Prevalence and economic significance of bovine fasciolosis in Bale Rural Abattoir of Essera Woreda, Dawuro Zone in SNNPRS, Ethiopia

Prevalence and economic significance of bovine fasciolosis in Bale Rural Abattoir of Essera Woreda, Dawuro Zone in SNNPRS, Ethiopia

Ataro Abera
Dawuro Zone, Livestock and Fishery Resource Development Department

American Journal of Agricultural Research

A cross sectional study on bovine fascioliasis was carried out at Bale Municipal abattoir, Southern Nation Nationality and Peoples Regional State (SNNPRS), from November 2016 to July 2017 with the aim of determining the prevalence, financial significance of fascioliasis and to determine the most prevalent species of liver fluke in cattle slaughtered at the study abattoir. Out of the total 385 cattle examined during the study period, 115 (29.9%) were positive for Fasciola infection on postmortem examination. The prevalence based on body condition of the animal was 60% in poor body condition, 22.2% in medium body condition and 21.1% in good body condition on abattoir survey. Fasciola hepatica was found to be the predominant Fasciola species affecting cattle slaughtered in the study area, 60% of the total livers positive for bovine fasciolosis where infected by Fasciola hepatica while 11.30% livers had Fasciola gigantica, 16.52% were infected by both species and 12.17% were infected by the immature fluke. Out of the total positive livers, 37.71% were affected lightly, 43.86% were affected moderately and 18.42% were affected severely. The financial loss due to liver condemnation was summarized 91942.5 Ethiopian Birr per annum.

Keywords: Bovine Fascioloss; Prevalence; Economic significance

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Ataro Abera. Prevalence and economic significance of bovine fasciolosis in Bale Rural Abattoir of Essera Woreda, Dawuro Zone in SNNPRS, Ethiopia. American Journal of Agricultural Research, 2019,4:37.


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