Advances in Research and Reviews


Albizia Lebbeck Stem Bark Aqueous Extract As Alternative To Antibiotic Feed Additives In Broiler Chicks Diets: Haematology, Serum Indices And Oxidative Status

Research Article of Advances in Research and Reviews Albizia Lebbeck Stem Bark Aqueous Extract As Alternative To Antibiotic Feed Additives In Broiler Chicks Diets: Haematology, Serum Indices And Oxidative Status 1*Alagbe, J.O., Ajagbe A.D2., Attama Jeremiah 3., Philemon, K.C4 and Bello, Kamoru. A5 1Sumitra Research Institute; 2Kogi State University; 3 University of Nigeria; 4 University of Abuja; 5Al-Hikmah University Ilorin A total of Three hundred and seventy five (375) one day old (Ross 308) broiler chicks with mixed sex were used to examine the effects of Albizia lebbeck stem bark (ATSM) aqueous extract as alternative to antibiotic feed additives in broiler chicks diets: haematology, serum biochemical indices and oxidative status. Birds were divided to five treatments with five replicates of fifteen (15) birds in a completely randomized design. Treatment 1 (basal diet + 0 % ATSM), treatment 2 (basal diet +1.2 grams Oxytetracycline per litre of water), treatment 3 (basal diet + 10 ml ATSM per liter of water), treatment 4 (basal diet + 20 ml ATSM per litre of water) and treatment 5 (basal diet + 30 ml ATSM per liter of water) and the trial lasted for 56 days. Results on some haematological parameters revealed that red blood cell (RBC), pack cell volume (PCV), haemoglobin (Hb), mean corpuscular volume (MCV), mean corpuscular haemoglobin (MCH), mean corpuscular haemoglobin concentration (MCHC), white blood cell (WBC) and its differentials were significantly ((P<0.05) different among the treatments. Total protein, glucose, urea, cholesterol, creatinine, aspartate aminotransaminase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) were significantly ((P<0.05) affected by ATSM. Activities of superoxide dismutase (SDA), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), catalase (CAT) and malonyldialdehyde (MLA) were significantly influenced by ATSM (P<0.05). It was concluded that ATSM could be administered to broiler chicks at 30 ml/litre without any negative effect on the general performance of birds. Keywords: Albizia lebbeck; ...

PERFORMANCE, HAEMATOLOGY AND SERUM BIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS OF WEANER RABBITS FED DIFFERENT LEVELS OF FERMENTED LAGENARIA BREVLIFORA WHOLE FRUIT EXTRACT

Research Article of Advances in Research and Reviews PERFORMANCE, HAEMATOLOGY AND SERUM BIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS OF WEANER RABBITS FED DIFFERENT LEVELS OF FERMENTED LAGENARIA BREVLIFORA WHOLE FRUIT EXTRACT ALAGBE, J.O Sumitra Research Institute The objective of the present study was to investigate the performance, haematology and serum biochemical parameters of rabbits fed different levels of fermented Lagenaria brevlifora extract (LBE). A total of fifty (50) weaner rabbits aged 9-10 weeks with an aver-age weight of 405 ± 1.8 were allotted to five treatments with 5 replicates of two rabbit per replicate in a CRD. Treatment 1 was fed 0 ml LBE while 2, 3, 4 and 5 were fed LBE at 20ml, 40ml, 60ml and 80 ml per liter of water respectively and the experiment lasted for 12 weeks. The data obtained was used to evaluate the growth, haematological parameters (PCV, RBC, Hb, MCV, MCH , MCHC, WBC and its differentials ), serum biochemical indi-ces (Albumin, globulin, total protein, urea, creatinine, cholesterol, calcium, phosphorus, ALP, AST and ALT). Result obtained revealed that there was a significant differences (P<0.05) in the body weight gain with T1 (693.7g), T2 (799.3g), T3 (803.8g), T4 (895.1g) and T5 (895.0g) respectively. Similarly, average feed intake showed that T1 (52.86g), T2 (48.58g), T3 (48.57g), T4 (48.44g) and T5 (44.30g). T5 had the best FCR (3.5) followed by T4 (3.79), T3 (4.23), T2 (4.25) and T1 (5.33) respectively. Significant differences (P<0.05) were also obtained in the haematological and serum parameters. However, all values were within fall within the normal physiological range for a healthy rabbit. It was concluded that LBE could be given to rabbits at 80ml/litre without any deleterious effect on the blood pro-file and performance of the animal. Keywords: Lagenaria brevlifora; rabbits; performance; hematology; serum ...

PERFORMANCE, HAEMATO-BIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS OF BROILER CHICKS ADMINISTERED ROLFE (Daniellia oliveri) LEAF EXTRACT AS AN ANTIBIOTIC ALTERNATIVE

Research Article of Advances in Research and Reviews PERFORMANCE, HAEMATO-BIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS OF BROILER CHICKS ADMINISTERED ROLFE (Daniellia oliveri) LEAF EXTRACT AS AN ANTIBIOTIC ALTERNATIVE Olafadehan, O.A. Oluwafemi, R.A and Alagbe, J.O Department of Animal Science, University of Abuja The objective of the present study was to investigate the performance, haemato-biochemical parameters of broiler chicks administered Daniellia oliveri leaf extract (DOE) as an antibi-otic alternative. A total of 250 (Ross 308) one-day old broiler chicks were allotted to five treatments in a completely randomized design and each treatment group was further sub-divided into five replicates containing ten (10) birds each. Treatment 1 (Control) was given 1.20 g/ liter of Neomycin in water, while treatments 2, 3, 4 and 5 were given DOE at 10 ml, 20 ml, 30 ml and 40 ml/liter of water respectively. The experiment lasted for 8 weeks dur-ing which performance, hematology and serum parameters were recorded. Average daily gain (DWG) and feed conversion efficiency (FCE) were significantly influenced by the die-tary treatment (P<0.05). Average daily feed intake (AFI) and daily water consumption were not significantly different among the treatment (P>0.05). However, increasing the level of DOE from 10 ml to 40 ml/liter tend to decrease the AFI. Highest mortality was recorded in birds fed T1 (10%) followed by T2 (3%), T3 (1%) respectively, none was recorded in T4 and T5. Results on hematology revealed that there were significant differences (P<0.05) in the values of PCV, RBC, Hb, MCV, MCH, MCHC, WBC and its differentials. All results on the serum biochemical parameters were significantly different among the treatment (P<0.05) except for creatinine, total bilirubin, calcium, phosphorus, sodium and chloride ions which were not influenced (P>0.05) by dietary feeding of DOE. It was concluded that feeding birds DOE up to 40 ml/litre enhanced the overall performance and does not ...

Village Chicken Breeding Objectives and Trait Preferences of Chicken Producers

Research Article of Advances in Research and Reviews Village Chicken Breeding Objectives and Trait Preferences of Chicken Producers Birhan kassa1, Yosef Tadesse2, Wondmeneh Esatu3 and Tadelle Dessie3 1Andassa Livestock Research Center of Amhara Regional Agricultural Research Institute, P.o.box:27, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia 2Haramaya University College of Agriculture and Environmental Science, P.o.box:138, Haramaya, Ethiopia 3International Livestock Research Institute, P.o.box:5689, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia This study was carried out to generate baseline information on village chicken production objective, breeding practice and trait preference of chicken producers in South Achefre, Banija and FagitaLekoma districts of western Amhara. Multi-stage sampling procedures were employed to select the study villages and respondents, where nine villages and 180 respondents were selected by purposive and random sampling techniques, respectively. Data were collected by individual survey using Open Data Kit. The collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistics of SPSS version 20 and ranking index. The main purposes of keeping chicken in the study area are the sale of egg and live adult chicken and farmers have a multiple breeding practice. The exotic breed was the first priority of chicken producers. The three most preferred traits for the selection of breeding hen are egg production trait, disease resistance and mothering ability, while the three most preferred traits for the selection of breeding cock are body conformation/ physical appearance, body size and disease resistance. Comprehensible knowledge on breeding practices, objectives and trait preferences of chicken owners are crucial for the development of holistic and applicable genetic improvement programs. Hence, production objectives and trait preference should incorporate in designing genetic improvement breeding programs to assure sustainable utilization and improvement of indigenous chickens. Keywords: Breeding hen, Breeding practices, Breeding objectives, Trait preference ...

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Advances in Research and Reviews

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