Intellectual Property Rights in Nigeria: Issues and Challenges


Intellectual Property Rights in Nigeria: Issues and Challenges


Nwanna, Clifford Ezekwe (Ph.D)

Faculty of Environmental Sciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Anambra State, Nigeria


American Journal of Law and Legal Studies

This study is on issues and Challenges facing intellectual Property right in Nigeria. Although intellectual Property right laws exist in Nigeria, it is observable that the enforcement of this aspect of law is not taken seriously compared to that of real property. This problem has caused a decrease in the economic value of the productive sector, especially the creative industry, in Nigeria, and a corresponding decrease in our Gross Domestic Product (GDP). In view of this problem, the study aims at investigating the issues and challenges affecting intellectual property right in Nigeria, with a view to enlightening the public on the availability and role of intellectual property laws in our Jurisdiction and to proffer solutions on how to achieve more effective enforcement. The study employs a qualitative research approach, while information was sourced primarily through oral source mainly interviews with learned Jurists and practitioners in the creative industry. Secondary sources of information used comprise written sources which include decided cases, Books, Journals, Newspapers and dissertations/project. The study revealed that if intellectual properties are properly protected and the applicable laws enforced, Nigeria will witness a phenomenal rise in the economic value of most productive sector in Nigeria and a corresponding increase in Gross Domestic Product. The study will recommend among others, to improve on legal education in Nigeria by generating best practices and approaches that can be employed to redesign legal education to make it responsive to contemporary realities and needs of the society.


Keywords: Intellectual Property, rights, issues, challenges, legal Education


Free Full-text PDF


How to cite this article:
Nwanna, Clifford Ezekwe. Intellectual Property Rights in Nigeria: Issues and Challenges. American Journal of Law and Legal Studies, 2020, 3:7. DOI:10.28933/ajlls-2019-12-2505


References:

1. J. Kur intellectual Property Law Issues in Entrepreneurial Development in Nigeria’ Journal of Public and Private Law vol 6, (Awka: Faculty of Law, Nnamdi Azikiwe University);
2. Martin and J. Law Oxford Dictionary of Law, Sixth edition (eds) (New York : Oxford press, 2006) P.280
3. F. Snyllon, Studies in Industrial Property and Copyright Law (Munich:planek institute, 20003) p.1
4. P.Merrett, Intellectual Property Law (London: Sweet and Maxwell 1996)
5. N. Cronish, Intellectual Property: Patents, Copyrights, Trademarks and Allied Rights 4th Edition (London: Sweet and Maxwell 1999).
6. D. Bainbridge, cases and Materials in Intellectual Property Law (Johannenesburg;Pitman Publisher, 2006)p.112
7. Joseph Jarkur: Intellectual property Law Issues in Entrepreneurial Development in Nigeria Journal of public and private Law, Nnamdi Azikiwe Univeristy, Awka 2014p.194
8. A Garner. Black’s Law Dictionary (8th edition West Publishers, New York 1999)
9. Ibid
10. Copyright Act, cap 28 Laws of the Federation of Nigeria, 2004 s 51(1)
11. Mary Obianuju Nwogu A Jurisprudential Appraisal of the Subject Matter of Copyright Act
12. Jerrol v Houston(2012) 44CY press wood Dr.410 Huston TX,77070
13. Corelli v Gray(1913) 29 TLR 570
14. Ress v Melville(1916) Mac 66
15. R Nozick, Anarchy, State and Utopia, (New York: Basic Books, 1974)
16. Ibid
17. J Rawls, A Theory of Justice, Revised ed. (Cambridge: Harvard University press 1999).
18. Oladipo Yemitan v The Daily Times Nigeria ltd, 1980 FHCR (Federal High Court Report) 180 at 190.
19. Ibid
20. F. Oduah, “Communication, Arts, Copyright, Conversion, Trespass and Defamation: A Synergist x-Ray” Journal of the Society Nigerian Artists, Anambra, (Awka:v,2016)
21. Savory Ltd v. The World of Golf Ltd (1914)2 Ch 556 (557)
22. C. Nwanna, “Intellectual Property Law Issues in Visual Arts and Creative Industry” Journal of Environmental Sciences, Awka. Faculty of Environmental Sciences, UNIZIK., 2016)
23. Nwogu “A Jurisprudential Appraisal of the Subject Matter of Copyright Act,” Journal of Public and Private Law, Faculty of Law, UNIZIK, 2014.
24. R Seymor, ‘A New Spring for Africa’s Film Industry’, African Business Magazine, London: Nov.11,2011 p.40
25. A Ezekude, A lecture on Nigerian Copyright Commission, held at UNIZIK, Awka 2016.
26. C. Edoga, ‘Maximizing the Benefit of Copyright Law by Visual Artists in Nigeria’ an unpublished project submitted to the Department of Fine and Applied Arts, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, 2016.
27. Agbamuche-Mbu, et al “Nigerian Entertainment Industry Urgently Needs Lawyers”, an Interview with Mr. Audu Maikori in ‘This Day Newspaper, Tuesday 28, July 2015,p.8
28. J Mallor et al, Business Law and Regulatory Environment: Concepts and Cases
29. J Mallor et al, Business Law and Regulatory Environment: Concepts and Cases
30. Dick v Yates (1881) 18 ch D 76
31. Gyles v Wilcox (1740) 5 ATC 143.26
32. Hawkes & Sons (London) ltd v. Paramount Film Ltd (1934) Eng.Rep.489
33. Copyright Act, Op Cit. s51 (1)
34. Shostakorich v. Twentieth Century Fox Film com. 1948 MISC.67,30 NYS.2d.575 NYsnp.ct.
35. Alfred Bell & Co. v. Catalda Fine Arts Inc. 191, F2d. 99,2d Civ, 1951
36. Dowling v United States (1985)473, U.S.207
37. Copyright Act, Op.Cit
38. Ladbroke (Football) Ltd v William Hills Football Ltd(1964)WLR 273
39. University of London Press Ltd v Univeristy Tutorial Press Ltd, (1916) 2 Ch.601
40. Newspaper Licensing Agency Ltd v Mark and Spencer (2001)UKHL 38
41. Copyright Act
42. Hyperion Records Ltd v. Sawking (2005)1WLR 3281
43. CDPA 1988
44. Copyright Act. Op. Cit
45. Ibid, Section 6 (1) (c) CA Cap C 28 Ibid
46. Kenrick v. Lawrence (1890) LR 25, Q.B.D
47. Walker v. British Picker (1961)RPC 78(3057-60
48. Can. v Rodney Fitch (2001) FSR 345
49. Rogers v. Koons (1992) F2DCR 960
50. American Motion Picture Export Co Ltd v Minesota (Nig) Ltd (1981)F.H.C.R 65
51. Ibid, Section 6 (1) (c) CA. Cap 28
52. Island Records Ltd Ors v Pandum Technical Sales and Services Ltd and Anor (1993) FHC, 318
53. Ibid Section 8 (1) (a to c) CA, Cap Laws of the Federation, 2004
54. Ibid. Section 8 (2) C.A. Cap, C28 Laws of the Federation 2004
55. National Broad Casting Commission, Decree No 38, 1992, ss2(1) and 12
56. Ibid
57. M O Nwogu. Op. cit
58. Ibid
59. J Sokenfu Op. cit
60. Bambridge Op. cit
61. Patent and Design Act Cap P.2, Laws of the Federation of Nigeria
62. s25 PDA (1990)
63. Buchanan v. Alba Diagnostic Ltd (2004)UKH 5
64. Pioneer Electronics Capital Inc v. Warner Manufacturing Europe GMbH (1995)RPC 757 (CA)
65. Hoechst Colanese Corp v BP Chemicals Ltd (1998)846 F Supp.542

66. Niche Generic Ltd v Land beck Vs (2004) FRS 392
67. Ladd v. Marshall(1954) EWCA CIV 1
68. Bondax Carpets Ltd v Advance Carpet Tiles (1993) FSR 162
69. Section 60 of Patent Act, 1977 Op. Cit
70. Manashe Business Mercantile Ltd v. Williams Hill Organization Ltd (2003) RPC 575
71. Patent Act Section 60 (2) Op. Cit
72. Section 60 (2) Ibid
73. 72 Auchin Closs v Agriculture & Veterinary Supplies Ltd (1997) RPC 649
74. Safety Razor Co. v Anglo-American Trading Co Ltd (1913) 30 RPC 456
75. United Wire Ltd v Screen Repair Services (Scotland) Ltd (2001) RFC 439
76. Celanese International Corp v BP Chemicals Ltd (1999) RPC 203
77. Patent Act (1977) Ibid
78. See Lubrizol Corp v Esso Petroleum co. Ltd (1998) RPC 727
79. s. 63 Patent Act Op.Cit
80. Coflexip SA v Stolt Comex Seaway MS Ltd (2001) RPC 182
81. General Trye & Rubber Co. v Fire Stone Tyre & Rubber Ltd (1975) PPC 203
82. Cairn Stores Ltd v Akiebolaget Hassles (2002) FSR 564
83. s.72 Patent Act Ibid
84. s. 9 PDA 1990
85. s. 3 (2) PDA Ibid
86. s.213 (1) CPDA, 1988
87. Ocular Sciences Ltd (1997) RPC 289
88. Patent and Design Act, Cap 344, LFN 1990
89. Sec. 16 (2) PDA (1990) LFN
90. 89 sec. 13 (3) PDA (1990) Ibid
91. Household Articles Ltd’s Registered Design (1998) FSR 676
92. Section 1B (3) Patent Act, (1949, UK)
93. Woodhouse UK Plc v. Architectural Lightning System (2006)
94. Section 15 (1) PDA Ibid
95. Ibid
96. Ibid
97. Ibid
98. Section 7A (1) RDA
99. Section 226 CPDA
100. Section 25 PDA Op. Cit
101. Section 9 PDA, Ibid
102. Section 22 PDA (2004) Ibid
103. Ibid
104. Ibid
105. Ibid
106. Section 11B PDA (1949) Ibid
107. Section 9 (2) RDA (2004) Ibid
108. Ibid
109. Ibid
110. Ibid
111. Travelex Global and Finacial Services Ltd v Commission (2003)-T-195/00
112. British Sugar Plc v James Robert Son & Son Ltd (1996) RPC 28
113. Arsenal Football Club Plc. v Reed (2001) RPC 922
114. Trebor Basselt Ltd v the Football Association (1997) FRS 221
115. Beautimatic International Ltd v Mitchel International Pharmaceuticals Ltd (200) FSR 263
116. Northern Shed v Conde Nast (1995) RPC 117
117. Ibid
118. NAD Electronics Inc v NAD Computer System Ltd (1997) FSR 380
119. Trademark Act 1938
120. Prince Plc v Prince Sports Group Inc (1998) PSR 21
121. Barclays Bank Plc v RBS Advanta (1999) RPC. 307
122. Section 46 (1) of the Trademark Act 1994
123. Section 46 (2) Ibid
124. Section 31 (1) Trademark Act LFN (1990)
125. Ibid
126. Hornel Foods Corp v Antilles Landscape Investments NV (2005) RPC 657
127. Philips Electronics NVV. Remington Consumer Product (1998) RPC 283
128. Joel Cool (Manchester’s) Ltd’s Trademark Application (2002) RPC 926
129. Scandecor Development AB v Scandecor Marketing AB (2002) FSR, 112
130. Euromarkets Design Inc v Peters and Crate & Barrels (2001) FSR, 288
131. Ibid
132. Ibid
133. Trebor (Nigeria) Ltd v Associated Industries Ltd (1972) NMLR 50
134. Plix Products Ltd v Frank M. Whinstone (Merchants) (1986) FSR 63
135. British Diabetic Association v Diabetic Society (1996) FSR
136. Harrods Ltd v.Harrod Ltd(2009)ChD FSR 115
137. MC Cullogh v Lewis A May Ltd (1947) ALL ER845
138. Irvine v. Talk Sport Ltd(2003) ALL ER 881
139. Section 213 (1) of CPDA (1988)
140. Ibid
141. Ultra frame (UK) Ltd v.Fielding
142. Secretary of State for Trade and Industry v Boltrill (2000)
143. Ibid
144. Corps v. Cooper (2002) App. No,01-1867
145. Ibid
146. J. Sokenfu, Op. cit
147. C.E Nwanna, ‘Intellectual Property Law Issues in Visual Arts and Creative Industry’ in Joel Igbokwe et al, Land Use Transformation and Environmental Sustainability in Nigeria, (Awka: Rex Charles and Patrice publishers, 2013), p.7