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Study of the effect of sofosbuvir and daklatasivir on respiratory system in patients with chronic hepatitis C

Research Article of Open Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Study of the Effect of Sofosbuvir and Daklatasivir on Respiratory System in Patients with Chronic Hepatitis C Alaa Aboud1, Laila anwer2, Mohammed soliman3 1Department of Tropical Medicine, Beni-Suef University Faculty of Medicine, Benisuef 62511, Egypt; 2Department of Chest, Beni-Suef University Faculty of Medicine; 3Department of radiology,Beni suef university faculty of medicine Background: The aim is to study effect of sofosbuvir and daklatasivir on respiratory system. Patient and methods: A randomized study was done after all patients gave an informed consent before the start. The study population consists of 21 patients receiving treatment of HCV coming to the outpatient clinic of beni suef university hospital. Results: There is no major adverse effect of sofosbuvir and daklatasivir on respiratory system as proved by assessment of pulmonary function and Computed tomography before and after treatment. Keywords: Hepatitis C, DAAs, Chest ...

Systematic Review of Attention Testing in Allegedly “Untestable” Populations

Review Article of International Journal of Psychological Research and Reviews Systematic Review of Attention Testing in Allegedly “Untestable” Populations Verônica M. Rosário, Cristiano Mauro A. Gomes and Cybelle Maria V. Loureiro Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brasil Test use is extremely important, not only for clinical practice, but also for scientific research. Nonetheless, some populations have been considered “untestable”. Among the different cognitive abilities assessed using tests, attention is a fundamental one. The present study presents a systematic review of the literature on attention testing in people with Intellectual Disability or Autism Spectrum Disorder, in order to identify: (1) if there are any tests that are fit to assess these populations; (2) which adaptations would be necessary for such tests to become fit; and (3) what limits and needs are involved. Our literature review identified 39 studies (review papers and empirical studies), all of which concern the administration of attention tests for people with Intellectual Disability or Autism Spectrum Disorder. The selected papers are presented and discussed from two analysis categories: (a) tests, attention abilities, and populations under study; (b) procedures and adaptations made to the testing settings. We identified 72 attention tests, where the majority of the groups of participants in the studies that were analyzed presented mild symptoms. The main adaptations done to the tests refer to strategies used to assist the comprehension of tasks, to communicate instructions, to assure engagement during the procedure, and ways to emit answers. The implications of our results are discussed. Verônica Magalhães Rosário, Departamento de Instrumentos e Canto, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Brasil; Cristiano Mauro Assis Gomes, Departamento de Psicologia, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Brasil; Cybelle Maria Veiga Loureiro, Departamento de Instrumentos e Canto, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Brasil. The Second author earns a Research Productivity Fellowship ...

Impact of Implementing IPSAS on Public Organizations in Lebanon: An Empirical Study

Research Article of Global journal of Economics and Business Administration Impact of Implementing IPSAS on Public Organizations in Lebanon: An Empirical Study Hasan El-Mousawi1 and Amar Sayed-Ahmad2 1Associate Professor, Lebanese University 2Instructor, Lebanese University Reform in the public sector organizations starts with reforming the accounting information system. The idea of reform boosted the attempts of certain countries to take steps toward developing the accounting systems in their managements in order to improve their efficiency and to cope with the fast political and economic changes in addition to satisfying the public opinion about getting better services. International organizations, including the International Monetary Fund (IMF) have realized the importance of improving the efficiency of the public sector to improve development rates in developing countries and to get international grants and loans. Thus, a unified way to communicate among countries was needed. This study investigates the impact and impediments of implementing International Public Sector Accounting Standards (IPSAS) in Lebanon. The researchers adopted the analytical descriptive approach utilizing an empirical study. A questionnaire was constructed and distributed among a sample of Lebanese certified public accountants. The research yielded some important findings mainly that adopting and implementing IPSAS lead to the advancement in the qualitative characteristics of financial statements in public organizations in Lebanon. It also concluded that there are some obstacles in adopting and implementing IPSAS in public organizations in Lebanon. Keywords: public sector, financial statements, financial performance, public organizations, IPSAS ...

The Pharmacists in Ambulatory/Outpatient Care

Review Article of Journal of eSciences The Pharmacists in Ambulatory/Outpatient Care Abdul Kader Mohiuddin Department of Pharmacy, World University of Bangladesh, 151/8, Green Road, Dhanmondi, Dhaka – 1205, Bangladesh Ambulatory care pharmacy practice is defined as the provision of integrated, accessible healthcare services by pharmacists who are accountable for addressing medication needs, developing sustained partnerships with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. This is accomplished through direct patient care and medication management for ambulatory patients, long-term relationships, coordination of care, patient advocacy, wellness and health promotion, triage and referral, and patient education and self-management. The ambulatory care pharmacists may work in both an institutional and community-based clinic involved in direct care of a diverse patient population. A variety of specialty clinics are available for allergy and immunology, pulmonology, endocrinology, cardiology, nephrology, neurology, behavioral health, and infectious disease. Such services for this population may exist as a primary care clinic or an independent specialty clinic, typically in a PCMH, which is instrumental in coordinating care between various providers. Once a practice site is identified, it is important to establish a strong, trusting, and mutually beneficial relationship with the various decision-makers (e.g., administrators, providers) involved with the clinic. If pharmacy services are currently in existence, the pharmacy director may be able to identify and initially contact the appropriate person. If another pharmacist is providing clinical services, this person would be a resource to help determine areas for expansion of patient care and to whom to direct the proposed business plan. Additional individuals to consider as an initial point of contact include the clinic manager, clinic medical director, or administrative assistant to either of these persons. If the clinic setting is affiliated with a medical school, it may be necessary to contact the Department of Family Medicine head. Keywords: ...

Nutritional Value and Associated Potentials Risks of Seafood Consumption

Review Article of Journal of Theoretical and Applied Sciences Nutritional Value and Associated Potentials Risks of Seafood Consumption Abdul Kader Mohiuddin Department of Pharmacy, World University of Bangladesh, 151/8, Green Road, Dhanmondi, Dhaka – 1205, Bangladesh Seafood provides essential nutrients to the body. A study funded by CDC found that eating seafood for essential Omega-3 fatty acids can prevent 84,000 deaths each year [1-3]. According to a Harvard study, 3-ounce servings of fatty fish a week reduces the risk of dying from heart disease by nearly 40% [4]. Eating 8 two servings of fish per week during pregnancy can improve baby’s IQ, cognitive development, and eye health [5,6]. Older adults with the highest fish consumption live and average of 2.2 years longer [7]. But all these statements possess another side of the coin. Food-born poisoning, mercury-lead-arsenic-cadmium poisoning, exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) raised the issue of safety with aberrant consumption of seafoods. Seafood choices that are very low in mercury include: salmon, sardines, pollock, flounders, cod, tilapia, shrimp, oysters, clams, scallops and crab. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) have developed directions to help consumers minimize risks that could be associated with several pollutants (specially mercury) in seafood. Keywords:  Nutritional Value, Associated Potentials Risks, Seafood Consumption ...

Sunscreen and Coral Reef

Review Article of American Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences Sunscreen and Coral Reef AK Mohiuddin Department of Pharmacy, World University of Bangladesh Coral reefs also provide major essential benefits to people, like food production, tourism, biotechnology development, and coastal protection. While covering less than 1% of the ocean surface, coral reefs provide habitat for nearly one third of marine fish species as well as 10% of all fish captured for human consumption. In some situations, primarily related to the number of swimmers and the geography of the shoreline, concentrations of oxybenzone far exceed the levels shown to be harmful to corals [1]. Coral reefs consist of organisms in delicate equilibria that are susceptible to small changes in their surroundings. Recent natural and man-made disruptions, direct or indirect, such as changes in ocean temperature and chemistry, ingress of invasive species, pathogens, pollution and deleterious fishing practices, have been blamed for the poor health, or even the outright destruction, of some coral reefs [2]. Florida has the world’s third largest barrier reef, with nearly 1,400 species of plants and animals and 500 species of fish, but the reef is vanishing fast. Research has found that roughly half of the reef has disappeared over the past 250 years. Coverage of acropora, the primary genus of reef-building corals, has plummeted 97% [3]. In 2015, the nonprofit Haereticus Environmental Laboratory surveyed Trunk Bay beach on St. John, where visitors ranged from 2,000 to 5,000 swimmers daily, and estimated over 6,000 pounds of sunscreen was deposited on the reef annually. The same year, it found an average of 412 pounds of sunscreen was deposited daily on the reef at Hanauma Bay, a popular snorkeling destination in Oahu (Hawaii) that draws an average of 2,600 swimmers each day. Over the past three years, one - fifth ...