Research Article of American Journal of Agricultural Research
Combining Ability and Gene Action of Tomato Hybrids (Lucopersicum Esculantum L.) Genotypes in Azerbaijan
Gulare Huseynzade, Zeynal Akperov, Sabir Hasanov
Genetic Recources İnstitute, Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, 155 Azadlig Avenue, Baku Az1106, Azerbaijan
This work identifies the combining ability of 10 tomato (Lucopersicon esculantum) parents and 45 F1 hybrids obtained from 10 × 10 half diallel. The work aims to identify the parents with the best general combining ability (gca) and crosses with high specific combining ability (sca) for yield, quality and nature of gene action involved. The study was conducted within 2014 and 2017 at Absheron condition in Azerbaijan using randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications. The combined analysis of variance showed that variance for gca and sca was highly significant for all the traits studied. This indicates that both additive and non-additive gene actions were operating in the inheritance of these traits. Parental level of gca revealed that introduced genotype (Masalli variety-form) had highest (5843.87) effect followed by Belarusian variety ‘Qarant’ (1930.97) for fresh pod yield and other related traits. The highest sca for hybrids was exhibited by Masalli variety-form x Ilkin, ‘Leyla x Masalli variety-form, ‘Shahin’ x Volqoqrad and Zorka x Shakar for yield and quality traits. This indicates the existence of immense potential for population improvement and heterosis breeding for enhancing productivity and qualities. The ratios of gca mean square to sca mean square were higher than unity for traits, indicating that additive gene action plays a predominant role in the inheritance of most of the traits.
Keywords: combining ability, gene action, hybrid, traits, parents, quality, yield.
How to cite this article:
Gulare Huseynzade, Zeynal Akperov, Sabir Hasanov. Combining Ability and Gene Action of Tomato Hybrids (Lucopersicum Esculantum L.) Genotypes in Azerbaijan. American Journal of Agricultural Research, 2020,5:80.
1. Acquaah G (2007). Principles of Plant Genetics and Breeding. Blackwell Publishing Ltd., USA.
2. Angadi, A., Dharmatti, P.R. and Angadi, P. K. 2012. Combining ability studies for productivity related traits in tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.). Asian J. Horti., 7(1): 118-122.
3. Anjum Ara, Raj, N, Nazzer, A and Khan, S.H. 2009. Genetic variability and selection parameters for yield and quality attributes in Tomato. Indian Journal of Horticulture. 66 (1): 73-78.
4. Dey SS, Singh N, Bhaatia R, Parkash C, Chandel C (2014). Genetic combining ability and heterosis for im-portant vitamins and antioxidant pigments in cauliflower (Brassica oleracea var. botrytis L.). Euphytica 195(2):169-181.
5. Fasahat P, Rajabi A, Rad JM, Derera J (2016). Principles and Utilization of Combining Ability in Plant Breed-ing. Biometrics and Biostatistics International Journal 4(1):1- 25.
6. Fekadu M, Singh H, Lemma D, Chemeda F, Sigvald R (2009). Combining Ability and Gene Action in Crosses among Asian and Ethiopian Genotypes of Hot Pepper (Capsicum annuum L.). East African Journal of Sciences 3(2):153-160.
7. Geleta LF, Labuschagne MT (2006). Estimates of combining ability for agronomic traits in pepper (Capsicum annuum L.). South African Journal of Plant and Soil 23(2):73-77.
8. Griffing B (1956). Concept of general and specific combining ability in relation to diallel crossing systems. Australian Journal of Biological Sciences 9:463-493.
9. Gogula KR (2015). Development of Hybrids and Their Stability in Chilli (Capsicum annuum L.) PhD. Disserta-tion, Department of Vegetable Science, Horticultural College and Research Institute, Dr. Y. S. R. Horticultural University.
10. Hallauer AR, Miranda JB (1988). Quantitative Genetics in Maize Breeding. 2nded. Iowa State University Press, Iowa, Ames. USA.
11. Kaya Y, Atakisi IK (2004). Combining Ability Analysis of Some Yield Characters of Sunflower (Helianthus an-nuus L.). Helia 27(41):75-84.
12. Kumar P, Singh G, Singh YP, Abhishek D, Nagar SS (2015). Study of combining ability analysis in half diallel crosses of spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). International Journal of Advanced Research 3(9):1363-1370.
13. Lohithaswa HC, Kulkarni RS, Manjunath A (2000). Combining ability analysis for fruit yield, capsaicin and oth-er quantitative traits in chillies (Capsicum annum L.) over environments. Indian Journal of Genetics and Plant Breeding 60:511- 518.
14. Marchesan CB, Melo AMT, Paterniani MEAGZ (2009). Combining ability in sweet pepper for resistance to powdery mildew. Horticultura Brasileira 27(2):189-195.
15. Hannan, M.M, Ahmed, M.B, Raj, U.K, Razvy, M.A, Rahman, M.A, Islam, M.A and Islam, R. 2007a. Heterosis, combining ability and genetics for Brix %, days to first fruit ripening and yield in tomato (Lycopersicon escu-lentum Mill.). Middle : East J. of Scientific Res. 2(3-4): 128-131.
16. May AMP, Nájera GC, Suárez JMT, Elos MM, Cortés JOM, Gutiérrez AP, Moreno LL (2010). Combining ability and heterotic effects in sweet pepper populations (Capsicum annuum L.). Revista Fitotecnia Mexicana 33(4):353-360
17. Nsabiyera V, Ochwo-Ssemakula M, Sseruwagi P, Ojiewo Ch, Gibson P (2013). Combining Ability for Field Resistance to Disease, Fruit Yield and Yield Factors among Hot Pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) Genotypes in Uganda. International Journal of Plant Breeding 7(1):12-21
18. Osborn, T.C., Chad, K., Elaine, G. and Carl, J.B. (2007) Insight and Innovations from Wide Crosses: Ex-amples from Canola and Tomato. Crop Science Society of America, Madison.
19. Vasal SK, Cordova H, Pandey S, Srinivan G (1986). Tropical maize and heterosis. CIMMYT research high-lights, Mexico, DF, CIMMYT
20. Navhale VC, Dalvi VV, Wakode MM, Sawant AV, Dhekale JS (2014). Combining ability analysis in chilli (Cap-sicum annum L.). Electronic Journal of Plant Breeding 5(3):340-4.
21. Pradhan SK, Boss LK, Meher J (2006). Studies on gene action and combining ability analysis in Basmati rice. Journal of Central European Agriculture 7(2):267-272.
22. Saeed, A. S. C.; A. A. Khan; B. Sadia and L. A. Khan (2008). Analysis of combining ability for yield, yield components and quality characters in tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill). J. Agric. Res., 46 (4): 325 –332.
23. Saidi, M.; S. D. Warade and T. Prabu (2008). Combining ability estimates for yield and its contributing traits in tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum). Int. J. Agric. Biol. 10 (2):238-240
24. Patil MY (2012). Heterosis and Combining ability studies in Chilli (Capsicum annuum L.), MSc. Thesis. Department of Botany College of Agriculture, Dapoli, India.
25. Shiferaw M, Alemayehu Ch (2014). Assessment of Hot Pepper (Capsicum species) Dis-eases in Southern Ethiopia. International Journal of Science and Research 3(3):91-95.
26. Singh, A.K. 2009. Genetic variability, heritability and genetic advance studies in tomato under cold drip region of Ladakh. Indian Journal of Horticulture, 66(3): 400-403.
27. Singh, B, Kaul, S, Kumar, D and Kumar, V. 2010. Combining ability for yield and its con-tributing characters in tomato. Indian Journal of Horticulture,67(1): 50-55.
28. Singh, A.K and Asati, B.S. 2011. Combining ability and heterosis studies in tomato un-der bacterial wilt condition. Bangladesh J. Agril. Res. 36(2): 313-318.
29. Sivaprasad, K. 2008. GeneticSkoric D, Jocic S, Molnar I (2000). General (GCA) and Spe-cific (SCA) combining abilities in sunflower. In: Proc. of the 15th International Sunflower Conference. Toulouse, France, June 12-15.
30. Reif JC, Gumpert FM, Fischer S, Melchinger AE (2007). Impact of inter- population di-vergence on additive and dominance variance in hybrid populations. Genetics 176:1931-1934.
31. Rai, N, Syamal, M.M and Joshi, A.K. 1996. Combining ability and gene action studies for number of locule in tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.).Vegetable Science. 23(2): 156-161.
32. Vasal SK, Cordova H, Pandey S, Srinivan G (1986). Tropical maize and heterosis. CIMMYT re-search highlights, Mexico, DF, CIMMYT.