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Herbal home garden and ex-situ conservation of medicinal plants

Research article of Journal of Plant and Environmental Research Herbal home garden and ex-situ conservation of medicinal plants for promotion and conservation of traditional health knowledge: a geographical perspective Nitu  University of Delhi, Delhi Herbal home remedies have a long history which is in the form of oral tradition. Herbs and other locally available medicinal plants have been used for healing purposes and maintaining good health since time immemorial. These practices of healthy living and use of herbs for curing diseases enunciated in Ayurveda and are in vogue in Indian households even today. The current status of herbal home garden along with government and private run herbal gardens have been studied in Haridwar (Uttarakhand),and Kangra district of Himachal Pradesh in the year 2008-2009 and 2012-2013 respectively. From Haridwar, total of 75 households were chosen from three distinct geographical locations by using random sampling method. Herbal gardens of Brahmavarchas located at Shatikunj, and Patanjali Yogpeeth, Haridwar were also taken for the study. From the district Kangra, two governments and one private owned herbal gardens were chosen for the study. For the collection of primary information, well-structured questionnaires were used during the field surveys. Focus Group Discussion and personal interviews were applied to document the uses of medicinal plants as health care measure. Besides a review of relevant literature, the research used a variety of qualitative techniques, such as semi-structured, in-depth interviews and participant observations. The present study facilitates a better understanding of the present status of indigenous knowledge system, local innovations and practice of herbal based home remedies and the traditional knowledge is diffused in the society. The cultural set up and old aged traditional knowledge system is a way of life in Indian households and Indian kitchen and herbal home garden render valuable health care system. Irrespective of geographical localities viz ...

Elevated Serum Procalcitonin an Adjunct for Early detection of Infant Tuberculosis in Paediatric HIV/AIDS

Review Article of American Journal of Microbiology and Immunology Elevated Serum Procalcitonin an Adjunct for Early detection of Infant Tuberculosis in Paediatric HIV/AIDS Ibeh Isaiah Nnanna Health Services Department, University of Benin, Benin city PMB 1154 In countries with a high tuberculosis (TB) burden, Mycobacterium tuberculosis is a frequent cause of acquired pneumonia (AP) amongst people living with HIV/AIDS and the differential and early diagnosis of TB from common bacterial pneumonia is difficult. The varying clinical and radiographic presentation of Acquired Pneumonia and Tuberculosis according to patient age and comorbidity and the low sensitivity of acid-fast bacillus microscopy make it even more difficult to distinguish TB from common bacterial pneumonia. Therefore, an adjunct diagnostic method that can determine early pulmonary tuberculosis in infants living with HIV/AIDS in order to differentiate it from other bacterial pathogens causing acquired pneumonia. Although a confirmatory microscopy test for Tuberculosis detection was carried out which would have a clinical role in terms of isolating patients with TB and administering appropriate anti-TB medication or antibiotic treatment at an early stage. The use of serum procalcitonin (PCT) for early detection of pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) from infants with paediatric HIV/AIDS in Adamawa state, Nigeria a country with an intermediate TB burden and one with the highest number of people living with HIV/IADS in West-Africa. A prospective study, enrolling 50 infants with paediatric HIV/AIDs with suspected Pulmonary Tuberculosis in a community-based referral hospital. A clinical assessment was performed before treatment, serum and PCT were measured. The test results were compared to the final diagnoses 50 patients, 35 had Pulmonary Tuberculosis and 15 had bacterial associated pneumonia TB. The median PCT level was 0.564 ng/mL (range, 0.01 to 27.75) with bacterial acquired pneumonia and 0.044 ng/mL (range, 0.01 to 0.87) with pulmonary TB (p<0.001). No difference was detected in the ...

Submission System of American Journal of Dermatological Research and Reviews

Submission System of American Journal of Dermatological Research and Reviews ...

Regulation Of Learning And Results Of Baccalaureat In Science

Research article of American Journal of Educational Research and Reviews REGULATION OF LEARNING AND RESULTS OF BACCALAUREAT IN SCIENCE: CASE STUDY OF REGION OF MAYO- KEBBI EAST (CHAD) NDIGMBAYEL Reoular Urbain, Ph. D Ecole Normale Supérieure de Bongor The educational action of the teacher plays a central role in the school success of students. In fact educational organisation of teaching sequencies influences greatly on the rates success of students (learners) particularly in certified Exams. It is the case of baccalaureat [A level certification) exam (Baccalaureat: Secondary school examination qualifying for entry to university, High school diploma), Bac. A (Arts based) Bac. C, D (science based)] in science in the secondary school of Mayo –Kebbi East where the rate of global success is too low (8,40% in 2014). This study has the interest in the impact of implementation of educational pratices of teachers in the situation of the classes for the success in Baccalaureat of the students in science senior secondary school (Terminal, Serie C, D). It is structures in three parts as follow : the introduction that states the main question, the methodology that describes the adopted approaches to realize the study, the results from collected data in the field the discussion that confrontes the collected data in the beginning and lastly the conclusion that makes the assessment evaluation of this study. Keywords: Regulation, teacher, Baccalaureat C and D, success, Mayo-Kebbi East ...

Effect of temperature on bean seed germination: vigor and isozyme expression

Research Article of American Journal of Agricultural Research Effect of temperature on bean seed germination: vigor and isozyme expression Ítala Thaísa Padilha Dubal1, Cristian Troyjack1, Geison Rodrigo Aisenberg1, Felipe Koch1, Vinicius Jardel Szareski1, João Roberto Pimentel1, Maicon Nardino2, Ivan Ricardo Carvalho, Tiago Olivoto2, Velci Queiróz de Souza3, Francisco Amaral Villela1, Tiago Zanatta Aumonde1, Tiago Pedó1 1University of Pelotas, Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, 96010-900, Brazil. 2Federal University of Santa Maria, Frederico Westphalen, Rio Grande do Sul, 98400-000, Brazil. 3Federal University of Pampa, Dom Pedrito, Rio Grande do Sul, 96450-000, Brazil. This research aimed to evaluate the physiological quality of seeds and isozyme expression in seedlings of bean's genotypes under influence of germination temperatures. Seeds of Carioca, BRS Expedito and IPR Tuiuiú genotypes were subjected to five germination temperatures (15, 20, 25, 30 and 35 °C). Seeds were submitted to tests of germination, first count, germination speed index, cold test, isozyme expression and the total dry matter of seedlings. Germination was altered due to the different temperatures. As the temperature rose, seeds of IPR Tuiuiú and BRS Expedito had reduced germination. The increase on temperature significantly affected the germination speed index of the three genotypes, leading to a greater increase in the values of this attribute. Bands of esterase from the cold test showed less intensity compared to other tests. Due to the exposure to different temperatures, there are similarities between the number and intensity of bands on esterase, with lower enzyme expression at 30 and 35 °C, changes in the number and intensity of peroxidase expression at all temperatures, and practically none expression of the acid phosphatase enzyme in higher evaluated temperatures. Therefore, the seeds exhibit better performance when exposed to temperature of 30 °C compared to use of lower temperatures, while on temperatures above 30 °C isozymes expression is reduced for both ...

Heamatologic Indices and Anti-Spermatogenic Effects of Dietary Supplemented Carica papaya seeds on Wister Rats

Review Article of American Journal of Microbiology and Immunology Heamatologic Indices and Anti-Spermatogenic Effects of Dietary Supplemented Carica papaya seeds on Wister Rats Ibeh Nnanna Isaiah1 ( BMLS, AMLSCN, MGHT),  Unuabonah Uyi Ibhoje2 ( BSC,MSc)  *1University of Benin Health Services Department, University of Benin PMB 1154 2University of Ibadan, Faculty of Life Science, Department of Microbiology The continuous usage of indegienious plants as an intervention tool for diseases that affect both humans and animals is as old as orthodox medicine in its self in this study we evaluated the overall effect of carica papaya seeds extract on wister rats to determine its heamatoligic stimulatory effect and the anti-spermatic effect. A total of eighty rats where orally administered the various doses of the extract over a period of time and the heamatoligic and spermatologic parameters where analyzed. From the results obtained there was a slight stimulatory effects as the total white blood cell increased according to the varying doses of 100mg and 200mg respectively (6.56±0.38 and 6.96±0.10) with mean packed cell volume of 38.0±0.84 and 37.4±1.03 also noticeable is the slight rise in the Lymphocytes from the control group to the varying doses of exposure 70±2.06 and 68.6±1.12, the total Sperm cell count across the varying doses where 11.6x106 +0.5cells/mm3 and 11.3x106 +0.5cells/mm3 respectively. The above showed a a little marked increase the heamatologic parameters there was a slight increase in the lymphocyte although there was a marked decrease of sperm cell count from the control down the doses of exposure. Keywords: Heamatologic, Anti-spermatogenic, Lymphocyte, White blood cell ...