Comparitve Effects of Moringa Oleifera Pods, Probiotics and Vitamin E/selenium on Body Weight Gain of Abor- Acre Broiler Chickens

Comparitve Effects of Moringa Oleifera Pods, Probiotics and Vitamin E/selenium on Body Weight Gain of Abor- Acre Broiler Chickens

1*MUSA, I.W., 1BELLO, Y.M. and 2ANDAMIN, A.D.

1Department of Veterinary Medicine, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria
2Department of Animal Health and Production Technology, Federal College of Horticultural Technology, Dadin-kowa, Gombe State.

American Journal of Biotechnology and Bioinformatics

Phytonutrients are reliable solutions to public health concerns on antibiotic resistance and adverse effects of synthetic growth promoters. This study evaluated the effects of Moringa oleifera pods and probiotic on the growth performance of broiler chickens. A total of 100-day-old ABOR-ACRE broiler chicks with average weight of 38 grams were purchased from a hatchery in Ibadan and used for this study. The chicks were randomly divided into 4 groups (A, B, C and D). Group A was fed basal diet supplemented with air dried Moringa oleifera pods powder at inclusion rate of 50g/kg, group B fed basal diet supplemented with a commercial probiotic (Bactofort®) at 0.5g/kg, group C that was fed commercial feed and supplemented vit E/Selenium in drinking water while group D fed only commercial feed served as control. Chickens in all groups were served same quantities of feed and water ad-libitum. Birds were vaccinated against Newcastle disease (B1 and la Sota live vaccines-IZOVAC®) on days 7, 14 and 28. The birds were weighed weekly and feed intake evaluated. Data were analyzed using simple descriptive statistics and two-way ANOVA. Results showed significant difference (p<0.05) of weight gain of birds fed M. oleifera and probiotic. M. oleifera pods powder significantly improved live weight gain thus serving as alternative to commercial growth promoters in broilers.

Keywords: Moringa oleifera, Probiotics, Vitamin E, Growth performance, Broilers

Free Full-text PDF

How to cite this article:
MUSA, I.W., BELLO, Y.M. and ANDAMIN, A.D. Comparitve Effects of Moringa Oleifera Pods, Probiotics and Vitamin E/selenium on Body Weight Gain of Abor- Acre Broiler Chickens. American Journal of Biotechnology and Bioinformatics, 2017; 1:4. DOI: 10.28933/ajobb-2017-09-2804

1. Abou-Elezz, F.M.K., Sarmiento-Franco, L., Santos-Ricalde, R., Solorio-Sanschez, J.F., (2011). Nutritional effects of dietary inclusion of Leucaena leucocephala and Moringa oleifera leaf on Rhode Island Red hens, performance. Cuban J. Agric. Sci. 45, 163-169.
2. Barnes, E.M., Mead, G.C., Barnum, D.A., and Harry, E.G. (1972). Br. Poultry Sci, 13: 311-326.
3. Choct, M. A., J. Naylor and N. Reinke (2004): Br. Poult. Sci. 45: 677-683.
4. Clackson, J.R. (1957). Seasonal Movement of Boundary of Northern Air. Nigeria Meteorological Service Technical Note No. 5 Lagos, Pp 41-55.
5. Du P.L, Lin P.H, Yang R.Y and Hsu J.C (2007). Effect of dietary supplementation of moringa oleifera on growth performance, blood characteristics and immune response in broilers. Journal of Chinese Soceity of Animal Science, 36(3): 135-146.
6. Esonu, B.O., Opara, M.N., Okoli, I.C., Obikaonu, H.O., Udedibie, C., Iheshiulor, O.O.M., 2006. Physiological response of laying birds to Neem (Azadirachta indica) leaf meal-based diets; body weight, organ characteristics and hematology. Online J. Health. App. Sci 2, 4 18/2006-2-4.htm).
7. FAO (2010). Poultry meat and Eggs. Agribusiness handbook. Director of Investment Centre Division. FAO. Rome. Italy. P. 77.
8. Gadzirayi, C.T., Masamha, B., Mupangwa, J.F., Washaya, S., (2012). Performance of Broiler chickens fed on mature Moringa oleifera leaf meal protein supplement soyabean meal. Int. J. Poult. Sci. 11 (1), 5-10.
9. Ghazalah, A.A., and Ali, A.M. (2008). Rosemary leaves as dietary supplement for growth in broilers. International Journal of Poultry Science, 7(3): 234-239.
10. Glade, M. J. and Sist, M. O. (1998). Dietary yeast culture supplementation enhances urea recycle-ng in equine large intestine. Nutritional Reproduction International, 37: 11 – 17.
11. Guillot, J.F. (1998). Les probiotiques en alimentation animale. Cahiers Agricultures, 7, Pp. 49-54.
12. Iheukwumere, F.C., Ndubuisi, E.C., Mazi, E.A., Onyekwere, M.U. (2008). Performance, nutrient utilization and organ characteristics of broilers fed cassava leaf meal (Manihot esculenta Crantz). Pak. J. Nutr. 7, 13-16.
13. Kasolo, J.N.; Bimenya, G.S.; Ojok, L.; Ochieng, J.; Ogwal-Okeng, J.W. Phytochemicals and uses of Moringa oleifera leaves in Ugandan rural communities. J. Med. Plant Res. 2010, 4, 753–757.
14. Khempaka, S., Molee, W. and Guillaume, M. (2009). Dried cassava pulp as an alternative feedstuff for broilers: Effect on growth performance, carcass traits, digestive organs, and nutria-nt digestibility. Journal of Applied Poultry Research, 18: 487– 493.
15. Kyriakis, S.C., Tsiloyiannis, V.K., Vlemmas, J., Sarris, K., Tsinas, A.C., Alexopoulos, C. and Janseqers, L. (1999). The effect of probiotic LSP, 122 on the control of post weaning diarrh-oea syndrome of piglet. Research in Veterinary Science, 67: 223-228.
16. Lannaon, W.J., (2007). Herbal Plants as Source of Antibiotics for Broilers. Agriculture Magazine 11(2): 55.
17. Lee, N.K., Yun, C.W., S.W., Chang, H.I., Kang, C.W. and Paik, H.D. (2008). Screening of Lacto-bacilli derived from chicken faeces and partial characterization of Lactobacillus acidophilus A12 as an animal probiotics. Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology, 18: 338-342.
18. Martin, S.A., Nisbet, B.J. and Dean, R.G. (1989). Influence of a commercial yeast supplement on the in vitro ruminal fermentaion. Nutritional Reproduction International, 40: 395 – 403.
19. Mohammed,I.J (2013). Medicinal and dietery roles of M. stenopetala in South Ethopia. African Journal of Agrcultural Science and Technology, 1(1): 1-6.
20. Moyo, B., Masika, P.J., Hugo, A. and Muchenje, V. (2011). Nutritional characterization of Moringa (Moringa oleifera Lam.) leaves. African Journal of Biotechnology, 10 (60): 12925 – 12933.
21. Mukumbo, F.E., Maphosa, V., Hugo, A., Nkukwana T.T., Mabusela, T.P., and Muchenje, V. (2014 ) Effect of Moringa oleifera leaf meal on finisher pig growth performance, meat quality, shelf life and fatty acid composition of pork. South African Journal of Animal Science 44(4): 389-400.
22. Nuhu, F. (2010). In: Effect of moringa oleifera leaf (MOLM) on Nutrient Digestibility, Growth, Carcass and Blood Indices of Weaner Rabbits Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology Kumasi, Ghana (Ph.D. thesis).
23. Olugbemi, T.S., Mutayoba, S.K., Lekule, F.P., (2010). Effect of Moringa oleifera inclusion in cassava based diet fed to broiler chickens. Int. J. Poult. Sci. 9, 363-367.
24. Omar A.J., Hejazi, A. and Badran, R. (2016). Performance of broilers supplemented with natural herb extract. Open Journal of Animal Science, 6: 68-74.
25. Rajmane, B. V. and A. S. Ranade (1994): International Journal of Poultry Science, 29: 78-83
26. Selle, P.H., Cadogan, D.J., Lic, X. and Bryden, W.L. (2010). Implications of sorghum in broiler chicken nutrition. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 156: 57–74.
27. Van der Klis, D.J. (2015). Counteracting heat stress in poultry production. Poultry International, pp. 273-275.
28. Windisch, W., Schedle, K., Plitzner, C. and Kroismayr A. (2008). Journal of Animal Science, 86 (E. Supplement): E140–E148.
29. Yang, R.Y., Chang, L.C., Hsu, J.C., Weng, BBC., Palada, M.C., Chadha, M.L. and Levasseur, V. (2007). Nutritional and Functional Properties of Moringa oleifera Leaves- From Germplasm, to Plant, to Health. in: Moringa Leaves: Strategies, Standard and Market for a Planning, ABU, Zaria, Nigeria, Pp. 1-5.

Terms of Use/Privacy Policy/ Disclaimer/ Other Policies:
You agree that by using our site, you have read, understood, and agreed to be bound by all of our terms of use/privacy policy/ disclaimer/ other policies (click here for details).

This work and its PDF file(s) are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.