Research Article of American Journal of Agricultural Research
Gender Differentials in Climate Change Adaptive Capabilities Among Small- scale Farmers in Abia State, Nigeria
Obinna, Leo. Oa.
aDepartment of Rural Sociology and Extension College of Agricultural Economics, Rural Sociology and Extension Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike
Gender differentials in climate change adaptive capabilities among small- scale farmers in Abia State was assessed using a sample size of 70 male and 70 female respondents generated via a multi- stage method. Data collected from the respondents through the use of questionnaire and interview schedule were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Z – Test analysis. Results showed 46 years and 44 years as the mean ages of male and female respondents respectively. About 29 %, 43 % and 21 % of the male respondents and 50 %, 36 % and 11 % of the female respondents were into farming, trading and other professions respectively. About 86 % of the male respondents and 69 % of the female respondents were literates and had mean monthly income of ₦32,871.143 and ₦28,642. 854. Result equally, shows a mean farm size of 1.7 and 1.3 hectares for the male and female respondents with mean years of farming experience of 11 years and 12 years respectively. About 57 %, 14, 12 and 7 % of male respondents acquired their farm lands through inheritance, lease, communal ownership, and outright purchase respectively as against 7 %, 57 %, 7 % and 29 % for the female respondents. About 90 % of the male respondents had between once every 2 years and once every 6 months of extension contacts as against 82 % of the female respondents. Also 86 % of the male respondents belonged to social associations as against 93 % of the female respondents. Result further shows that a high proportion (X ≥ 50 %) of male and female respondents have high level of awareness on adaptive measures but negative (X< 2.5) and low practice (X< 2.5) level of adaptive measures on climate change. The study equally shows that there is a remarkable difference between the male respondents’ attitude and practice levels and that of female respondents’ in the study area. Therefore the study concludes that there is gender differentials in climate change adaptive capabilities among small- scale farmers in Abia State. Hence, the study showed differences both in attitude and practice levels between male and female respondents in adaptive measures against the effects of climate change in the study area. The study recommends that government agencies and other stakeholders in climate change issues should involve both male and female respondents equitably in order to find a sustainable and location specific adaptive measures against the negative effects of climate change mostly in the study area.
Keywords: Gender Differentials, Climate Change and Abia State.
How to cite this article:
Obinna, Leo. Oa.. Gender Differentials in Climate Change Adaptive Capabilities Among Small- scale Farmers in Abia State, Nigeria. American Journal of Agricultural Research, 2019,4:54. DOI: 10.28933/ajar-2019-01-2205
1. Abia – ADP (2006): Root and Tuber Expansion Programme( RTEP) “Annual Report, 2001 – 2006 pp 1 – 52.
2. Abia State Strategic Health Development Plan (2010 – 2015) Report Abia State Government Ministry of Health Abia State, Nigeria pp 1 – 81.
3. Aniedu, C and Aniedu, O. C. (2013) “ Gender mainstreaming in Agricultural Development in Nigeria In Ike Nwachukwu (Eds) Agricultural and Rural Development ( Promoting Indigenous Knowledge)
4. Carson, M., Johannessen, A., Beyene, A., Remling, E., Ruben, C., & Peter, S. (2013). Institutionalizing Gender Equality in Disaster Risk Reduction. Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency.
5. FAO. (2013). Gender and Cimate Change Research in Agriculture and Food Security for Rural Development. Training Guide. Rome: FAO.
6. Garutsa T. C; Mubaya, P. C and Zhon, I (2018) : Gendered differentials in climate change adaptation amongst the Shona ethnic group in Marondera Rural District, Zimbabwe: A social inclusions lens. 2018. Open Research 1 (14).
7. Godson-Ibeji, C. C; Ani, A. O and Aja, O.O (2015) “ Empowering Women in Agriculture through Extension education in Nigeria: Paper presented at the 4th Women International Conference for Gender and MDGs FUTO Owerri.
8. OXFAM GB. (2011). Gender and Disaster Risk Reduction: A training pack .
10. Okoroh, J. P.; Olaolu, M. O and Igbokwe, E. M (2016). Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies Used by Farmers in Imo State, Nigeria Journal of Agricultural Extension Vol. 20 (2) pp 129 – 141 http://journal.aesonnigeria.org
11. Ozor, N.; Madukwe, M. C.; Enete, A. A.; Amaechina, E.C.; Onokala, P.; Eboh, E. C.; Ujah, and Garforth, C. J (2012). Barriers to Climate Change Adaptation Among Farming Households of Southern Nigeria. Journal of Agricultural Extension Vol. 14(1) pp 131 -143 June,
12. UNDP (2010). Gender, Climate Change and Community-Based Adaptation, UNDP, New York
13. UNDP. (2013a). Gender and Climate Change Training Module 1: Overview of linkages between gender and climate change.
15. UNDP. (2013b). Gender and Climate Change Training Module 3: Disaster Risk Reduction.
This work and its PDF file(s) are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.