Research Article of American Journal of Agricultural Research
Effects of different fertilizers on growth, yield and root knot nematode Meloidogyne spp in Okra Abelmoschus esculentus under field condition in Summer Season in Chitwan, Nepal
Subodh R. Pandeya, Sandesh Bhandaria , Kushal R. Giria, Pratikshya Waglea and Sundar Man Shresthab
aUndergraduate Student, Faculty of Agriculture , Agriculture and Forestry University, Chitwan, Nepal; bProfessor, Department of Plant Pathology, Agriculture and Forestry University, Chitwan, Nepal
An experiment was carried out at Agriculture and Forestry University, horticulture farm to determine the effects of different fertilizers on root knot nematode and yield on Okra (var. Arka Anamika) at summer season in inner terai region of Chitwan, Nepal. The treatment was carried out in the completely randomized block design (RCBD) with 7 treatments replicated 3 times. The treatment included: goat manure, sesame seed cake, mustard seed cake, poultry manure, furacron, vermicompost plus untreated control including only chemical fertilizer (NPK). All treatments were added to provide the sufficient amount of Nitrogen required for the crop as recommended by Nepal Agriculture Research Council. Remaining amount of required Phosphorous and potassium was supplied by adding Single Super Phosphate and Muriate of potash respectively. The germination percentage was found significantly superior in Furacron (93.33%) and followed by goat manure (92.67%), vermicompost (86.67%), sesame (til) seed cake (82.67%), mustard oilcake (81.67%), control i.e. NPK (76.67%) and poultry manure (61%). Similarly, In terms of number of galls , furacron (3.43) was found the most effective followed by goat manure (5.60), Poultry Manure (6.63), Mustard Seed Cake (8.47), Sesame cake (9.07), vermicompost (16.60) and control (21.96). In terms of yield, poultry manure (20mt/ha) was found superior followed by vermicompost (17.38mt/ha), goat manure (16.72 mt/ha), sesame (til) seed cake (16.62mt/ha), furacron (14.61 mt/ha), mustard oilcake (12.97 mt/ha) and control (10.51mt/ha). The highest net profit was found in case of Poultry manure while the lowest incremental cost benefit ratio was obtained in Furacron and followed by Goat Manure, Poultry manure, Vermicompost, Sesame (til) seed cake and Mustard seed cake. The highest yield (20t/ha) and nematode control was obtained in Poultry manure which is at par with Furacron treatment. This experiments suggests the use of Furacron or poultry manure will provide more economic return and also decreases the root knot nematode in okra.
Keywords: manures, galls, nematode, okra, Furacron
How to cite this article:
Subodh R. Pandeya, Sandesh Bhandaria , Kushal R. Giria, Pratikshya Waglea and Sundar Man Shresthab. Effects of different fertilizers on growth, yield and root knot nematode Meloidogyne spp in Okra Abelmoschus esculentus under field condition in Summer Season in Chitwan, Nepal.. American Journal of Agricultural Research, 2019,4:64.
1. Acharya, U. (2004). Effect of plant growth regulators oEffect of plant growth regulators on growth and yield of spring summer season okra under inner Terai condition of Chitwan, Nepal. Thesis, Msc.Tribhuvan University, Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science , 74.
2. Aniefiok, E., Idorenyin, A., & John, O. (2013). Effect of poultry manure and plant Spacing on the growth and yield of water leaf (Talinum fructicosum(L.) JUSS). Journal of Agronomy (12), 146-152.
3. Buob, T. (2008). Fertilizing the Organic Garden. University of New Hampshire Cooperative Extension , 1-4.
4. Habash, S., & Al-Banna, L. (2011). Phosphonate fertilizers suppressed root knot nematodes Meloidogyne javanica and M. incognita. Journal of Nematology.
5. Hogger, H. (1984). ROOT-KNOT NEMATODES OF CHITWAN DISTRICT OF NEPAL by, 155–158.
6. Kaplan, M., & Noe, J. P. (1993). Effects of Chicken-excrement Amendments on Meloidogyne arenaria. Journal of Nematology.
7. Khabdaker, M. N. (2017). The effect of different types of organic fertilizers on growth and yield of Abelmoschus esculentus L. Moench(okra). Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science, 23 (No 1) , 119–125.
8. Krishi Diary. (2075). Recommended dose of fertilizer. Nepal Government, Ministry of agriculture and livestock development.
9. MOAD. (2016/17). Statistical Information on Nepalese Agriculture. Singhadurbar, Kathmandu: Minstry Of Agriculture and Livestock Development(MOAD), Governmentof Nepal.
10. Noling, J. W. (2009). Nematode Management in Sweet-Corn. University of Florida, IFAS Extension, ENY-023, 1–7.
11. Pakeerathan, K., Mikunthan, G. and Tharsani, N. (2009). Effect of different animal manures on Meloidogyne incognita (Kofoid and White) on tomato. World Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 5(4),
12. Rodry guez- Ka bana, R. (1986). Organic and Inorganic ammendments to soil as nematode suppresants. Journal of Nematology (18), 129-135.
13. Sakya, U. K. (2004). Effect of bioregulators on spring-summerseason okra cultivation under inner Terai condition of Nepal.
14. Thapa, R., & Dongol, D. (1988). A preliminary survey of weed flora at IAAS and its vicinity. In F.P. Neupane(ed.) IAAS Research Report(1985-1991). Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science , p. 5965.
15. Tswanya, M., Isah, K., Ahmed, M., Yisa, P., & Lile, S. (2017). Effect of Poultry Droppings on Growth and Fruit Yield of Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus). International Journal of Environment, Agriculture and Biotechnology (IJEAB) , 2 (3).