Community Policing Toward Social Problem Solving: A Study on Sylhet Metropolitan Police

Community Policing Toward Social Problem Solving: A Study on Sylhet Metropolitan Police

Md. Uzzal Miah and Shamima Tasnim

Department of Public Administration, Shahjalal University of Science and Technology, Sylhet 3114.

American Journal of Public administration

Community policing is one of the strategies in the police where the traditional model of policing was transformed to involve people in the service delivery. This study examined the model of problem-solving policing, its various problems and preventive measures. It also investigated whether social problem-solving policing criteria is existing in community policing. The social survey method was deployed to collect data and information through fieldwork. Data were collected from the service receivers as well as service providers (Community Police) of Jalalabad Thana and Kotwali Thana under the Sylhet Metropolitan Police (SMP). To know the in-depth information about community policing, several case studies also conducted. The study revealed that Community Policing is working smoothly and solving various social problems (such as social disputes, drug addiction, child marriage, eve-teasing, and domestic violence). They are operating their activities more efficiently in the rural area. However, some displeasure among the service receivers still exists. Many people are not satisfied with the activities of the working committee, coordination committee as well as corrupt practices of community police officers. Thus, initiatives should be taken to deliver objective service to the people and surpass the associated problems.

Keywords: Community Policing, SMP, Social Problems, SARA, CPF, Bangladesh.

Free Full-text PDF

How to cite this article:
Md. Uzzal Miah and Shamima Tasnim. Community Policing Toward Social Problem Solving: A Study on Sylhet Metropolitan Police. American Journal of Public administration, 2019,1:8.


1. Aminuzzaman, S. M. (1991). Introduction to Social Research. Bangladesh Publishers: Dhaka
2. B. Lapadat, J. C. (2010). Thematic Analysis: Encyclopedia of Case Study Research. pp. 926-928. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, Inc
3. Becker, H. S. (1970). Sociological Work: Method and Substances. Chicago, IL: Aldine.
4. Boyatzis, R.E. (1998). Transforming Qualitative Information: Thematic Analysis and Code Development. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage
5. Boostrom, R. (2002). The Community-Oriented Policing and Problem-Solving Paradigm- What Have We Learned? Criminal Justice Administration Program. San Diego State University.
6. Bragra, A. A., Weisburd, D.L., Waring, E.J., Mazerolle, L.G., Spelman, W., & Grajewski, F. (1999). Problem-Oriented Policing in Violent Crime Places: A Randomized Controlled Experiment. U.S Department of Justice.
7. Dietz, A. S. (1997). Evaluating Community Policing: Quality Police Service and Fear of Crime, Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management, Vol. 20, Issue 1, pp.83-100
8. Dobrin, A. (2006). Professional and Community Oriented Policing: The Mayberry Model. Florida Atlantic University.
9. Israel, G.D. (1992). Sampling the Evidence of Extension Program Impact. Program Evaluation and Organizational Development, IFAS. University of Florida, PEOD-5.
10. George, L. K., & William, J. B. (2012). Implementing Community Policing: The Administrative Problem: Perspective of policing. National Institute of Justice. U.S. Department of Justice and the Program in Criminal Justice Policy and Management, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University
11. Greene, J.R. (2000). Community Policing in America: Changing the Nature, Structure, and Function of the Police. Policies, Process, and Decisions of the Criminal Justice System, Vol. 3
12. Goldstein, H. (1979). Toward Community-Oriented Policing. Crime & Delinquency, pp.33- 630
13. Goldstein, a, H. (2003). On Further Developing Problem-Oriented Policing: The Most Critical Need: The Major Impediments and a Proposal. Crime Prevention Studies, Vol. 15, pp. 13-47
14. Hoque, S. A. K. M. (2014). Community Policing in Bangladesh: Traditional Policing vs Community Policing. Bangladesh Police
15. Islam, N., & Ali, M. A. (2008). A Study on Service Quality of the Bangladesh Police. Global Journal of Business Excellence 2008, Vol. 1, No-1, pp. 1-8.
16. Jenkins, S. (2013). Securing Communities: Summaries of Key Literature on Community Policing. ODI, London.
17. Lewis, C., Rosenberg, H., & Sigler, R. T. (1997). Acceptance of Community Policing among Police Officers and Police Administrators. City Attorney’s Office. Racine, Wisconsin, USA.
18. Meares, T. L. (2002). Paying for Community Policing. Faculty Scholarship Series Paper 518, Yale Law School.
19. Mehtab, F. H., & Rahman, S. H. (2014). Identifying the Problems of the Bangladesh Police & Rapid Action Battalion: Recommending Way Out. DIU Journal of Humanities and Social Science, Vol. 2.
20. Moore, M. H. (1992). Problem Solving and Community Policing. University of Chicago Press
21. Nachmias, C., & Nachmias, D. F. (1996). Research Methods in Social Science (5th ed.). New York. St. Martin’s Press
22. Oliver, W. M. (2000). The Third Generation of Community Policing: Moving Through Innovation, Diffusion, and Institutionalization. Police Quarterly-3, pp. 367-388.
23. Peter, S. (2008). Understanding Community Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management. Vol. 32, Issue 2, pp. 261-277.
24. Reisig, M. D., & Giacomazzi, A. L. (1998). Citizen Perceptions of Community Policing: Are Attitudes Toward Police Important? An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management, Vol. 21, Issue 3, pp. 547-561.
25. Rosenbaum, D. P., & Lurigio, A. J. (1994). An Inside Look at Community Policing Reform: Definitions, Organizational Changes and Evaluation. Crime & Delinquency, pp. 299-314.
26. Sherman, L.W., & Eck, J.E. (2002). Policing for Crime Prevention. New York, Routledge
27. Skogan, W.G., & Frydl. K. (2004). Fairness and Effectiveness in Policing: The Evidence. National Academic Press, Washington DC.
28. Thomson, Reuters. (2009). Black’s Law Dictionary (9th ed.). pp. 1448
29. The Asia Foundation. (2013). Community Policing Assessment: Progress and Opportunities in Bangladesh.
30. Trojanowicz, R.C., and Carter, D. (1988). The Philosophy and Role of Community Policing, The National Neighborhood Foot Patrol Center. School of Criminal Justice, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI
31. UNDP. (2012). Community Policing: National Strategy for Bangladesh. United Nations Development Program.
32. Weisburd, D.L. (2008). Effects of Problem-Oriented Policing on Crime and Disorder. U.S Department of Justice.
33. Yates, D. S., David S., Moore & Daren S. S. (2008). The Practice of Statistics (3rd ed.). Freeman. ISBN 978-0-7167-7309-2.
34. Yin, R. K. (1984). Case Study Research: Design and Methods. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage Publication
35. Yuksel, Y., & Tepe, F. (2013). Citizen Satisfaction with Police and Community Policing. European Scientific Journal, Vol. 9, No.14.

Terms of Use/Privacy Policy/ Disclaimer/ Other Policies:
You agree that by using our site, you have read, understood, and agreed to be bound by all of our terms of use/privacy policy/ disclaimer/ other policies (click here for details).

This work and its PDF file(s) are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.