Research Article of American Journal of Agricultural Research
Combining Ability and Gene Action of Tomato Hybrids (Lucopersicum Esculantum L.) Genotypes in Azerbaijan
Gulare Huseynzade, Zeynal Akperov, Sabir Hasanov
Genetic Recources İnstitute, Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, 155 Azadlig Avenue, Baku Az1106, Azerbaijan
This work identifies the combining ability of 10 tomato (Lucopersicon esculantum) parents and 45 F1 hybrids obtained from 10 × 10 half diallel. The work aims to identify the parents with the best general combining ability (gca) and crosses with high specific combining ability (sca) for yield, quality and nature of gene action involved. The study was conducted within 2014 and 2017 at Absheron condition in Azerbaijan using randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications. The combined analysis of variance showed that variance for gca and sca was highly significant for all the traits studied. This indicates that both additive and non-additive gene actions were operating in the inheritance of these traits. Parental level of gca revealed that introduced genotype (Masalli variety-form) had highest (5843.87) effect followed by Belarusian variety ‘Qarant’ (1930.97) for fresh pod yield and other related traits. The highest sca for hybrids was exhibited by Masalli variety-form x Ilkin, ‘Leyla x Masalli variety-form, ‘Shahin’ x Volqoqrad and Zorka x Shakar for yield and quality traits. This indicates the existence of immense potential for population improvement and heterosis breeding for enhancing productivity and qualities. The ratios of gca mean square to sca mean square were higher than unity for traits, indicating that additive gene action plays a predominant role in the inheritance of most of the traits.
Keywords: combining ability, gene action, hybrid, traits, parents, quality, yield.
How to cite this article:
Gulare Huseynzade, Zeynal Akperov, Sabir Hasanov. Combining Ability and Gene Action of Tomato Hybrids (Lucopersicum Esculantum L.) Genotypes in Azerbaijan. American Journal of Agricultural Research, 2020,5:80.
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