Research Article of American Journal of Agricultural Research
Biologic and Economic Effects of Replacing Maize with Maize sievate/Palm oil in Broiler bird diets
Nsa, E.E., Archibong, E. E. and Dauda, A
Department of Animal Science, University of Calabar, Calabar, Nigeria
A study aimed at replacing whole maize with maize sievate/palm oil in broiler diets was carried out to evaluate their economic and biological growth performance. Maize Sievate: Palm Oil mixture (40:1) was used to replace whole maize both in the starter and finisher diets at 0, 25, 50, 75 and 100% whole maize replacement levels. The experiment was laid out in a completely randomized design with five treatments; three replicates each comprising of 20 day – old broiler birds at the starter phase. These birds were re-randomized at the finisher phase, with each treatment having 54 birds (18 birds/replicate). The starter and finisher phases lasted 28 days each. The average daily feed intake in both phases were not significantly (P<0.05) different. The daily weight gain and the final live weight of birds during the starter phase on diets 1, 2 and 3 where similar but significantly (P<0.05) higher than birds on diets 4 and 5 in that order. At the finisher phase the same trend was observed except that the significant depression was only noticed with birds on diet 5. Feed conversion ratio values were similar across the treatment diets during starter and finisher phases except on treatment diet 5 where there was significant (P<0.05) depression. Protein efficiency ratio was not significantly affected across the treatments likewise digestibility estimates. Feed cost per kilogram feed consumed in both phases seems to decrease significantly (P<0.05) with increasing in the test material. Cost/kilogram weight gain(N) during the starter phase only showed decrease at 75 and 100% diets, while during the finisher phase the decrease only took place in T5( 100%). It could be concluded that maize sievate/palm oil mixture can replace up to 50% of maize during the starter phase and 75% during the finisher phase in broiler diets.
Keywords: Re-randomisation, digestibility estimates, cost per kilogram weight gain (N)
How to cite this article:
Nsa, E.E., Archibong, E. E. and Dauda, A. Biologic and Economic Effects of Replacing Maize with Maize sievate/Palm oil in Broiler bird diets. American Journal of Agricultural Research, 2019,4:50. DOI: 10.28933/ajar-2018-12-0508
1. A.O.A.C. 1990. Association of Official Analytical Chemists. Official Methods of Analysis 15th Ed. Washington D.C.
2. Afolayan, S. B. Dafwang, I. I., Tegbe, T. S. B. and Sekoni, A. 2012. Response of broiler chicken fed on maize-based diets substituted with graded levels of sweet potato meal. Asian Journal of Poultry, 6:15-22
3. Aina, A. B. J. 1990. Replacing maize with cassava peels in finisher rations of cockerels: The effect on cut up pieces of the eviscerated carcass. Nigerian Journal of Animal Production, 17: 17-22.
4. Bamgbose, A, M., Ogungbenro, S. D., Obasohan, E. E., Aruna, M. B.,Oteku, I. T., Igene, U. F., Otoikhian, C. S. O. and J. A. Imaseun 2004. Replacement value of maize sievate/cashew nut for maize in broiler diet. Proceedings of. 29th Annual. Conference of. Nigerian.Society of. Animal Production.29:219-221.
5. Daniel, W. W. 1991. Biostatistics: A Function for analysis in the health Sciences. Wisky and Sons, New york.
6. Durunna, C. S., Udedibie, A. B. I. and Anyanu, G. A. 1999. Combination of maize/sorgum dried brewers’ grain, cocoyam corb and cassava tuber meal as substitute for maize in the diets of laying hens. Journal of Agricultural Biotechnology and Environment 2:1-7.
7. Esonu, B. O. and Udedibie, A. B .1993 the effects of replacing maize with cassava peel meal on the performance of weaner rabbits. Nigerian Journal of Animal Production. 20:81-85.
8. Fanimo, A. O., Oduguwa, O. O., Jimoh, Y. O. & Farronbi, A. O. 2007. Performance and carcass evaluation of broiler chicks fed shrimp waste meal supplemented with synthetic amino acids. Nigerian Journal of Animal Production, 25(1): 17-21.
9. Faniyi, G. E. 1997. Effects of replacing maize with graded levels of mango seed kernel meal on the performance characteristics of broiler chicks and chicken. 32nd annual conference of NigerianSociety of Animal Production Proceedings.
10. MCnab, B. N. and Shannon, D. W. F. 1994. The nutritive value of barley, maize and ooats. Bri. Poult. Sci. 15:516-657.
11. Nsa, E. E., Isika, M. A. and Ozung, P. O. 2012 Replacement effect of maize with maize sievate and palm oil slurry supplemented with vitamin E on the growth performance, organs development and abdominal fat deposition. International Journal of Agriculture. Volume 4, number 3.
12. Nsa, E. E., Okon, B., AKpan, I. A., Anya, M., Woger, G. S. I., Edet, G. D., Okereke, C. O. & Juobi, V. I. 2009. Growth performance and economy of maize sievate as a replacement for maize in broiler finisher diet. Proceedings of 14th Annual Conference of Animal Science Association of Nigeria (ASAN), Ogbomoso, September 14-17, 2009.
13. Nsa, E. E., Ukachukwu, S. N., Akpan, I. A., Okon, B., Effiong, O. O. & Oko, O. O. K. 2010. Growth performance, internal organ development and hematological responses of broiler birds, fed diets containing different thermal treated castor oil seed meal (Ricinus communis). Global Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 9(2): 33-40.
14. Nworgu, F. C., Egbunike, G. N., IYayi, E. A, Adetoro, A. M. and J. B. Fapohunda 1999. Effects of replacement of groundnut cake with full fat exteuded soybean meal on broiler performance, In: the Nigerian livestock industry in the 21st century. Edited by Ologhobo, A. D. and Iyayi, E. A. pp.98-100.
15. Oke, D. B., Adeyemi, O. A. Oke, M. O. and Akinpeln, M. I. 2007. Utilization of citrus waste in broiler diets. 3nd Annual Conference of Nigerian Society of Animal Production Proceedings.
16. Oladunjoye, I. O., Amao, O. A., EMiola, I. A. and Adenola, O. A. 2003. Potential of cowpea testa meal as a substitute for maize in the diet of rabbit. Science Focus, 3: 6-10.
17. Oluokun, J. A. & Olaokun, E. A. 1999. The effect of graded levels of brewers spent grains and kola nut pod meal on the performance and carcass quality of broiler birds. Nigerian Journal of Animal Production, 26: 71-77.
18. Onifade, A. A. 1993. Comparative utilization of three dietary fibre sources by broiler chickens. Ph.D Thesis, University of Ibadan, Nigeria.
19. Oyawoye, E. O. & Nelson, F. S. 2002. Optimum level of inclusion of rice sievate in the diet of Young cockerels. Proceedings of the 20th Annual National Conference of the Nigerian Society for Animal Production, March 26-30, 1995. Minna, Niger State, Nigeria, pp. 263.
20. Oyebiyi, O. O., Farinu, G. O., Togun, V. A., AKinlade, J. A., Ajibola, H. O. & Olaniyonu, B. I. 2007. Studies on growth and haematological attributes of weaner rabbits fed graded levels of sundried cassava peel-blood meal mixture. Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Conference of the Nigerian Society for Animal Production. Calabar, March 18-21, 2007. Pp. 213-216.
21. Sogunle, O. M,. Fanimo, A. O., Abiola, S. S. and Bambbose, A. M. 2007. Growth response, body temperature and blood constituents of pullet chicks fed cassava peel meal supplemented with cashew nut reject meal. Nig. J. Anim. Prod. 34(1):32-44.
22. Steel, R. G. D. and Torrie, J. H. 1980. Principles and Procedures of Statistics. 2nd ed. McGrew Hill, N. Y.