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Assessment of Beekeeping Constraints and Opportunities in Diga and Wayu Tuka Districts

Research Article of International Journal of Animal Research Assessment of Beekeeping Constraints and Opportunities in Diga and Wayu Tuka Districts Amsalu Arega Bako Agricultural reaearch center The study was conducted in Diga and Wayu Tuka Districts to determine the constraints and opportunities of beekeeping. Questionnaire surveys was administered to 146 beekeepers (97.1% males). Majority of the respondents started beekeeping after 2010 (28.03%) by catching colonies as honey bee colony source (54.8%). The major dearth period of the area was late march to early may. The trend of beekeeping in the study area was shifting from traditional to modern beekeeping and the trend of honeybee colony and its yield was decreasing due to honeybee health problem of the area (pests, predators, pathogenic disease, high cost of bee equipment and agrochemical application). In the study area the major pests and predators considered as challenges were ants, beetles, wax moth, varroa destructor and some predators like honey badgers, honeybee eater birds, dead head hawks moth, lizards, wasps and birds respectively. For the reason of time restraint in this study area, farther study on the driving force of challenge and opportunity of beekeeping is suggested by monitoring throughout the year. Keywords: Honeybees, opportunity, constraint, Oromia ...

ANALYSIS OF THE KNOWLEDGE FROM DIABETICS ABOUT SAFETY OF ADMINISTRATION, PACKAGING AND DISPOSAL OF INSULIN IN THE OUTPATIENT PHARMACY AT A PHILANTHROPIC HOSPITAL IN RECIFE, STATE OF PERNAMBUCO

Research Article of International Research Journal of Diabetes and Metabolism ANALYSIS OF THE KNOWLEDGE FROM DIABETICS ABOUT SAFETY OF ADMINISTRATION, PACKAGING AND DISPOSAL OF INSULIN IN THE OUTPATIENT PHARMACY AT A PHILANTHROPIC HOSPITAL IN RECIFE, STATE OF PERNAMBUCO Flávia Patrícia Morais de Medeiros1 *, Maria Nelly Sobreira de Carvalho Barreto2, Ítala Morgânia Farias da Nóbrega2, Jesse José da Silva3, Wellington Claudino da Silva4, e Dayana Maria da Silva4 1Farmacêutica – Coordenadora do Curso de Farmácia da Faculdade Pernambucana de Saúde (FPS), 2Tutora do Curso de Farmácia da FPS, 3Egresso do Curso de Farmácia da FPS e Estudante PIBIC-CNPq IMIP (2015-2016) e, 4Egresso do Curso de Farmácia da FPS Objective: In order to analysis some aspects about the knowledge from diabetics patients related to therapy with insulin it was performed an observational, descriptive and cross-sectional study in the outpatient pharmacy at a hospital in Recife. Methods: This study was between February and May 2016, and involved 60 diabetics patients that were interviewed by a semi-structured questionnaire. Results: Some positive results included: self-monitoring of blood glucose, handling and application method, however there was little knowledge about sharpener disposal. Conclusion: This study provided subsidies to identify some of the main user needs in order to guide orientations regarding the accomplishment of educational activities in the service. Keywords:  Diabetes Mellitus; Patient Safety; Insulin; Needles; Syringes ...

An accessory aberrant testicular artery branching from the inferior suprarenal artery: embryologic and genetic consideration

Case Report of International Journal of Case Reports An accessory aberrant testicular artery branching from the inferior suprarenal artery: embryologic and genetic consideration Maryna Kornieieva, Sayeh Nabati, Brooke Mower 1PhD, MD, Anatomy, Histology, and Embryology Department, American University of Caribbean School of Medicine, Sint Maarten; 24th year student of the American University of Caribbean School of Medicine, Sint Maarten. During routine educational dissection of a cadaver (61-year-old, male, white descent), multiple aberrant right testicular artery and veins were discovered. Detailed analysis of the abdominal vascular pattern showed that the accessory aberrant testicular artery branched off the right inferior suprarenal artery. It crossed the anterior pararenal space, gave several branches to the soft tissues of the posterior pararenal space, and descended towards the deep inguinal ring. The accessory aberrant testicular vein accompanied the aberrant artery and was drained by the right inferior suprarenal vein into the renal one. Two other testicular veins followed a typical course and opened into the inferior vena cava. The anatomical variability reported in this paper requires attention of the related specialists, as it may significantly complicate surgical and minimally invasive procedures on the organs of the retroperitoneal space and inguinal region. Thorough preoperative investigation regarding the variability of the vascular pattern should be conducted in patients considered for intervention on the adrenal gland, kidney, or testis. Keywords: testicular artery, testicular vein, inferior suprarenal artery, embryogenesis, molecular regulation of angiogenesis ...

EXECUTIVE FUNCION: COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT, ADOLESCENCE AND DRUG ABUSE

Review Article of International Journal of Bioscience and Medicine EXECUTIVE FUNCTION: COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT, ADOLESCENCE AND DRUG ABUSE Aparecido Jonanthan Mandú de Araújo¹*, Caio Matheus Santos da Silva Calado¹, Danielle Dutra Pereira¹, Juliana Marina Campelo² e Jennifer Hellen Melo Sobral². ¹ Universidade Federal de Pernambuco.² Centro Universitário Maurício de Nassau. Introduction: Neuroscience brings advances and revelations of specificities and functionalities of the nervous system, contributing to the understanding of the exposure influences of neuroanatomic structures in various physiological and behavioral factors. Given this, it is known that executive functions are modeled as the most diverse forms of social interaction and are closely linked to the prefrontal lobe. These skills are consolidated only in adulthood. In this sense, the nervous system in adolescence is subject to changes in its development for social and cultural reasons. Objective: In this sense, the aim of this study is to analyze the use and abuse of recreational drugs that act on the nervous system and their influence on executive functions and cognitive development during adolescence. Methodology: The methodology used was a literature review of the integrative type in the PUBMED and ScieELO databases published in the last 10 years. Results and discussions: The use of alcohol, marijuana and inhalants are causative agents of cognitive impairment, especially in processing speed and response and working memory during adolescence, but results are still controversial as information such as dosage is lacking. , time of use and time of abstinence of users. Final Considerations: The results showed controversies in the performance of these substances in neurobiological bases and their long term damages; Therefore, further longitudinal studies are needed to monitor the cognitive development of these diseases and cognitive impairment and its consequences in adulthood. Keywords: Neurophychology. Cognitive Desenveloped. Executive System. Drug ...

THE INFLUENCE OF EMOTIONS IN LEARNING, FOCUSING ON ANXIETY

Research Article of International Journal of Behavioral and Brain Science THE INFLUENCE OF EMOTIONS IN LEARNING, FOCUSING ON ANXIETY Julliana Carvalho Rocha *; Brendda Juliane ; Lais Maria²; Rebeca Gomes²; Marta Gerusa Soares de Lucena. Graduating in the Biological Sciences degree from the Federal University of Pernambuco. Graduating in the course of Dentistry by the Federal University of Pernambuco. Graduated in Zootecnia from the Federal Rural University of Pernambuco; Master's degree in Zootecnia from the Federal Rural University of Pernambuco; PhD in PhD Program integrated in Zootecnia by UFRPE. This expanded summary is a research carried out at the Federal University of Pernambuco, addressing the theme of anxiety in learning. A survey was conducted with four questions for one hundred students from the Humanity, Exacts, Health and Nature areas, questioning them about their emotions in the school year, in order to reach the conclusion of how much the anxiety influences the learning process. Keywords: Anxiety. Students. Learning. Emotions ...

Uncovering the Human Insecurities and Coping Strategies of Indoor Sex Workers

Review Article of International Journal of Social Research Uncovering the Human Insecurities and Coping Strategies of Indoor Sex Workers Belay Asmare Woldia University, Department of Political Science and International Relations The purpose of this article is to explore the human insecurities of indoor sex workers and coping strategies they use to reduce their insecurities of different kind in the case of Woldia Town. The article employed 10 purposively selected indoor sex workers for in-depth interviews and four key informants (2pimps: owners of the bar house and 2 NGOs working on sex workers) as a key informant interviewee. In addition, one FGD was held with indoor sex workers to elicit group ideas about the issue. The article revealed that indoor sex workers are found to be faced with different human insecurities in their work and coping strategies that they are using to reduce their security threats. In general, the study conclude that indoor sex workers are at a high risk of insecurities therefore serious attention must be paid in order to address this problem and it suggests that the government, police department, NGO projects and the community are expected to do a lot to reduce the problem. Keywords: Coping Strategies, Human Insecurities, Indoor Sex workers ...