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Consumers Understanding and Utilization of labels used in Dairy Products

Research Article of International Journal of Animal Research Consumers Understanding and Utilization of labels used in Dairy Products Priyajoy Kar1*, H.R. Meena2 and A.P. Verma1 1Dairy Extension Division, ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal-13200 (Haryana) 2Faculty of Dairy Extension Division, ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal-13200 (Haryana) This study was conducted to determine the consumers understanding regarding the food labels in the dairy products and to find out its utility in consumers daily life. Primary data was collected by interviewing 200 consumers (NDRI and GADVASU milk parlor), who were the regular consumers of the milk products in the two distinct areas of northern India to find out the differences in their purchasing pattern. The result revealed that majority of the consumers reads the food labels on initial purchase of their food items. Consumers were well comprehended with the food labels used in the food items. Different kinds of information like Expiration Date (99.50%), Ingredients (78.40%), Health claims (66.80%) and Nutritional information (65.30%) were mostly used by the consumers, and they look for it in the dairy food products labels. Expiry Date was most commonly used by consumers as an indication of freshness, shelf life and food safety across a range of foods. The findings proposed the improvement of consumers knowledge regarding food labels used in the dairy products. Keywords: Understanding, utility, food labels, ingredients, expiration date ...

CUBISM, STRAVINSKY AND RITE OF SPRING

Research article of American Journal of Educational Research and Reviews CUBISM, STRAVINSKY AND RITE OF SPRING Özlem ONUK Assistant Professor Dr., Gaziosmanpaşa University Education Faculty, The Department of Music Education, Tokat/ Turkey Each art period or movement has been an effective form of expression for its time and mostly emerged as reaction to the previous art movement. This study discusses the emergence cubism as a form of artistic expression and its style through the works and examines the composer Igor Stravinsky's Rite of Spring in the context of cubism. For cubism, the deformation of the usual, objective order of the universe appears as an inevitable mandatory principle. With this movement, it is possible to reshape the form in different ways through formlessness, to distort all and reincorporate all known forms and achieve new forms. In the heart of cubism, there lies the principle of expressing the idea of imagining and describing the things that happen in separate places together as if they are happening at the same time, by combining it with the pleasure of confusion. Cubism is a window opening to modern art and the most important step taken on this path. The influences of cubism have manifested themselves in the different musical structure of Stravinsky's Rite of Spring. His music (the main theme) has been built on a rhythmic structure that can be defined as complex. The spontaneous and intuitive and impulsive reflection of artist's impressions regarding the object, is evident in the intuitive rhythm, chord and unique texture of Stravinsky's work.  It is expressed that there is no intellectual system used in the formation of the harmonic language of the "Rite of Spring", that it is only based on inner perception. Keywords: Cubism, Rite of Spring, Stravinsky ...

Surveillance of enteric parasites in an infectious diseases hospital, Kolkata, India

Research Article of American Journal of Biotechnology and Bioinformatics Surveillance of enteric parasites in an infectious diseases hospital, Kolkata, India Sumallya Karmakar, Shanta Dutta and Sandipan Ganguly* ICMR-National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases, Indian Council of Medical Research, P 33 CIT Road, Scheme XM< Beliaghata, Kolkata 700010, West Bengal, India A hospital-based laboratory surveillance was conducted to study the prevalence and intensity of enteric parasites in India, with a special emphasis on West Bengal. The survey was conducted among the patients admitted between January 2010 and December 2015 to the Infectious Diseases (ID) Hospital with diarrhoeal complaints. The present study reports the occurrence and prevalence of 3 most abundant enteric parasites, viz. Giardia lamblia, Entamoeba histolytica and Cryptosporadium sp. in Kolkata and surrounding. Of the 4208 samples screened during the study period from ID Hospital, 297 (7.05%) were positive for Giardia lamblia, 20 (0.475%) were positive for Entamoeba histolytica and 94 (2.23%) were positive for Cryptosporidium sp. Keywords: Surveillance, enteric parasites, infectious diseases hospital, Kolkata, India ...

Comparitve Effects of Moringa Oleifera Pods, Probiotics and Vitamin E/selenium on Body Weight Gain of Abor- Acre Broiler Chickens

Research Article of American Journal of Biotechnology and Bioinformatics Comparitve Effects of Moringa Oleifera Pods, Probiotics and Vitamin E/selenium on Body Weight Gain of Abor- Acre Broiler Chickens 1*MUSA, I.W., 1BELLO, Y.M. and 2ANDAMIN, A.D. 1Department of Veterinary Medicine, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria 2Department of Animal Health and Production Technology, Federal College of Horticultural Technology, Dadin-kowa, Gombe State. Phytonutrients are reliable solutions to public health concerns on antibiotic resistance and adverse effects of synthetic growth promoters. This study evaluated the effects of Moringa oleifera pods and probiotic on the growth performance of broiler chickens. A total of 100-day-old ABOR-ACRE broiler chicks with average weight of 38 grams were purchased from a hatchery in Ibadan and used for this study. The chicks were randomly divided into 4 groups (A, B, C and D). Group A was fed basal diet supplemented with air dried Moringa oleifera pods powder at inclusion rate of 50g/kg, group B fed basal diet supplemented with a commercial probiotic (Bactofort®) at 0.5g/kg, group C that was fed commercial feed and supplemented vit E/Selenium in drinking water while group D fed only commercial feed served as control. Chickens in all groups were served same quantities of feed and water ad-libitum. Birds were vaccinated against Newcastle disease (B1 and la Sota live vaccines-IZOVAC®) on days 7, 14 and 28. The birds were weighed weekly and feed intake evaluated. Data were analyzed using simple descriptive statistics and two-way ANOVA. Results showed significant difference (p<0.05) of weight gain of birds fed M. oleifera and probiotic. M. oleifera pods powder significantly improved live weight gain thus serving as alternative to commercial growth promoters in broilers. Keywords: Moringa oleifera, Probiotics, Vitamin E, Growth performance, Broilers ...

Human Gait identification System

Research Article of Research Journal of Mathematics and Computer Science Human Gait identification System Ali Mohammed mohaisun 1, Muayad Sadik Croock 2 1 Informatics Institute for Postgraduate Studies, 2 University of Technology, Computer Engineering Department. Few biometrics can be used to recognize a person from distance without need for direct sharing or cooperation of that person, gait (walking behavior) is one of them. Walking behavior (gait) recognition includes specifying person identity by analyzing his walking style (walking manner). In this paper, a human gait identification system depending on extracted features, which are vertical hip, horizontal hip angle and slop of thigh. The first step of the proposed system is detecting the binary silhouette of a walking individual from the uploaded videos. Then, the gait cycle is allocated using aspect ratio method. Finally, the required features from each frame in gait cycle are extracted. Different image processing operation have been performed to extract the required features. The outcome of the proposal system reflects flexibility in term of inserting, searching, updating, deleting and matching. The proposed system is tested in terms of offered functions, human recognition and noise effects. The obtained results show the efficient performance of the system and high ability of covering the error caused by surrounding conditions. The system is evaluated using the matching rate with the threshold of 70%. The adding noise can degrade the matching rate, particularly for high variance values. This is because of the increasing of noise values that might be the reason of moving the object irregularly while capturing or unexpected changing in the effected surrounding conditions. Keywords: Human Gait, Gait Recognition, Biometric ...

Relevance of probiotic, prebiotic and synbiotic supplementations on hemato-biochemical parameters, metabolic hormones, biometric measurements and carcass characteristics of sub-tropical Noemi lambs

Research Article of International Journal of Animal Research Relevance of probiotic, prebiotic and synbiotic supplementations on hemato-biochemical parameters, metabolic hormones, biometric measurements and carcass characteristics of sub-tropical Noemi lambs S.F El-Mehanna1, M.M. Abdelsalam1, N.M. Hashem2, , K.E.M. El-Azrak2, M.M. Mansour3 and M.M Zeitoun1,2* 1Department of Animal Production and Breeding, College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Qassim University 51452, KSA 2Department of Animal and Fish Production, Faculty of Agriculture, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt 3Department of Animal and Poultry Production, Faculty of Agriculture, Damanhour University, Egypt. The effects of probiotic, prebiotic and synbiotic preparations on hemato-biochemical parameters, metabolic hormones, biometric measurements and carcass characteristics of growing lambs were studied. Twenty four growing Noemi male lambs were randomly allocated into 4 groups (n=6/group) in a complete randomized design and blocked according to their initial weights. Lambs in the first group were orally given 50 ml of physiological saline (0.9% NaCl) and served as control (CON), while lambs in other three groups were orally given 50 ml of aqueous dandelion extract (PRE) or fermented cow's milk supplemented with lactic acid bacteria (PRO) or their mixture (1:1, SYN) every other day for 8 consecutive weeks. The results indicated that treatment had no effects on hematological parameters, except leukocytes number which was elevated (P<0.05) in all treated lambs compared to CON-lambs. Treatments had no effect on blood serum cholesterol, whereas treatment with PRO and SYN increased (P<0.05) blood serum glucose. Blood serum insulin and IGF-I concentrations were higher (P<0.05) in lambs given SYN than lambs in other groups. Different supplementations improved (P<0.05) finishing weight of lambs compared to control. There were no significant differences in carcass weight and dressing percentage among treatments. Values of most carcass measurements were not affected by treatment except a significant increase in chest depth in all supplemented lambs compared to control ...