Research Article of American Journal of Chemical Research
A Study on Moisture Content of Bamboo Fiber Reinforced HDPE Composite at Different Temperature
Md. Shaharul Islam1, 2 , Md. Hafizur Rahman1, G M Arifuzzaman Khan1, M Shamsul Alam1, Md. Helal Uddin1
1Department of Applied Chemistry & Chemical Engineering, Islamic University, Kushtia-7003, Bangladesh. 2Department of Chemistry, Bangladesh Army University of Engineering & Technology(BAUET), Qadirabad Cantonment, Natore-6431, Bangladesh.
Natural fibers are becoming a competitive option as reinforcement of polymeric composite materials due to their bio-based character, good specific mechanical properties, low cost and inexhaustible supply. The aim of this study was to make the Bamboo fiber and high density polyethylene (HDPE) composite and to measure the wet loss of the composite due to removal of moisture content at 105 0C, 125 0C and 135 0C temperature. Bamboo fiber were extracted from bamboo culm and treated with 0.5 M NaOH. Bamboo fiber-reinforced HDPE composites were prepared employing melt blending technique followed by heat press molding with various weight fractions (5, 10, 30 and 40 wt. %) of the treated bamboo fiber with HDPE. A systematic investigation of the thermal behavior on the moisture content of the composites was carried out. It was observed that at 135 0C temperature more moisture removed from the composite compared to 105 0C and 125 0C temperature. It also revealed that the weight loss of the composite increased with the increase in the Bamboo fiber loading (5% to 40%).
Keywords: Bamboo Fiber, HDPE, Composite, Reinforcement.
How to cite this article:
Md. Shaharul Islam, Md. Hafizur Rahman, G M Arifuzzaman Khan, M Shamsul Alam, Md. Helal Uddin. A Study on Moisture Content of Bamboo Fiber Reinforced HDPE Composite at Different Temperature. American Journal of Chemical Research, 2019, 3:16. DOI: 10.28933/ajcr-2019-10-0605
1. Mohanty AK, Misra M, Hinrichsen G. Biofibers, biodegradable polymers and biocomposites: an overview. Macromol Mater Eng. 2000; 276/277:1–24.
2. Gatenholm P, Mathiasson A. Biodegradable natural composites I (processing and properties) and II (synergistic effects of processing cellulose with PHB). J Appl Polym Sci 1992;45: 1667–77. 1994;51: 1231–1237.
3. Keller A. Compounding and mechanical properties of biodegradable hemp fiber composites. Compos Sci Technol 2003; 63(9):1307–16.
4. Puglia D, Tomassucci A, Kenny JM. Processing, properties and stability of biodegradable composites based on Mater-Biw and cellulose fibres. Polym Adv Technol 2003; 14:749–56.
5. Shibata M, Oyamada S, Kobayashi S, Yaginuma D. Mechanical properties and biodegradability of green composites based on biodegradable polyesters and lyocell fabric. J Appl Polym Sci 2004; 92:3857–63.
6. Shibata M, Ozawa K, Teramoto N, Yosomiya R, Takeishi H. Biocomposites made from short Abaca fiber and biodegradable polyesters. Macromol Mater Eng 2003;288:35–43.
7. Zini E, Baiardo M, Armelao L, Scandola M. Biodegradable polyesters reinforced with surface-modified vegetable fibers. Macromol Biosci., 2004;4:286–95.
8. Raghavan D, Emekalam A. Characterization of starch/polyethylene and starch/polyethylene/poly (lactic acid) composites. Polym Degrad Stability 2001;72:509–17.
9. Shogren RL, Doane WM, Garlotta D, Lawton JW, Willett JL. Biodegradation of starch/polylactic acid/poly(hydroxyester-ether) composite bars in soil. Polym Degrad Stability 2003; 79:405–11.
10. Rosa DS, Rodrigues T, Guedes CG, Calil MR. Effect of thermal aging on the biodegradation of PCL, PHBV and their blends with starch in soil compost. J Appl Polym Sci 2003; 89:3539–46.
11. Wu CS. Performance of an acrylic acid grafted polycaprolactone/starch composites: Characterization and mechanical properties. J Appl Polym Sci 2003; 89:2888–95.
12. Lee SH, Ohkita T. Mechanical and thermal flow properties of wood fiber-biodegradable polymers composites. J Appl Polym Sci 2003; 90: 1900–5.
13. Lee SH, Ohkita T, Kitagawa K. Eco-composite from poly(lactic acid) and bamboo fiber. Holzforschung 2004; 58:529–36.
14. Lee SH, Ohkita T. Bamboo fiber (BF)-filled poly(butylenes succinate) bio-composite—effect of BF-e-MA on the properties and crystallization kinetics. Holzforschung 2004; 58:537–43.
15. Ohkita T, Lee SH. Effect of aliphatic isocyanates (HDI and LDI) as a coupling agent on the properties of eco-composite from biodegradable polymers and corn starch. J Adhes Sci Technol 2004; 18(8):905–24.
16. Ohkita T. Lee SH. Crystallization behavior of poly (butylene succinate)/corn starch biodegradable composite. J Appl Polym Sci; 2005; 97: 1107–14.
17. Kiguchi M (2007) Latest market status of wood and wood plastic composites in North America and Europe. In: The 2nd wood and wood plastic composites seminar in the 23rd wood composite symposium. Kyoto, Japan, pp 61–73
18. Pipe materials. level.org.nz.
19. Market Study: Polyethylene HDPE”. Ceresana Research.
20. Rowell RM. The state of art and future development of bio-based composite science and technology toward the 21st century. In: Proceedings, 4th Pacific rim bio-based composite symposium. Borgor, Indonesia, 1998; pp 1–18.
21. Okubo K, Fuji T, Yamashita N. JSEM Int J 2005; 48(4):199.
22. Kawai S, Ohmori Y, Han G, Adachi K, Takatoshi K. A trial of manufacturing high-strength bamboo fiber composites. In: Symposium on utilization of agricultural and forestry residues. Nanjing, China, 2001; pp 124–129.
23. Ma L, Kawai S, Sasaki H, Mokuzai Gakkaishi 1999; 45(1):25.
24. Zhang M, Kawai S, Yusuf S, Imamura Y, Sasaki H. Mokuzai Gakkaishi, 1997; 43(4):318.
25. Kumar H, Siddaramaiah, Rattan. J Bamboo, 2004; 3(3):237.
26. Saxena M, Gowri VS. Polym Compos, 2003; 24(3):428.
27. Thwe MM, Liao K. Compos Part A, Appl Sci Manuf (Inc Compos Compos Mnuf) 2002;33(1):43.
28. Deshpande AP, Rao LC, Rao BM. J Appl Polym Sci 2000; 76(1):83.
29. W. Song, F. Zhao, X. Yu, C. Wang, W. Wei, S. Zhang, Interfacial characterization and optimal preparation of novel bamboo plastic composite engineering materials, Bio Resources, 10 (2015), pp. 5049-5070.
30. A. Ling, P. Hanafi, A.A. Bakar, Eco-friendly coupling agent-treated kenaf/linear low-density polyethylene/poly (vinyl alcohol) composites, Iran, Polym. J., 27 (2018), pp. 87-96.
31. V. Fiore, G. Di Bella, A. Valenza, The effect of alkaline treatment on mechanical properties of kenaf fibers and their epoxy composites, Compos. B Eng., 68 (2015), pp. 14-21.