Research article of American Journal of Educational Research and Reviews Strategies for Enhancing Peace Education for National Security in Nigeria Dr. Isaac N. Nwankwo, Department of Educational Management and Policy, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka. Dr. Gladys Uzoechina, Department of Educational Foundations, Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University, Igbariam Campus This work is a product of library research. The purpose was to discuss national security in Nigeria in relation to peace education. The concepts of peace education and national security were presented. The reasons for national security were discussed. The researchers also articulated the efforts so far made in Nigeria to promote national security. The work also articulated the importance of peace education to national security. The major challenges to national security in Nigeria were highlighted and strategies for enhancing peace education for national security were documented. Part of the suggestions was that elders at family and society levels should show good examples and inculcate in the children, the culture of tolerance and coexistence in the plural society, as well as teaching them patriotism and civic responsibilities to the nation over and above allegiance to tribe or ethnicity as a way of achieving national security in Nigeria. Keywords: Enhancing Peace Education, National Security, Nigeria, Strategies ...
Enhancing Peace Education, National Security, Nigeria, Strategies
Is L-arginine or glucose dependence required for fetal growth, survival and maternal progesterone during late pregnancy in ewes?
Research Article of International Journal of Animal Research Is L-arginine or glucose dependence required for fetal growth, survival and maternal progesterone during late pregnancy in ewes? M. M. Zeitoun Department of Animal Production and Breeding, College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, P.O. Box 6622, Qassim University 51452, KSA This study aimed at investigating effects of drenching low and high dosage of L-arginine alone, combined with propylene glycol or propylene glycol alone during the eight weeks during late ewe's gestation on the litter weight and survival at birth and maternal progesterone (P4). Thirty four adult Najdi ewes were randomly allotted into six groups (G). G1 (C, control, n=6) ewes orally given 50 ml physiological saline daily, G2 (LA, n=6) ewes given 50 ml containing 37.5 mg L-arginine/kg/day, G3 (HA, N=6) ewes given 50 ml containing 75 mg l-arginine/kg/day, G4 (P, n=6) ewes given 50 ml propylene glycol, G5 (LAP, n=5) ewes given 50 ml containing 25 ml propylene glycol and 25 ml LA and G6 (HAP, n=5) ewes given 50 ml containing 25 ml propylene glycol and 25 ml HA. Jugular blood samples for serum P4 were collected once a week from the beginning of treatment till parturition. At parturition litter size, litter weight, neonatal birth weight and viability were determined. Mean lamb birth weight was 3.75, 5.44, 5.72, 5.75, 7.33 and 5.6 kg in C, LA, HA, P, LAP and HAP, respectively. Survival rates at birth were 75, 87.5, 100, 83.3, 83.3 and 100% in C, LA, HA, P, LAP and HAP, respectively. The highest P4 level with typical profile was found in LAP ewes. In conclusion, administration of a combination of l-arginine (37.5 mg/kg/d) with propylene glycol during eight weeks of late sheep pregnancy not only enhanced fetal growth and survival of neonates but it also enhanced maternal corpus ...
Ewes, pregnancy, arginine, propylene glycol, fetal growth
A Quantitative Model of Smartphone Adoption Among Urban and Rural Nigerians: The Role of Social Context In Ensuring Continuous Usage
Research article of American Journal of Computer Sciences and Applications A Quantitative Model of Smartphone Adoption Among Urban and Rural Nigerians: The Role of Social Context In Ensuring Continuous Usage Iyanda O. A. PhD, MSc. MBA, FCA Tristate Healthcare System, Agodi GRA, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria Rapid diffusion and adoption of smartphone technologies could accelerate development in developing nations like Nigeria. Much is known about the factors that influence technology adoption and continuous use in general, but these theories of socio-economic impact have rarely been tested in Nigeria. Additionally, there may be differences in technology adoption and use behaviors between urban and rural settings. Such differences could influence strategies for encouraging widespread smartphone adoption in Nigeria. Therefore, the present quantitative, survey study sought to test a theoretical model of smartphone adoption and continuous use based on the unified theory of acceptance and use of technologies as well as on expectation confirmation theory. Using factor analysis and partial least squares analysis, this research tested a set of hypotheses related to intention to use smartphones and continuous use, exploring the moderating role of urban versus rural locations. The study discovered that, among Nigerians with high performance expectancy, those who lives in urban areas are more likely to intend to use smartphones when compared with their rural counterparts. The study concluded that social, socio-economic, and infrastructure factors enable urban dwellers to utilize smartphones, whereas context factors make smartphone adoption more difficult in rural areas. That is social influence was positively correlated with intention to use smartphones. Additionally, there is a strong positive correlation between intent to use and continuous usage of mobile technologies, justifying intent to use as an important outcome variable in research on technology adoption in Africa. Based on the results of the finding, this work recommends amongst others, that adequate Information ...
Qualitative Model, Smartphones Adoption, Mobile Technologies, Social Context, Performance Expectancy, Expectation Confirmation Theory, Unified Theory of Acceptance
Research article of American Journal of Computer Sciences and Applications Walking Behavior Based Human Recognition System Ali Mohammed mohaisun 1, Muayad Sadik Croock 2 1Ali Mohammed mohaisun 1 Informatics Institute for Postgraduate Studies, 2 University of Technology, Computer Engineering Department. In the recent period with the growing need for surveillance system, people looking for suitable method to identify person. Depending on the features of biometric that can specify human identity by using identification and verification functions. The verification process is done by compare the biometric features such as, fingerprint, iris, face recognition, etc., with a record stored previously. While the identification process is performed by find the best match between the biometric features and all records kept in a database. Walking behavior recognition is the only biometric that can specify an individual identity at distance that relying on walking behavior features such as step length, angle of hip and knee, etc. In this paper we propose a biometric based human identification system depending on walking behavior characteristic which is vertical hip angle, horizontal hip angle and slop of thigh that extract from captured picture of person. A database of numerous people has been used. A database has been constructed using SQL server software environment in which person identification performed with high efficiency. The outcome of the proposal system reflects flexibility in term of inserting, searching, updating, deleting and matching. Keywords: Gait, Gait Recognition,walking behavior recognition ...
Gait, Gait Recognition,walking behavior recognition
Research article of American Journal of Computer Sciences and Applications Review of Mathematical Approach to Engineering Problems Gangadharaiah, Y. H Department of Mathematics, Sir M. Visvesvaraya Institute of Technology,Bangalore-562157, India Mathematics is widely used in every engineering fields. In this paper, several examples of applications of mathematics in mechanical, chemical, optimization and electrical engineering are discussed. Laplace transform mathematical tool is applied to solve problems. Applications here are the real ones found in the engineering fields, which may not be the same as discussed in many mathematics text books. The purpose of this paper is to relate mathematics to engineering field. Keywords: Laplace transform ; Mechanical; Mechanical; Electrical; Optimization ...
Laplace transform ; Mechanical; Mechanical; Electrical; Optimization
Research article of American Journal of Computer Sciences and Applications Composed Reed Solomon Sequences Generated by ith Partial Sum of Geometrical Sequences Dr. Ahmad Hamza Al Cheikha Math. Sci. Dep. Col. of Arts Sci. & Edu. Ahlia Uni. Manam, Bahrain Reed–Solomon codes are an important group of error-correcting that were introduced by Irving S. Reed and Justine Solomon in 1960. They used in the error coding control, special in systems that have two way communication channels in two externally applications: deep telecommunications and the compact disc. They have many important applications, the most prominent of which include consumer technologies such as CDs, DVDs, Blue-ray Discs, QR Codes, data transmission, technologies such as DSL and Wi MAX, broadcast, systems such as DVB and ATSC, and storage systems such as RAID 6 . They are also used in satellite communication. This research is useful to generate new Reed Solomon Codes and their composed sequences using the ith partial sum of geometrical sequences with the bigger lengths and the bigger minimum distance that assists to increase secrecy of these information and increase the possibility of correcting mistakes resulting in the channels of communication. Keywords: Minimal polynomial; Minimum distance; BCH Sequences; Reed-Solomon sequences; Quasi- orthogonal Sequences; Orthogonal sequences; Code; Span ...
Minimal polynomial; Minimum distance; BCH Sequences; Reed-Solomon sequences; Quasi- orthogonal Sequences; Orthogonal sequences; Code; Span.