Factors Affecting the Utilization of Antenatal Care among Pregnant Women in Moba Lga of Ekiti State, Nigeria
Research Article of International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine Factors Affecting the Utilization of Antenatal Care among Pregnant Women in Moba Lga of Ekiti State, Nigeria Owoseni Joseph Sina Department of Sociology, Ekiti State University Ado Ekiti, Nigeria. This study investigated factors that influence Utilization of antenatal cares among pregnant women in Moba Local Government Area of Ekiti state. Descriptive research design was used for the study. The population for the study consisted of all pregnant women who are receiving antenatal cares in maternity centres and hospitals in Moba Local Government Area of Ekiti State. The Simple random sampling technique was used to select the sample. This study concluded that knowledge and attitude of pregnant women towards the utilization of an antenatal care services are encouraging and determine to a large extent their interest in using the services. It was recommended that government should endeavour to provide both human and material resources needed for effective utilization of antenatal care services and the services should be made completely free so that women from low socio-economic statuses would be able to assess it. Keywords: Utilization, Antenatal Care, Pregnancy, Women, Ekiti ...
Utilization, Antenatal Care, Pregnancy, Women, Ekiti
Insecticidal Efficacy of Plumeria Species Leaf Extract on Two Economically Important Insects Populations: Mosquito (Anopheles) and Bean Weevils (Callosobruchus Maculatus)
Research Article of Journal of Herbal Medicine Research Insecticidal Efficacy of Plumeria Species Leaf Extract on Two Economically Important Insects Populations: Mosquito (Anopheles) and Bean Weevils (Callosobruchus Maculatus) Aguoru, C. U.*, Offia, K.L. and Olasan, J. O. Department of Biological Sciences, University of Agriculture, Makurdi. Nigeria. Review method: Single-blind; Peer reviewer comments: 1. Insecticidal efficacy of two Plumeria species (P. rubra and P. obtusa) foliar extracts was tested on mosquito and beans weevil populations. The extent of efficacy was analysed using linear regression model. The aim was to determine if the plant, as a safer biological control method, could possibly solve the problem of increasing populations of these insects implicated in malaria ailment and food shortages respectively. Completely randomized experimental designs were set up with 4 interaction effects. Each treatment had 5 levels of concentration applied on the test organism and replicated 4 times. Number of dead organisms was recorded at a constant time interval. Percentage mortality was computed at 48hrs. Correlation coefficient R and Coefficient of determination R2 were computed. Equations connecting the dependent variable (mortality) and independent variable (extract concentration) were formulated with corresponding t-values at 95% confidence interval. Residual statistics was also computed. Explanatory power of the extract-mortality model was depicted by analysis of variance. Reliability Statistics of the overall result was tested using the Cronbach's Alpha. As a result, P. obtusa yielded mosquito mortality rate of 86.2% while P. rubra was 88.75%. P. obtusa and P. rubra accounted for 90% and 95% weevil mortality respectively. Correlation coefficients were very high (Plumeria–mosquito =0.970; Plumeria-weevil =0.968) yielding high coefficients of determination R2 (94% and 93.7% respectively). The two linear regression equations thus allows for accurate predictability of the mortality rate of the insects with 95% confidence limit. Mosquito mortality rate= -7.812 + 38.875 x (Extract concentration). Weevil mortality rate=-4.875 + 39.250 x (Extract concentration). The explanatory power ...
Plumeria, foliar extract, efficacy, insecticidal, regression analysis, mosquito, weevils
Popularization of traditional and complementary medicine: Urging voluminous effort driving towards scientific evaluation of safety and efficacy
Review Article of International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine Popularization of traditional and complementary medicine: Urging voluminous effort driving towards scientific evaluation of safety and efficacy Papiya Bigoniya Principal, Radharaman College of Pharmacy, Ratibad, Bhopal, 462002, M.P., India Traditional medicines are widely used in developing countries with fast gaining popularity all over the world. Traditional medicine practices has long historical background that passes on from generation to generation. The quantity and quality, safety and efficacy of traditional medicine has became a worldwide concern emphasizing the need to develop harmonized international standards. The global market for herbal remedies is about $83 billion and growing at 10 to 20 percent yearly with the top global players like Germany, Asia, Japan, Europe and North America. Traditional therapies have a popular perception lower adverse effects rate as consumers perceive that natural sourced products are less likely to cause problems. The common causes of herbal product related adverse reaction occurrence are use toxic herbs, overdose, drug–herb interactions and idiosyncratic reactions. Herbal are mostly used over the counter without knowledge or advice of practitioner rising safety concern. Quality issues of traditional products are due to improper processing, adulteration, misidentification, missing of one or more herbs in a product, substitution, inclusion of prescription drugs, contamination and variability in active ingredient. Scientific study to assess safety and efficacy, composition, dosage form requirements are need of the time. Regulations governing the safety, quality and efficacy of traditional and complementary therapies vary widely from country to country and many countries do not have formal system for traditional and complementary medicine registration. Implementation of good manufacturing practice in cultivation, harvesting and processing along with chromatographic fingerprinting will greatly contribute to quality control of traditional medicines. Rigorous research is required for preclinical safety-efficacy, toxicology and clinical trials of traditional and complementary medicine. Boosting ...
Traditional medicine, Complementary medicine, Scientific evaluation of safety and efficacy.
Study on Vegetative Propagation using bulbs of Wild onion [Urginea indica (Roxb.) Kunth] in Herbal Garden for Ex-situ conservation
Research Article of Journal of Herbal Medicine Research Study on Vegetative Propagation using bulbs of Wild onion [Urginea indica (Roxb.) Kunth] in Herbal Garden for Ex-situ conservation D. K. Patel* Department of Rural Technology, Guru Ghasidas Vishwavidyalaya, (A Central University), Bilaspur, 495009, Chhattisgarh, India. Review method: Single-blind; Peer reviewer comments: 1. Plants are showing variable tendency in their morphological structure and also in their habit, habitat and presence in nature. These are also performing a major role in construction of biodiversity in certain ecological areas. Fr seasonal appearances in nature plants are showing diversity in their propagation rate and modes. Seeds are important structure developed after fertilization in plants but the plants which does not includes seeds in their life are well potent to propagate using their vegetative parts and/or by the modified structures like bulb, tuber, rhizome etc. Wild onion [Urginea indica (Roxb.) Kunth] includes bulbs inside of soil which after maturation produces many small bulbs. These adventitious buds are separated from mother bulb carefully without damage the bulbs and are used as a plant source to develop new individuals of this plant. The current experiment was done in prepared poly bags (filled with soil, sand and manure mixture equally) followed by the proper supply of the water. During of the experimentation necessary facilities provided as per need of the developing bulbs to convert in to new plant. Above rapid propagation was made in herbal garden aimed for its propagation as well as for ex-situ conservation. Keywords: Urginea indica (Roxb.) Kunth, Bulb, Vegetative propagation, Herbal garden, Ex-situ conservation ...
Urginea indica (Roxb.) Kunth, Bulb, Vegetative propagation, Herbal garden, Ex-situ conservation
Evaluation of ameliorative potential of isolated flavonol fractions from Thuja occidentalis in lung cancer cells and in Benzo(a)pyrene induced lung toxicity in mice
Research Article of International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine Evaluation of ameliorative potential of isolated flavonol fractions from Thuja occidentalis in lung cancer cells and in Benzo(a)pyrene induced lung toxicity in mice Avinaba Mukherjee1, Sourav Sikdar1 and Anisur Rahman Khuda-Bukhsh1* 1Cytogenetics and Molecular Biology Laboratory, Department of Zoology, University of Kalyani, Kalyani-741235, West Bengal, India. Review method: Single-blind; Peer reviewer comments: 2. Relative anticancer potentials of six flavonol fractions (F1-F6) isolated from Thuja occidentalis extract were first evaluated against lung cancer cells A549 in vitro, and fraction- F4 showing the maximum protective ability, was then tested in mice intoxicated with Benzo(a)pyrene (BaP), a known carcinogen with major effect on lung, to learn if this could also have ameliorative action against lung toxicity and tissue damage in mice in vivo. Chemical nature of F1-F6 fractions was confirmed with specific flavonol confirmatory test and mass spectral analysis; all fractions were tested for their possible anticancer effects against A549 cells. Results suggested that fraction 4 (F4) had the strongest anticancer effect. When treated to BaP intoxicated mice, F4 induced recovery of damaged lung tissue, presumably through inhibition of ROS generation, and enhanced production of major antioxidant molecules, that in turn blocked PI3K-activated expressions of Akt. Decrease in Bcl2/Bax ratio, over-expression of p53 gene and activation of caspase 3 were observed in tissues of F4 treated mice, further confirming apoptotic cell death as its major target. The F4 fraction of Thuja occidentalis extract showed remarkable apoptotic potential against lung cancer cells and ameliorative ability against BaP induced lung toxicity. Keywords: Flavonol; benzo[a]pyrene toxicity; lung toxicity; PI3K/Akt pathway; reactive oxygen species (ROS), Thuja occidentalis ...
Flavonol; benzo[a]pyrene toxicity; lung toxicity; PI3K/Akt pathway; reactive oxygen species (ROS), Thuja occidentalis.
Review Article of Journal of Herbal Medicine Research Bak Foong Pill and Bak Foong Capsule Siyao Ma* Shen Zhen Tian Yue Pharmaceutical Co. ,LTD., Shenzhen, Guangdong, China Review method: Single-blind; Peer reviewer comments: 1. ABSTRACT Bak Foong pill is a well known prescription to treat gynecological disorders in China. It comprises with more than 20 Chinese herbs including Wuji, Antler, Turtle Shell, Oysters, Sang Cuttlebone, Ginseng, Astragalus, Angelica, White Peony Root, Cyperus, Aspartame, Licorice, Rehmannia, Chuanxiong, silver Bupleurum, Salvia, Yam and Gorgon et al.. Based on the theory of Chinese Medicine, its indications include Qi and blood deficiency, frail, weak waist, irregular menstruation and uterine bleeding vaginal discharge. Previous studies mainly focused on reporting Bak Foong pill. In this review, we will introduce Bak Foong capsule, a new type of Bak Foong preparation, and compare the difference between Bak Foong Pill and Bak Foong capsule based on their prescription composition, indications and modern clinical application. In conclusion, Bak Foong capsule has the same function as Bak Foong pill although Bak Foong capsule has less Chinese herbs. More studies on Bak Foong capsule will help us treat diseases like uterine bleeding vaginal discharge and know the possible difference between Bak Foong pill and Bak Foong capsule. Keywords: Bak Foong Pill, Bak Foong capsule, Wujibaifeng pill, Wujibaifeng capsule ...
Bak Foong Pill, Bak Foong capsule, Wujibaifeng pill, Wujibaifeng capsule