The Nile Basin Cooperative Framework

The Nile Basin Cooperative Framework

Bogale Aligaiz Agalu

Agewmider Preparatory School, Injibara

The study focuses on the Nile Basin cooperative framework of the Ethiopia. Nile Basin countries are Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Egypt, North and newly independent South Sudan. The riparian countries of the region can be known into upstream and downstream countries. Upstream groups are Burundi, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda. The three downstream countries consist of Egypt, North Sudan and newly independent South Sudan. The downstream states especially Egypt used colonial agreements as instrument to utilize more water from Nile River. The use of colonial agreements and relatively weak positions of Ethiopia in the upstream was one of the obstacles to look optimistic at the possibilities for cooperation and smooth relationships of the Nile Basin countries. After collapse of colonialism, the positive interest of Ethiopia and the establishment of Nile Basin Initiative brought cooperative framework among the Nile Basin countries.

Keywords:  Cooperative Framework, Nile Basin Initiative, Riparian states

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Bogale Aligaiz Agalu. The Nile Basin Cooperative Framework. American Journal of Social and Educational Sciences, 2021, 2:6


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