A Study on Bird Diversity and Abundance in a Lowland of the Centre Region of Cameroon (Ekoko II village) confirm High Diversity in the Congo Basin Forest and a Greater Dominance in the Distribution of Species in the Lowlands
Research Article of International Journal of Animal Research A Study on Bird Diversity and Abundance in a Lowland of the Centre Region of Cameroon (Ekoko II village) confirm High Diversity in the Congo Basin Forest and a Greater Dominance in the Distribution of Species in the Lowlands Billy. Nguembock1, 2,*, Hervé. Nkingop Djopmou1, Sali. Mahamat1, Esther Diane Olivia. Azang1 1Laboratory of Zoology, Ornithology Unit, Department of Animal Biology and Physiology, University of Yaounde I, P. O. Box 812 Yaounde, Cameroon; 2Department of biological sciences, University of Montreal, C.P. 6128, succursale of Center of town, Montreal, QC, H3C 3J7, Canada Cameroon is one of the six Congo Basin Forest countries. The Centre region of Cameroon (Central Africa) is a relictual site in which several expeditions by naturalist ornithologists have permitted to describe many new birds’ specimens. Only in recent years, very few bird surveys have been conducted in this area to get an idea about the new or old taxa that make up this region. We conducted a bird survey in a locality of the Centre region of Cameroon, Nsimalen district of Mfou (more precisely in the Ekoko II village) to investigate the avifauna as well as to explore the abundance, diversity and distribution and eventually their reasons. To obtain the abundance of bird species, we used the mist-netting method and captured birds during eleven months. In order to analyse diversity and distribution of this avifauna in their life environment, we performed analyses with SAS/STAT and PAST software. We caught 227 individuals belonging to 24 birds’ families. Compared with previous surveys in this region, we newly recorded one family (Phylloscopidae), one genus (Phylloscopus) and two species: Phylloscopus bonelli and Criniger ndussumensis. In the Ekoko II avifauna, many are sedentary but there is also a great mixture of birds described as seasonal ...
bird survey, Congo Basin Forest, mist-netting method, diversity and distribution analyses, diversity index, vegetation
Research Article of Research Journal of Pharmacology and Pharmacy Anti-inflammatory Activity of Saccharum Officinarum Linn (Poaceae) Juice in Animal Models Agbaje Esther Oluwatoyin, Ayinla Adebola Christina, **Ujomo Tejumade Department Of Pharmacology, Therapeutics & Toxicology, College Of Medicine, University Of Lagos; **Department Of Pharmacology And Therapeutic, University Of Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria. Saccharum officcinarum (SOC) juice has been used for treatment and management of several conditions including urinary tract infection, diabetes, constipation, tooth decay and bad breath according to folklore. This study was carried out to explore the anti-inflammatory effects of the juice of Saccharum officinarum in doses of 2.5, 5.0, 10.0 and 20.0 mL/kg using the following models in rats - carrageenan, histamine, serotonin, formalin-induced paw oedema, and cotton-pellet granuloma. Also employing the following models in mice - castor oil-induced diarrhea and xylene-induced ear oedema. Animals were pretreated with aspirin (100 mg/kg; p.o), cyproheptadine (10 mg/kg; p.o.), atropine (1 mg/kg p.o), dexamethasone (5 mg/kg; p.o.) and celecoxib (20 mg/kg p.o.). Oral administration of SOC juice significantly (p<0.001) reduced the right hind paw circumference induced by carrageenan, histamine, serotonin and formalin compared to control group. Furthermore, it inhibited xylene-induced ear oedema with peak effect at 20 mL/kg, as well as castor oil-induced diarrhea and cotton pellet granuloma with peak effect at 10 mL/kg. The anti-inflammatory activities of SOC were significant (p<0.05) when compared with aspirin, cyproheptadine and dexamethasone. The study revealed the potent anti-inflammatory activities of the juice of S. officinarum. Keywords: Saccharum officinarum, anti-inflammatory, carrageenan, aspirin, histamine, rat ...
Saccharum officinarum, anti-inflammatory, carrageenan, aspirin, histamine, rat
Study the Role of Combined M2-Pyruvate kinase, Calprotectin and Occult Blood Test as Fecal Biomarkers for Early Detection of Colorectal Cancer
Research Article of Open Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Study the Role of Combined M2-Pyruvate kinase, Calprotectin and Occult Blood Test as Fecal Biomarkers for Early Detection of Colorectal Cancer Atef Abo El-Soud Ali1, Ahmed Abo Zaid Ahmed2, Mohamed Gamal El Helbawy3, Huda Saad Elmehily4, Emad Mohamed Salem5 1Proffessor of Tropical Medicine(Menoufia University), 2Lecturer of Tropical Medicine(Menoufia University), 3Lecturer of clinical Pathology(Menoufia University) 4Tropical Medicine Department (Menoufia University), 5Head of Gastroenterology department of NJCH ( New Jeddah Clinic Hospital ) KSA Background and study aim: One of the main requirements of biomarkers for detecting CRC is that it must allow detection of the disease at earlier stages. The current study is designed to investigate the role of combined M2-Pyruvate kinase, Calprotectin, and Fecal occult blood test measurements as fecal diagnostic biomarkers for early detection of colorectal cancer. Patients & Methods: Total number of 72 subjects (48 patients and 24 healthy controls) were included in the study. Patients with cancer colon and patients with organic non-malignant colorectal lesions were recruited from Oncology and Gastroenterology Outpatient Clinics and Inpatient Department Menoufia University Hospital. Results: There was a highly significant difference between studied groups regarding age and gender (P> 0.001), cancer colon was higher among old age (mean ± SD is 58.96±6.3) and males (70.8%), There was a highly significant difference between studied groups regarding Hb, CRP and ESR (P >0.001); lowest Hb level was detected in cancer group (8.7±1.7). On the other hands highest CRP and ESR levels were in cancer group (7.29±4.47) and (14.71±6.19) respectively. There was a significant difference between studied groups regarding platelets (P >0.05); lowest platelet number was detected in cancer group (272.4±66.9). There was non-significant difference between studied groups regarding WBCs (P <0.05); highest WBCs number was detected in cancer group (8.05±2.3), There was a highly significant ...
M2-Pyruvate kinase, Calprotectin, Occult Blood Test, Fecal Biomarkers, Early Detection of Colorectal Cancer
Research Article of International Journal of Psychological Research and Reviews Suspicious Jealousy Is Related to Anxious Attachment and Is Mediated By Fear of Intimacy Gabriel Dominguez-Pereira, PhD1, Tiffany Field, PhD1,2, James Vivian, PhD1, Sybil L. Hart, PhD3 and Debra Bendell, PhD1 1Fielding Graduate University; 2University of Miami School of Medicine; 3Texas Tech University Relationships between insecure attachment (anxious and avoidant), fear of intimacy and romantic jealousy (suspicious and reactive) were explored in this study. The Experiences in Close Relationships Questionnaire, the Fear-of-Intimacy Scale, and the Multidimensional Jealousy Scale were administered to a sample of 210 ethnically diverse adults via Qualtrics Panels. Anxious attachment, fear of intimacy, and suspicious jealousy were positively correlated. Conversely, negative associations were noted between avoidant attachment and reactive jealousy, and between fear of intimacy and reactive jealousy. Mediation analysis revealed that fear of intimacy mediated the effect of anxious attachment on suspicious jealousy and marginally mediated the effect of avoidant attachment on suspicious jealousy. These results are consistent with the transactional model of jealousy and they uniquely specify that fear of intimacy is a significant mediator of the relationship between anxious attachment and suspicious jealousy. Keywords: reactive jealousy, suspicious jealousy, anxious attachment, avoidant attachment, fear of intimacy, romantic jealousy ...
reactive jealousy, suspicious jealousy, anxious attachment, avoidant attachment, fear of intimacy, romantic jealousy.
Significance of nutritional treatment for patients with inflammatory bowel disease in the era of biologics
Review Article of Open Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Significance of nutritional treatment for patients with inflammatory bowel disease in the era of biologics Yoshihiro Yokoyama, Tomoya Iida, Hiroshi Nakase Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Sapporo Medical University, School of Medicine, Minami 1-jo Nishi 17-chome, Chuo-ku, Sapporo, Hokkaido, 060-8556, Japan, Phone: +81-11-611-2111 Fax: +81-11-611-2282 Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), including ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease (CD), is a chronic gastrointestinal tract inflammatory disorder. Although its etiology remains unknown, it has been reported that nutrition is involved in the onset of IBD. Patients with IBD often experience malnutrition due to malabsorption and increased energy requirements. Malnutrition is a serious issue for patients with IBD, especially in young people. Growth retardation characterized by delayed skeletal maturation and onset of puberty is a representative complication. In addition, immunosuppression, osteoporosis, and sarcopenia are important issues. Functional foods and diets have been known to alleviate gastrointestinal inflammation by modulating inflammatory cytokines. Furthermore, appropriate nutritional treatment has been reported to be effective on the induction and maintenance of remission in patients with IBD, especially with CD. Conversely, there are negative reports regarding the efficacy of nutritional therapy in patients with IBD. Recently, various new therapeutic agents such as biologics have emerged as key drugs in IBD treatment. In this new era, the efficacy of nutritional treatment, including combination therapy with biologics, should be reconsidered to improve the quality of life in patients with IBD. In this review, the nutritional treatment for patients with IBD is reviewed, and the latest evidence is provided. Supported by Health and Labour Sciences Research Grants for research on intractable diseases from the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare of Japan (Investigation and Research for intractable Inflammatory Bowel Disease), and Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research (KAKENHI) ...
Inflammatory bowel disease; ulcerative colitis; Crohn’s disease; nutrition; biologics
Libraries and Mobile Technologies: An Assessment of the Deployment of Mobile Technologies in Libraries
Research article of Global Journal of Library and Information Science Libraries and Mobile Technologies: An Assessment of the Deployment of Mobile Technologies in Libraries Hudron K. Kari Federal University Otuoke In this study, the researcher examined the views of library users and professional regarding the deployment of mobile technologies in libraries. The researcher tested five hypotheses to achieve the study objectives. The survey research design was used for the study. A total of 250 library users and 250 library professionals took part in the study. The questionnaire served as the instrument for data collection. Both descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyse the results of the study. All the five assumptions were not supported (p>0.05). Therefore, the researchers conclude that both library users an professionals are aware of mobile technologies, ready to apply them in library services, and are influenced by perceived ease of use and perceived usefulness. The practical and theoretical implications of the results have been explored. Keywords: library, mobile technologies, professionals, users ...
library, mobile technologies, professionals, users.