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Orobanche Species distribution and severity of infested areas in south and north Wollo zones of Amhara region, Ethiopia

Research Article of American Journal of Biotechnology and Bioscience Orobanche Species distribution and severity of infested areas in south and north Wollo zones of Amhara region, Ethiopia Mekonnen Misganaw, Wondesen Dagnachew, Genet Kebede and Abebe Ayalew Sirinka Agricultural Research Center P.O.Box 74, Woldiya, ETHIOPIA Broomrapes (Orobanche species) are obligate holoparasitic flowering plant. Orobanche species are root parasite which can damage the crops underground before the weed emerged. Complete faba bean yield loss by this weed forced farmers to replace faba bean by cereal crops. The distribution of the weed is increasing annually. To obtain relevant information on the introduction and distribution of the weed, survey was conducted on randomly selected 72 farmers’ fields in 12 woredas in two zones, south and north Wollo. Four woredas, Kutaber, Dessie-zuria, Tenta and Mekidela are out of legumes production in south Wollo. In this survey, information was also gathered regarding farmers attitude and local control practices. Farmers practice is hand weeding but Orobanche shoots were emerged again in doubling and tripling. We cannot stop the dissemination of the weed due to the nature of dispersed agents such as wind, flood, farm machinery, crop seeds, animals, humans etc and the undulating features of the areas are all favorable agents to disperse the minute seeds of the parasitic weed and are beyond our capacity to control them, but we may bring a solution by multi-sector approach through developing resistant varieties using molecular breeding and with chemical control measures. Keywords: chemical, faba bean, hand weeding, holoparasitic, resistant ...

Ethnomedicinal uses of indigenous plant species in Mogalakwena Municipality of Waterberg District, Limpopo Province South Africa

Research Article of International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine Ethnomedicinal uses of indigenous plant species in Mogalakwena Municipality of Waterberg District, Limpopo Province South Africa L.P. Maema*, S.M. Mahlo and M.J. Potgieter Department of Biodiversity, School of Molecular and Life Sciences, University of Limpopo, Private Bag X1106, Sovenga 0727, South Africa. Various indigenous cultures in the Limpopo Province of South Africa are transitioning from a traditional lifestyle to a westernised one. This leads to a loss of cultural identity and knowledge. Consequently, an ethnobotanical survey was conducted to investigate the medicinal uses of indigenous plants in the Mogalakwena Local Municipality of the Waterberg District in Limpopo Province, South Africa, an area experiencing rapid transition to a western lifestyle. The study interviewed 30 traditional healers via a semi-structured questionnaire. Thirty five indigenous plant species were documented to be used in the treatment of 37 ailments. These species are distributed among 22 families, of which Asteraceae (5 species), Fabaceae (4 species) and Hyacinthaceae (3 species) are the most prominent. The remaining families are represented by either a single or two species. Bark and roots accounted for 50% of the material used, followed by leaves (12%) and tuber (8%), amongst other. Preparation of remedies was mainly through decoctions (40%), followed by infusions (33.3%), paste (8.3%), and fumes through burning (6.7%). The high percentage of bark and roots use is an area of concern. Furthermore this study found many instances of unsustainable harvesting techniques. These issues need immediate attention for the long term conservation of a number of threatened species identified in this study. Keywords: Bapedi traditional health practitioners, Mogalakwena Local Municipality, ethnomedicinal survey ...

Distributed Storage of Remote Sensing Data Based on Hadoop Platform

Research Article of American Journal of Agricultural Research Distributed Storage of Remote Sensing Data Based on Hadoop Platform in Virtual Environment Cheng Li1, Xicun Zhu1, 2*, Lulu Gao1, Huansan Zhao1, Yu Wei1, Gengxing Zhao1 1College of Resources and Environment, Shandong Agricultural University, Tai’an, Shandong 2National Engineering Laboratory on Efficient Utilization of Soil and Fertilization, Tai’an, Shandong A distributed remote sensing data storage system based on Hadoop platform is designed to solve the problem of low storage efficiency and low security of mass remote sensing data. Uesd virtualization technology to PC as hardware based virtual computing node the Hadoop Cluster required, without increasing the dedicated server clusters and does not change the original PC use conditions, built the Hadoop platform by the virtual machine cluster. Using LandSat-8 satellite image data as the experimental object, through the design of file tree structure, the remote sensing image data according to the band and split into several blocks of image coordinates, combined with the Hadoop distributed file system (HDFS) characteristics of block storage data block, the remote sensing data stored in the distribution of the whole virtual computer cluster in. Build Hadoop platform remote sensing data distributed storage system with low cost. Keywords:  Virtualization Hadoop HDFS Remote Sensing Data ...

Different statistical methods to collect information about the adverse effects of climatic factors on cotton production

Review Article of American Journal of Biotechnology and Bioscience Different statistical methods to collect information about the adverse effects of climatic factors on cotton production Zakaria M. Sawan Cotton Research Institute, Agricultural Research Center, Ministry of Agriculture & Land Reclamation, 9 Gamaa Street, 12619, Giza, Egypt This study investigates the statistical relationship between various climatic factors and overall flower and boll production. Also, predicting effects of climatic factors during different convenient intervals (in days) on cotton flower and boll production compared with daily observations. Further, collects information about the nature of the relationship between various climatic factors and cotton boll development and the 15-day period both prior to and after initiation of individual bolls. And, provide information on the effect of various climatic factors and soil moisture status during the development stage on flower and boll production in cotton. Evaporation, sunshine duration, relative humidity, surface soil temperature at 1800 h, and maximum air temperature, are the important climatic factors that significantly affect flower and boll production. The five-day interval was found to be more adequately and sensibly related to yield parameters. Evaporation; minimum humidity and sunshine duration were the most effective climatic factors during preceding and succeeding periods on boll production and retention. There was a negative correlation between flower and boll production and either evaporation or sunshine duration, while that correlation with minimum relative humidity was positive. Keywords: cotton flower and boll production, evaporation, relative humidity, soil moisture status, sunshine duration, temperature ...

Anxiety disorders and homeopathy

Review Article of Journal of Stroke Research Anxiety disorders and homeopathy Dr Balaji Deekshitulu P V Psychologist & Alternative Medicine (Homeopathy) Practitioner, Sri Balaji Clinic, Tirupati, A.P, India. The review article states that homeopathic remedies have been used throughout the world for thousands of years and their benefits have been repeatedly documented by physiological and psychological problems. Homeopathic medicines can formulate a positive change in people suffering from these distressing states of mind and behaviour it is proved can help the reducing their anxiety levels and thus capable of dealing with stressful situations this remedies work towards balancing the excitatory neurotransmitter levels in the brain. Keywords: Anxiety, Anxiety disorders, Homeopathy remedies ...

Stammering –Ayurvedic management with Sookshma aushadhi chikitsa

Case Report of International Journal of Case Reports Stammering –Ayurvedic Management with Sookshma Aushadhi Chikitsa –A Case Report Vd.Shivani Sanjeev Gavande. M.D.(Ayu) Associate Professor in Kayachikitsa Dr .J.J .Magdum Ayurved Medical College, Jaysingpur. A patient suffering from stammering since childhood was treated with Tota Vati for six months ,got resque from his suffering and now is acting confidently in play. He can speak fluently now. In Ayurved ,sookshma aushadhi chikitsa is the most popular system of management where we can get better result with processed microfined particals of the same medicine even at very low dose .Ayurved says ,when the medicine is reprocessed with the decoction of same ingredients repeatedly, we get better efficacy with very small quantity of medicine. Tota vati is such type of processed medicine which was prepared by Vaidya .Narhar Bhole Prabhu.These tablets are much more useful in stammering. Keywords:  Stammering, Sookshma Aushadha, Ayurved, Herbal medicine, Tota vati ...