American Journal of Agricultural Research


Traditional to Smart Irrigation Methods in India: Review

Review Article of American Journal of Agricultural Research Traditional to Smart Irrigation Methods in India: Review Sirisha Adamala Applied Engineering Department, Vignan’s Foundation for Science, Technology and Research University, Vadlamudi-522213 Guntur, Andhra Pradesh Irrigation is the controlled application of water for agricultural purposes through manmade systems to supply water requirements that are not satisfied by the rainfall. Crop irrigation is vital throughout the world in order to provide the world's ever-growing populations with enough food. Many different irrigation methods from traditional to smart ones are used over worldwide, including: surface, sub-surface, sprinkler, drip, and advanced or smart to satisfy the plants thrust. In this paper efforts have been made to present the basics of different irrigation systems adapted by the Indian farmers to grow their crops. Keywords: Irrigation methods, wireless sensor networks, sprinkler, drip, surface, India ...

Factors Affecting Sustainability Of Melon (Egusi) Production

Research Article of American Journal of Agricultural Research Factors Affecting Sustainability Of Melon (Egusi) Production In Rural Farming Households Of Southwest, Nigeria Oyediran, W. O.1, Omoare, A. M.2 and Ajagbe, B. O.3 1Department of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria. 2Department of Agricultural Science Education, Federal College of Education, Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria. 3Department of Primary Education Studies, Federal College of Education, Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria Melon crop plays important roles in the farming system and in the nutritional diet and economic well-being of West African rural dwellers. However, there has been continuous decline in the melon yield in last two decades. Also, cultivation of melon is not without challenges like every other arable crop in southwest Nigeria. Hence, this paper focused on factors affecting melon (egusi) production in rural farming households of southwest, Nigeria. Multi-stage sampling technique was used in selecting 108 respondents from twenty villages in three LGAs of Oyo State, Nigeria. Primary data were collected using interview guide and analyzed using descriptive statistics and multiple regression analysis. Results showed that 80.10% of melon farmers were males and 87.04% were married with a mean age of 41 years. Many (47.20%) of the melon farmers did not have formal education while 36.10% attended primary school. The mean year of farming experiences was 16 years. The farmers cultivated melon seeds obtained from their previous harvest (81.0%) and purchase seeds from the open markets (19.0%). Melon output declined from 376.53kg/ha in 2012 to 280.70kg/ha in 2014. Result of regression analysis showed that production input and socio-economic characteristics of the respondents (t = 0.19) have significant influence on melon output at p < 0.05. The study concludes that melon yield is declining in the study area. Hence, it is recommends that extension agents should teach the melon farmers ...

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American Journal of Agricultural Research

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