American Journal of Agricultural Research

Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment through Coping Strategies Index in Tillaberi region in Niger

Research Article of American Journal of Agricultural Research Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment through Coping Strategies Index in Tillaberi region in Niger Abdoulkadri BOUBE CHAYAYA, Ibrahim ADAMOU AMOUKOU, Ali MAHAMADOU Faculty of Agronomy, Abdou Moumouni University of Niamey (Niger) Climate change vulnerability of four villages in the Tillaberi Region of Niger was analyzed through a coping strategy index (CSI) determination. It concerned the villages of Dioga and Magou, in the commune of Torodi and those of Zori Bangou and Tokobinkani Zarma in that of Hamdallaye. Two types of indices were measured, one in relation to food security, and the other with assets and livelihoods. They reflected different values between the villages of the two municipalities and the two municipalities from 2015 to 2106. The value of the CSI in relation to the food security of the two municipalities in 2016, represents half of the score 2015, reflecting a decline in food vulnerability for this period. The CSI for assets and livelihoods for 2016 is 6.93, higher than 2015 one (6.32), indicating a greater diversification of livelihoods. In addition, the coping strategy index for the food aspects is higher in the villages of Hamdallaye with 55.5 and 41.9 respectively in 2015 and 2016, than in those of Torodi respectively 46.91 and 22.6, for 2015 and 2016, reflecting a higher vulnerability in Hamdallaye. For the CSI in relation to the assets and livelihoods, there is no significant difference between the two villages of Torodi and one of the two villages of Hamdallaye (Zori Bangou). Torodi, located further South with higher rainfall and greater livelihood diversification, has lower vulnerability criteria in relation to the food aspects than Hamdallaye in the north. Thus, there is an increase in vulnerability from south to north inversely proportional to the increasing rainfall gradient. Keywords: Climate Change, Climate Vulnerability, ...

Evaluation of the quality of beeswax from different sources and rendering methods

Research Article of American Journal of Agricultural Research Evaluation of the quality of beeswax from different sources and rendering methods Meseret Holeta Bee Research Center Most of the wax produced now-a-days are used in the manufacture of cosmetics, such as hand and face creams, lipsticks and depilatory wax and many uses. To become competent both in local and export markets the quality of the beeswax has to be maintained. However pre- and post-harvest handling and processing of crude beeswax may affect its quality and quantity. Hence, the objective of the present study was to evaluate the quality and quantity of beeswax obtained from different sources and compares the effectiveness of different beeswax extraction methods for rendering pure and quality beeswax. Three bees wax sources (comb, sefef and crude honey) and three extraction methods (manual, submerged and solar) were arranged in complete factorial in Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with three replications. Ten kg each of comb, sefef and crude honey were used for extraction and the average amount of pure beeswax obtained was compared. The analysis of variance indicated that there were significant difference among beeswax sources, extraction methods and interaction between beeswax sources and extraction methods on the yield of beeswax and slum gum ((P<0.05). Comparison of beeswax sources revealed that significantly higher beeswax yield of 6.76 kg source was recorded from crude honey than from comb and sefer with beeswax yield of 2.68 and 2.59 kg, respectively. Among the beeswax extraction methods, submerged method was found significantly superior to manual and solar extraction methods when comb and sefef sources were used, where as when crude honey was used as a beeswax source, manual and submerged methods were found on par in rendering beeswax. On the other hand, the highest slum gum was recorded from comb and sefef sources ...

Profitability of Vegetable Cultivation by the Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Farmers

Research Article of American Journal of Agricultural Research Profitability of Vegetable Cultivation by the Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Farmers T. M. RAKIB1, M. H. Kabir1, M. R. ISLAM1 & M. S. Islam2* 1Dept. of Agricultural Extension and Information System, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Dhaka 1207, Bangladesh; 2Department of Agricultural Extension and Information System, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Dhaka 1207, Bangladesh The major objectives of this study were to describe the selected characteristics of the farmers cultivate vegetable with IPM farmers; to determine the level of profitability of vegetable cultivation with Integrated Pest Management (IPM) farmers and to identify the factor that significantly influences profitability of vegetable cultivation. The study was conducted with randomly selected 115 farmers in Tetuljhora union under savar upazila of Dhaka district. A pre-tested interview schedule was used to collect data from the respondents during 25th August to 25th September, 2018. Profitability of vegetable cultivation by the IPM farmers was the dependent variable and it was measured based on benefit cost ratio. Eeleventh selected characteristics of the respondents considered as independent variables of the study. The interview survey revealed that majority (74.8 percent) of the respondents had medium level of profitability while 14.8 percent and 10.4 percent of them had high and low profitability respectively. Out of selected eleven characteristics, five namely number of vegetable grown, training in vegetable cultivation, organizational participation, annual family income and education had significant positive contribution to their profitability of vegetable cultivation by the IPM farmers. Therefore, to motivate the vegetable farmers for using IPM practices, the policy makers should consider the above mention significant factors. Keywords: Profitability, vegetable cultivation, integrated pest management ...

Yield Response of Oyster Mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus) on Substrate Composed from Wheat Straw and Cotton Seed Waste

Research Article of American Journal of Agricultural Research Yield Response of Oyster Mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus) on Substrate Composed from Wheat Straw and Cotton Seed Waste Abera Getachew1, Asefa Keneni2, Mosisa Chewaka3 1.Wollega University, Faculty Agriculture department of Department of Horticulture;.Ambo University, College of Natural and Computational science, Department of Biology , Ambo ,Ethiopia P.O. Box- 19; 3.Ambo University, College of Agriculture and Veterinary Science ,Department of Horticulture, Ambo ,Ethiopia P.O. Box- 19 Mushroom production has been gaining uppermost interests from scientific point of view due their nutritional values and medicinal importance’s. In this report, the effect of substrates’ composed from different mix ratio of wheat straws and cotton seed waste on growth, yield and yield related parameters of oyster (Pleurotus ostreatus) mushroom were presented. The experiment was lied out in different mix ratio of wheat straws and cotton seed waste for ten treatments with two replications in randomized complete design. The quantitative data including days taken for full colonization, days from colonization to primordial formation and days after primordial emergences to first harvest were recorded. The measurements of growth and yield parameters viz. cap-diameters, stipe length, number of fruits, aborts, bunches, biological efficiencies and total biomass were also recorded. The shortest days of primordial emergences 2.88days (T10) after mycelium fully colonize the substrates, days of first harvesting after primordial emergences 3days (T7), longest cap-diameters 11.35cm (T3), stipe length 4.39cm (T9), maximum number of bunches 5(T3,T5 and T8), maximum fresh weight 593.5g (T3) in 1st flush, were produced under different mix ratio of wheat straws supplemented with cotton seed wastes. Treatments T2 and T6 of wheat straw and cotton seed waste substrate where gave higher total biomass and biological efficacy 1382g and 183.65% respectively so that it could be recommended for pilot scale and large scale production of oyster mushroom. Keywords:Biological ...

Business Plan for the establishment of Animal Feed storage and retailer warehouse with future expansion to processing factory in Assosa Town Benishangul Gumuz Regional State Ethiopia

Research Article of American Journal of Agricultural Research Business Plan for the establishment of Animal Feed storage and retailer warehouse with future expansion to processing factory in Assosa Town Benishangul Gumuz Regional State Ethiopia Cheneke Atomsa Merga (DVM) General Manager and Entrepreneur Background: - The major constraint of animal productivity in Benishangul Gumuz Region State Ethiopia is absence of concentrate feed, breed and presence of epidemic diseases. Trypanosomiasis is the major epidemic disease affecting animals in the region as identified by different literatures. To solve this problem, veterinary clinics established by government almost in each kebeles of the woreda. There are two additional private veterinary clinics. To improve breed of animals cross breeds of Holstein Friesian is increased by artificial insemination service together with required extension service for small scale farmers. However, there was no animal feed distributor until this business organization is established in 2018 E.C by our organization Objective: - the major objective of this proposal is to get land for constriction of warehouse that enable to reduce cost of rent; store safely and to start mixing according to proportion. Opportunities: - There is no animal processing company in Assosa area. Owner has required qualification and experience. There are different enterprises and cooperative organizations engaged in livestock getting financial support from government and NGOs. The feed byproduct from oil and food factory can be used and there is plenty of ingredients like maize and oil seeds for future processing. Significance: -Precence animal feed distributor engages continues supply of concentrate feed that able to improve animal productivity and health so that improve economy of farmers, enterprises and region. In addition to this, farmers get knowledge and skill animal feed preparation. Source of feed: - the manager of this organization is signed as dealer of Alema Kaudjis Feed PLC located ...

Dr. Ajai Kumar Srivastav
Emeritus Professor, Department of Zoology, D.D.U. Gorakhpur University

Dr. Osman Tiryaki
Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University, Faculty of Agriculture, Plant Protection Department, Terzioglu Campus, 17020, ÇANAKKALE, TURKEY

Prof.Dr. Süleyman Taban
Professor, Department of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, Ankara University, Ankara-TURKEY

Dr. Nikolay Dimitrov Panayotov
Professor & Head, Department of Horticulture, Agricultural University

Dr.  Samuel Ohikhena Agele 
Lecture/Researcher, Department of Crop, Soil & Pest Management, Federal University of Technology

Dr. Ghousia Begum
Principal Scientist, Toxicology Unit, Biology Division, CSIR-Indian Institute of Chemical Technology

Dr. Sirisha Adamala
Assistant Professor, Department of Applied Engineering, Vignan's University

Dr. Mala Trivedi
Professor, Amity Institute of Biotechnology, AUUP, Lucknow-226028

Dr Ambreesh Singh Yadav
Scientific Officer, U.P. Council of Agricultural Research, Lucknow, U.P., India

Dr. Abd El-Aleem Saad Soliman Desoky
Professor, Plant Protection Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Sohag University

Dr. Chang-Hong Liu
Professor, School of life sciences, Nanjing University, P.R. China

Dr. İrfan Özberk
Professor & Head, Dept. of Field Crops, Fac. of Agri, The Univ. of Harran, Sanliurfa, Turkey

Dr. Papadakis Ioannis
Assistant Professor, Laboratory of Pomology, Agricultural University of Athens

Associate Professor & Head, Center for Research in Ethno & Medico Botany Dr. R.M.L. PG. College ( C.S.J.M. UNIVERSITY)

Dr. Ayman EL Sabagh
Assistant professor, agronomy department, faculty of agriculture, kafresheikh university, Egypt; Visiting scientist at Field Crops Department ,Faculty of Agriculture , Cukurova University, Turkey

Dr. Alaa Jabbar Abd Al-Manhel
Assistant Professor, Agriculture college /Basra University

Dr. Bibhuti Bhusan Sahoo
Scientist, Regional Research & Technology Transfer Station, (OUAT), Semiliguda

Dr. Sedat Karadavut
Assistant Professor, Agricultural Structers and İrrigation (Biosystems Engineering), Trakya University/TURKEY

Dr. Abhishek Naik
Area Manager, Technology development department

Dr. Ionel BONDOC
Associate Professor, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Iasi, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Iasi (ROMANIA), Department of Public Health

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1. Avinaba Mukherjee, Sourav Sikdar, Anisur Rahman Khuda-Bukhsh. Evaluation of ameliorative potential of isolated flavonol fractions from Thuja occidentalis in lung cancer cells and in Benzo(a) pyrene induced lung toxicity in mice. International Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine, 2016; 1(1): 0001-0013. 
2. Vikas Gupta, Parveen Bansal, Junaid Niazi, Kamlesh Kohli, Pankaj Ghaiye. Anti-anxiety Activity of Citrus paradisi var. duncan Extracts in Swiss Albino Mice-A Preclinical Study. Journal of Herbal Medicine Research, 2016; 1(1): 0001-0006.

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American Journal of Agricultural Research