Research Article of American Journal of Chemical Research
Evaluation of cassava (Manihot Esculentum) seed waste Activated carbon for kinetic study on methylene blue dye adsorption from aqueous solution
Department of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering, Niger Delta University P.M.B 071 Wilberforce Island. Bayelsa State. Nigeria
The effect of activation temperature on activated carbon was studied at 400o C, 500oC and 600oC respectively. The characterization properties showed that increased in temperature reduces yield, moisture content, ash content and volatile content but increased fixed carbon, pore volume and porosity. Batch experiment was conducted by varying the dosage of activated carbon (0.2g – 0.6g) and contact time (40 -120 min) on adsorption of methylene blue dye from aqueous solution. The experimental data was fitted to pseudo first and second order kinetics in order to verify the rate controlling mechanism. The pseudo second order model showed a better fit with the highest correlation coefficient of 0.998. The adsorption capacity q computed was found to be 6.561 mg/g and 16.129 mg/g showed deviation from the experimental value of 11.00 mg/g for the both kinetics. The equilibrated isotherm data was also fitted to Langmuir, Freundlich and Dabinin-Radushkevich. Freundlich model has the best fit with R2 = 0.914. The energy of adsorption was calculated using the Dabinin-Radushkevich model and found to be 5.89 kJ/ mol.
Keywords: Activated carbon, Adsorption, Cassava seed waste, Kinetics, Methylene blue dye
How to cite this article:
Gumus R.H. Evaluation of cassava (Manihot Esculentum) seed waste Activated carbon for kinetic study on methylene blue dye adsorption from aqueous solution. American Journal of Chemical Research, 2017, 1:4. DOI:10.28933/ajcr-2017-04-2501
 R.S. Raveendra, P.A. Prashanth, B.R. Malini, B.M. Nagabhushana, Adsorption of Eriochrome black-T azo Dye from Aqueous solution on Low cost Activated Carbon prepared from tridax procumbens. Research Journal of Chemical Science. 5(3), 2015. 9-13.
 J. Laine, A. Calafat, A. and M. Labady Preparation and characterization of activated carbons from coconut shell impregnated with phosphoric acid. Carbon, 27, 1989. 191-195
 B. Noureddine, A. Mohammed, EL. M., Mohammed Removal of methylene blue and Eriochrome Black Tfrom aqueous solution by biosorption on scolymus hispanicus L: Kinetics, equilibrium and thermodynamics. J. Taiwan Inst. Chem. E.42, 2011. 320-326.
 V.G.L., Cha, N.R., Rangel-Me, O.E., Mun, D.A., Cullen, D.J., Smith, H. Terrones, and M.,Terrones, Production and detailed characterization of bean husk-based carbon: efficient cadmium (II) removal from aqueous solutions. Water Res. 42(13), 2008. 3473–3479.
 M. Benadjemia L., Miliere, L.N., Reinett, L.N., Bendendouche, L., Duclaux. Preparation, characterization and methylene blue adsorptionof phosphoric acid activated carbon from globe artichoke leaves. Fuel Process Technol. 92(6) 2011. 1203-1212.
 Y., Chen , S.R., Zhai, N., Liu, Y., Song, QD., An, and X.W., Song Dye removal of activated carbon prepared from NaOH-pretreated rice husk by low temperature solution –processed carbonization and H3PO4 activation Bioresource Technol. 144, 2013. 401-409.
 R.H., Gumus, I., Wauton, A.M., Aliu Investigation of the effect of Chemical Activation and Characterization of bone char: Cow bone. Journal of Engineering and Science, 4, 2012. 34-45.
 R.H. Gumus, and I., Okpeku. Production of activated carbon and characterization from snail shell waste (helix pomatia). Advances in Chemical Engineering and Science 5, 2015. 56-64.
 F.S. Garcia, A.M. Alonso, and J.M.D. Tascon, (2003).Porous texture of activated carbons prepared by phosphoric acid activation of apple pulp. Carbon, 39, 2003. 1103-1116.
 Y. Zhang, H. Cui, R. Ozao, Y. Cao, HI-I. Chen, C-W.W-P. Pan characterization of activated carbon prepared from chicken waste and coal. Energy and Fuels 21, 2007. 3735-3739.
 K. Legrouri, M. Ezzine, S. Ichocho, H. Hannache, R. Denoyel, R. Pailler, and R. Naslain, Production of activated carbon from a new precursor: Molasses. J. Phys. IV France, 123, 2005. 101-104.
 A. Shajahan, A. Bashu Sahoor, K. Basha Ariver, Biosorption and Kinetics Study on Methylene blue Dye Removal from Aqueous solution using Activated carbon Derived from palm Flower. Res.J. Chem Sci 4(12), 2014. 61-69.
 W.M.S.W., David Adinata, and M.K. Aroua., Prepararion and characterization of activated carbon from palm kernel shell by chemical activation with K2CO3, Biores Technol. 98, 2007. 145 – 149.
 D. Kalderis, D. Koutoulakis, P. Paraskeva, E. Diamadopoulos, E. Otal, J.O.D. Valle, and N.C. Ferna, Adsorption of polluting substances on activated carbons prepared from rice husk and sugarcane bagasse. Chem. Eng. J. 144(1), 2008. 42–50.
 A. Elsheikh, A. Newman, H. Al-Daffaee, S. Phull, and N. Crosswell, Characterization of activated carbon prepared from a single cultivar of Jordanian olive stones by chemical and physiochemical techniques. J. Anal. Appl. Pyrolysis, 30, 2003. 1-16.
 N.R. Khalili, M. Campbell, G.Sandi, and J. Gola, Production of micro and mesoporous activated carbon from paper mill sludge, I: Effect of zinc chloride activation. Carbon, 38, 2000. 1905-1915.
 H. Teng, Y.U. Lin, and L.Y. Hsu, (2000) Production of Activated Carbons from Pyrolysis of waste tyres impregnated with potassium hydroxide. Journal of the Air and waste management Association, 50 (B139), 2000. 1940-1946l.
 B.H. Diya’ddeen, I.A. Mohammed and B.Y. Jibril. Kinetics of methylene blue adsorption KOH –activated carbon using corn cobs, Malaysian Journal of Science. 30(3) 2011. 196-207.
 R.H. Gumus, and L.Apre Kinetic Studies of Methylene Addsorption on to Activated Carbon from Sea Snail Shell Waste (Bithynia Tentaculata), International Journal of Advances in Meaterials Scince and Engineering, 5(1) 2016. 37-49
 M.H. Back, C.O. Ijaghemi, O. SJ, D.S. Kim Removal of Malachite Green from aqueous solution using degreased coffee bean J. Hazard Mater, 170 2010. 820-828.
 D.M.M. Aquila and M.V. Ligaray Adsorption of Eriochrome Black T on MnO2- Coated Zeolite International Journal of Environmental Science and development 6(11), 2015. 824-827.
 C.M. Futalan, C.C Kan, M.I. Dalida, K.J. Hsen , C. Pascun, and M.W. Van Comparative and competitive adsorption of copper , lead and nickel using chitosan immobilized on bentonite, Carbohydrates Polymers 83, 2011. 528-536.
 D.D. Do, Adsorption Analysis: Equilibrium and Kinetics; London . Imperial College Press 1998.
 P. Sivakumar and P.N. Palanizamy Adsorption studies of basic Red 29 by a non –conventional activated carbon preparedfrom
This work and its PDF file(s) are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.