Evaluation of the quality of beeswax from different sources and rendering methods


Evaluation of the quality of beeswax from different sources and rendering methods


Meseret

Holeta Bee Research Center


American Journal of Agricultural Research

Most of the wax produced now-a-days are used in the manufacture of cosmetics, such as hand and face creams, lipsticks and depilatory wax and many uses. To become competent both in local and export markets the quality of the beeswax has to be maintained. However pre- and post-harvest handling and processing of crude beeswax may affect its quality and quantity. Hence, the objective of the present study was to evaluate the quality and quantity of beeswax obtained from different sources and compares the effectiveness of different beeswax extraction methods for rendering pure and quality beeswax. Three bees wax sources (comb, sefef and crude honey) and three extraction methods (manual, submerged and solar) were arranged in complete factorial in Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with three replications. Ten kg each of comb, sefef and crude honey were used for extraction and the average amount of pure beeswax obtained was compared. The analysis of variance indicated that there were significant difference among beeswax sources, extraction methods and interaction between beeswax sources and extraction methods on the yield of beeswax and slum gum ((P<0.05). Comparison of beeswax sources revealed that significantly higher beeswax yield of 6.76 kg source was recorded from crude honey than from comb and sefer with beeswax yield of 2.68 and 2.59 kg, respectively. Among the beeswax extraction methods, submerged method was found significantly superior to manual and solar extraction methods when comb and sefef sources were used, where as when crude honey was used as a beeswax source, manual and submerged methods were found on par in rendering beeswax. On the other hand, the highest slum gum was recorded from comb and sefef sources particularly when solar extraction method was used. In the case of crude honey source there was no significant difference among the three extraction methods on slum gum record. Statistical analysis indicated that different beeswax sources and extraction methods had no significant deference on melting, saponification clouding point, acid and ester values. The beeswax obtained in this study has shown similar characteristics with that of beeswax prepared for export purposes in terms of melting point, saponification clouding point, acid and ester values.


Keywords: quality of beeswax, different sources and rendering methods

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How to cite this article:
Meseret. Evaluation of the quality of beeswax from different sources and rendering methods. American Journal of Agricultural Research, 2019,4:61.


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