American Journal of Agricultural Research


Pearl millet landraces: variability, yield components, grain and panicle quality

Research Article of American Journal of Agricultural Research Pearl millet [Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R. Br] landraces from south Algeria: variability, yield components, grain and panicle quality Rahal-Bouziane1 H., Semiani2 Y. 1, 2: National Agronomic Research Institute of Algeria, INRAA of Baraki The millet is one of the most important cereals for food and feed in the world. Through this study, the behavior of 15 autochthonous cultivars of pearl millet in presence of one Nigerian control was done in Mitidja’s conditions (sub-humid region in Algeria) to assess the variability using pheno-agro-morphological traits, grain and panicle quality. Analysis of variance showed the existence of a large variability between landraces, revealed by very highly significant differences among the following characters: plant height, panicle length, panicle thickness, 1000 grain weight and crude fiber content of panicles. Differences were significant for stem diameter and panicle weight and high significant for dry matter content of panicles. Principal component analysis showed that four components explained 81.03 % of variation. The greatest variability was explained by the following traits: panicle weight, panicle length, panicle thickness, 1000 grain weight and crude fiber content of panicles. Significant correlations existed between many traits studied which are promising for breeding works. Keywords: Autochthonous cultivars; Nutritional quality; Performance; variability ...

Influence of Poultry Feed Dynamism on Eggs Production

Research Article of American Journal of Agricultural Research Influence of Poultry Feed Dynamism on Eggs Production in Odogbolu Local Government Area of Ogun State, Nigeria Onabajo A. O.1, Adamu C. O.1, Oyediran W. O.1, Onabajo, B. O.2, Adeyanju Y .T.1 Department of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria Department of Agricultural Science, Tai Solarin University of Education, Ijagun Ijebu-Ode, Ogun State, Nigeria This study was carried out to assess the influence of poultry feed dynamism on eggs production in Odogbolu Local Government Area of Ogun State, Nigeria. Data were collected with the aid of interview guide. A multi stage sampling technique was used to select ninety respondents. The result revealed that 78.90% of the respondents were male, 91.10% of them were married with mean age of 37 years. The results also showed that 95.6% of the respondents did not have access to extension agents to obtain information. The finding also shows that all (100%) the respondents practiced feed dynamism because of poor feed scarcity. The result of the correlation revealed that poultry feeding practices had significant but inverse relationship on eggs production (r= -0.25 p<0.05). Chi-square result also showed that the high cost of feed (ϰ2=8.72, 0.03), limited availability of feed (ϰ2=15.8, 0.00), and age of birds (ϰ2=11.62, 0.02) were positively significant to egg production. The study concluded that feeding practices had significant influence on eggs production. The study therefore recommend that Government should promote poultry farmers’ education through adequate finding of extension service in the study area. Keywords: influence, poultry, feed dynamism, eggs, production ...

A Panacea For Food Security And Sustainable Rural Development

Review Article of American Journal of Agricultural Research Mechanizing Postharvest Processing Operations: A Panacea For Food Security And Sustainable Rural Development *ONU, O. O., A. C. ONYENWOKE, K. J. SIMONYAN Department of Agricultural and Bioresources Engineering, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, P.M.B 7267, Umuahia Abia State, Nigeria. Food security and sustainable rural development are indispensible ingredients in attaining the Millennium Development goal (MDG) of eradicating extreme poverty and hunger. The reduced time for food preparation and the increasing demand for processed food heighten the need for developing healthy, affordable food products, and appropriate processing systems to provide food to the rapidly growing population in developing countries. Mechanizing postharvest activities has not attracted much attention from international research organizations, while research on the improvement of agricultural production has received considerable attention and funding. However, there is an emerging consensus on the critical role that postharvest systems can play in meeting the overall goals of food security, poverty alleviation and sustainable agriculture particularly in developing countries. This study focuses on the trends in mechanizing various postharvest processing operations, and its impact in attaining food security and sustainable rural development. It also highlights the set-backs to mechanization of postharvest systems. Keywords: Mechanizing, Postharvest, Food Security, Rural Development, Processing Systems ...

Traditional to Smart Irrigation Methods in India: Review

Review Article of American Journal of Agricultural Research Traditional to Smart Irrigation Methods in India: Review Sirisha Adamala Applied Engineering Department, Vignan’s Foundation for Science, Technology and Research University, Vadlamudi-522213 Guntur, Andhra Pradesh Irrigation is the controlled application of water for agricultural purposes through manmade systems to supply water requirements that are not satisfied by the rainfall. Crop irrigation is vital throughout the world in order to provide the world's ever-growing populations with enough food. Many different irrigation methods from traditional to smart ones are used over worldwide, including: surface, sub-surface, sprinkler, drip, and advanced or smart to satisfy the plants thrust. In this paper efforts have been made to present the basics of different irrigation systems adapted by the Indian farmers to grow their crops. Keywords: Irrigation methods, wireless sensor networks, sprinkler, drip, surface, India ...

Factors Affecting Sustainability Of Melon (Egusi) Production

Research Article of American Journal of Agricultural Research Factors Affecting Sustainability Of Melon (Egusi) Production In Rural Farming Households Of Southwest, Nigeria Oyediran, W. O.1, Omoare, A. M.2 and Ajagbe, B. O.3 1Department of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria. 2Department of Agricultural Science Education, Federal College of Education, Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria. 3Department of Primary Education Studies, Federal College of Education, Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria Melon crop plays important roles in the farming system and in the nutritional diet and economic well-being of West African rural dwellers. However, there has been continuous decline in the melon yield in last two decades. Also, cultivation of melon is not without challenges like every other arable crop in southwest Nigeria. Hence, this paper focused on factors affecting melon (egusi) production in rural farming households of southwest, Nigeria. Multi-stage sampling technique was used in selecting 108 respondents from twenty villages in three LGAs of Oyo State, Nigeria. Primary data were collected using interview guide and analyzed using descriptive statistics and multiple regression analysis. Results showed that 80.10% of melon farmers were males and 87.04% were married with a mean age of 41 years. Many (47.20%) of the melon farmers did not have formal education while 36.10% attended primary school. The mean year of farming experiences was 16 years. The farmers cultivated melon seeds obtained from their previous harvest (81.0%) and purchase seeds from the open markets (19.0%). Melon output declined from 376.53kg/ha in 2012 to 280.70kg/ha in 2014. Result of regression analysis showed that production input and socio-economic characteristics of the respondents (t = 0.19) have significant influence on melon output at p < 0.05. The study concludes that melon yield is declining in the study area. Hence, it is recommends that extension agents should teach the melon farmers ...

Dr. Ajai Kumar Srivastav
Emeritus Professor, Department of Zoology, D.D.U. Gorakhpur University

Dr. Osman Tiryaki
Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University, Faculty of Agriculture, Plant Protection Department, Terzioglu Campus, 17020, ÇANAKKALE, TURKEY

Prof.Dr. Süleyman Taban
Professor, Department of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, Ankara University, Ankara-TURKEY

Dr. Nikolay Dimitrov Panayotov
Professor & Head, Department of Horticulture, Agricultural University

Dr.  Samuel Ohikhena Agele 
Lecture/Researcher, Department of Crop, Soil & Pest Management, Federal University of Technology

Dr. Ghousia Begum
Principal Scientist, Toxicology Unit, Biology Division, CSIR-Indian Institute of Chemical Technology

Dr. Sirisha Adamala
Assistant Professor, Department of Applied Engineering, Vignan's University

Dr. Mala Trivedi
Professor, Amity Institute of Biotechnology, AUUP, Lucknow-226028

Dr Ambreesh Singh Yadav
Scientific Officer, U.P. Council of Agricultural Research, Lucknow, U.P., India

Dr. Abd El-Aleem Saad Soliman Desoky
Professor, Plant Protection Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Sohag University

Dr. Chang-Hong Liu
Professor, School of life sciences, Nanjing University, P.R. China

Dr. İrfan Özberk
Professor & Head, Dept. of Field Crops, Fac. of Agri, The Univ. of Harran, Sanliurfa, Turkey

Dr. Papadakis Ioannis
Assistant Professor, Laboratory of Pomology, Agricultural University of Athens

Dr. KAPTAIN KISHOR BAJPAYEE
Associate Professor & Head, Center for Research in Ethno & Medico Botany Dr. R.M.L. PG. College ( C.S.J.M. UNIVERSITY)

Dr. Ayman EL Sabagh
Assistant professor, agronomy department, faculty of agriculture, kafresheikh university, Egypt; Visiting scientist at Field Crops Department ,Faculty of Agriculture , Cukurova University, Turkey

Dr. Alaa Jabbar Abd Al-Manhel
Assistant Professor, Agriculture college /Basra University

Dr. Bibhuti Bhusan Sahoo
Scientist, Regional Research & Technology Transfer Station, (OUAT), Semiliguda

Dr. Sedat Karadavut
Assistant Professor, Agricultural Structers and İrrigation (Biosystems Engineering), Trakya University/TURKEY

Dr. Abhishek Naik
Area Manager, Technology development department

Dr. Ionel BONDOC
Associate Professor, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Iasi, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Iasi (ROMANIA), Department of Public Health

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1. Avinaba Mukherjee, Sourav Sikdar, Anisur Rahman Khuda-Bukhsh. Evaluation of ameliorative potential of isolated flavonol fractions from Thuja occidentalis in lung cancer cells and in Benzo(a) pyrene induced lung toxicity in mice. International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine, 2016; 1(1): 0001-0013. 
2. Vikas Gupta, Parveen Bansal, Junaid Niazi, Kamlesh Kohli, Pankaj Ghaiye. Anti-anxiety Activity of Citrus paradisi var. duncan Extracts in Swiss Albino Mice-A Preclinical Study. Journal of Herbal Medicine Research, 2016; 1(1): 0001-0006.

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American Journal of Agricultural Research

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