Advances in Research and Reviews


Carcass Quality, Nutrient Retention And Caeca Microbial Population Of Broiler Chicks Administered Rolfe (Daniellia Oliveri) Leaf Extract As An Antibiotic Alternative

Research Article of Advances in Research and Reviews Carcass Quality, Nutrient Retention And Caeca Microbial Population Of Broiler Chicks Administered Rolfe (Daniellia Oliveri) Leaf Extract As An Antibiotic Alternative Olafadehan, O.A. Oluwafemi, R.A and Alagbe, J.O* Department of Animal Science, University of Abuja The study was designed to evaluate the carcass quality, nutrient retention and caeca microbial population of broiler chicks administered Daniellia oliveri leaf extract (DOE) as an antibiotic alternative. A total of 250 – one-day-old broiler chicks (Ross 308) were allocated to five treatments in a completely randomized design and each treatment group was further sub-divided into five replicates containing ten (10) birds each. Treatment 1 (Control) was given 1.20 g/ liter of Neomycin in water, while treatments 2, 3, 4 and 5 were given DOE at 10 ml, 20 ml, 30 ml and 40 ml/liter of water respectively. Clean feed and water were supplied ad libitum throughout the experiment which lasted for 56 days. Data collected were used to determine the carcass quality, nutrient retention and caeca microbial population. Highest dressing percentage was recorded for birds in T5 (70.0%) followed by T4 (69.08 %), T3 (67.18 %), T2 (67.44 %) and T1 (65.0 %) respectively (P<0.05). Weights of liver, kidney, spleen, gizzard, heart, intestine and other primal cut parts were significantly influenced (P<0.05). Nutrient retained for dry matter, crude protein, crude fibre, ether extract and nitrogen free extract were significantly (P<0.05) different among the treatments. Feeding DOE at 40 ml/litre significantly (P<0.05) decreased the count of E.coli and other pathogenic organisms, lactobacillus count was significantly (P<0.05) highest for all treatments fed DOE compared to the control. It was concluded that feeding DOE up to 40 ml/litre could aid in the proliferation of Lactobacilli and does not have any deleterious effect on the performance, carcass quality of broiler ...

Performance, Haematology And Serum Biochemical Parameters Of Growing Grass Cutters (Thyronoyms Swinderianus) Fed Phyllantus Amarus And Pilogstigma Thonngii Leaf Meal Mixture As Partial Replacement For Soya Bean Meal

Research Article of Advances in Research and Reviews Performance, Haematology And Serum Biochemical Parameters Of Growing Grass Cutters (Thyronoyms Swinderianus) Fed Phyllantus Amarus And Pilogstigma Thonngii Leaf Meal Mixture As Partial Replacement For Soya Bean Meal 1*Alagbe, J.O., 2 Agubosi, O.C.P and 3 Liu, S.D 1, 3 Sumitra Research Institute 2 University of Abuja The objective of the present study was to evaluate the performance, haematology and se-rum biochemical parameters of growing grasscutters (Thrynomys swinderianus) fed Phyl-lantus amarus (PAM) and Pilogstigma thonngii leaf meal (PTM) mixture as partial re-placement for soya bean meal. A total of 35 weaned grasscutters of mixed sex between 5-6 weeks with an average weight of 436.1 and 437.0 g were divided into five groups of 7 animals each and randomly assigned to 5 experimental diets each animal served as a repli-cate in a completely randomized design. The dietary treatments include a control diet with no PATML, T2 (10.0% PATML), T3 (20.0 % PATML), T4 (30.0 % PATML) and T5 (40.0 % PATML) respectively. Feed and water were offered ad libitum throughout the experiment which lasted for 12 weeks. The data obtained was used to evaluate the growth, haematological parameters (PCV, RBC, Hb, MCV, MCH , MCHC, WBC and its differentials ), serum biochemical indices (Albumin, globulin, total protein, creatinine, cholesterol, calcium, phosphorus, ALP, AST and ALT) and fatty acid composition. Aver-age weight gain, average daily feed intake and feed conversion ratio were influenced by the dietary treatments (P<0.05). Haematological and serum parameters were significantly (P<0.05) different among the treatments and were within the normal physiological range for grasscutters. It could be concluded that replacement of soya meal with 40 % PATML does not have any deleterious effect on the performance and blood profile of the animal. Keywords: Weaner grasscutters; Phyllantus amarus; Pilogstigma thonngii; haematology ...

Assessment of Football Cooperation Performance Based on Evaluation Model: a Case Study of the Everton Team

Research Article of Advances in Research and Reviews Assessment of Football Cooperation Performance Based on Evaluation Model: a Case Study of the Everton Team Boying Lv1*, Yongxin Chen2, Jiatao Li1, Yishuai Tian1 1College of Hydraulic & Environmental Engineering, China Three Gorges University, Yichang 443002, China. 2College of Science, China Three Gorges University, Yichang, 443002, China. To comprehensively measure the effect of football team cooperation, this paper established a football team performance evaluation model and takes the performance of Everton F.C. in 2017 to 2018 season as an example. We selected 12 indicators from three aspects and use hierarchical clustering to divide the performance into four levels: very successful, relatively successful, unsuccessful and very failed. Then, we evaluated the performance of the team’s changes and focus on the opponent’s strategy indicators to analyze its impact. It is found that the reason for most of the failed games is that the team is affected by the away effect, the intra-team cooperation is not dominant and the opponent’s ability is strong, resulting in low CPI scores. At the end of the season, the influence of the opponent strategy on team performance becomes stronger and stronger. Keywords: Football team performance; Everton F.C.; Entropy weight method; Coefficient of variation method ...

Conflict Resolution Among The Gumuz Communities: Mangima Institution In The Twentieth Century

Review Article of Advances in Research and Reviews Conflict Resolution Among The Gumuz Communities: Mangima Institution In The Twentieth Century Bogale Aligaiz Agalu Agewmider Preparatory School, Department of History, Injibara This study critically inspected the Mangima conflict resolution within Gumuz society in Metekel Zone, Bineshangul Gumuz National Regional state, Ethiopia. Mangima institution played a significant role in resolving conflicts as well as contributed to the establishment of peaceful relations within Gumuz communities in each districts of region. Gumuz are one of the indigenous peoples have settled in the region. Their conflict was instigated by the problems related to marriage, abducting girls, elopement, adultery, incest, belief in evil eye, Gäfia (Witch doctor), deliberate killings for heroism, competitions over the use of land resources, insults and failure to pay back debts. The Gumuz inhabited areas of Metekel was purposively selected for this study. The data was collected using key informants interview and focus group discussion. Gumuz elders and local leaders that appointed during the regime were independently interviewed and focus group discussions attended by five groups through 20 peoples in each group on the issues of conflict generating practices and the role Mangima conflict resolution within Gumuz communities. The sources are critically collected, examined and then analyzed. The legitimacies of the sources are cross-checked one against the other. Keywords: Intra-Ethnic Conflict, Indigenous conflict resolution, Mangima institution ...

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Advances in Research and Reviews

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