being admitted the following inclusion criteria: articles published in Portuguese and English, the years 2010 to 2017. The guiding question was: how physical exercise helps in the prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus? Results and Discussion: The items used were published one in each year, respectively: 2010, 2012, 2013, 2014 and two in 2015, which showed that physical activities with guidance and regulars contributes positively to the reduction of weight and levels of cholesterol, and is associated with significant improvements in blood pressure, the same way that adds sensitivity to insulin and therefore improves the quality of life related to health. The article 2015 reports the existence dandy cost savings with treatment as prevention reduces spending on medication. Conclusion: It is proven that improvements in lifestyle, along with constant practice of physical exercise and low intensity prevent type 2 diabetes mellitus ...