American Journal of Anatomy and Physiology

Creation of a Validation Protocol of Anatomical Handmade Models for Human Anatomy in Higher Education

Review Article of American Journal of Anatomy and Physiology Creation of a Validation Protocol of Anatomical Handmade Models for Human Anatomy in Higher Education Barros D.G.L¹, Carvalho M.E.T2, Costa M.A.S3, Marques A.K.C.S4; Silva T.M5, Carvalho R.P6 1Graduação em biomedicina, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco – UFPE; 2,4Mestranda, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Biológicas; 3Graduando em Biomedicina, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco – UFPE; 5Graduado, Universidade Pernambuco – UPE; 6Mestre, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Neuropsiquiatria e Ciências do Comportamento Introduction: The creation of low cost anatomical pieces has been disseminated in Brazilian Universities in order to minimize the educational shortcomings of the lack of accessible didactic material. Objetive: This work aims at the creation of a validation protocol for anatomical handmade models, evaluating efficacy in teaching-learning and standardizing the anatomical models produced in the disciplines of Human Anatomy. Methodology: Initially a search of articles on models already created was done, and the methodologies of creation and practical evaluation of each model were indicated and formulated a general protocol. Results and Discussion: The protocol was divided into: 1) Initial considerations and 2) pre-test, aiming to classify the classes and identify systematic errors; 3) Testing and 4) Statistical analysis, practical test and statistical validation of the model’s efficiency for learning. Initial considerations and pre-test provide an overview of class performance. The test is a theoretical-practical exercise applied after the theoretical classes and presentation of the model. Conclusion: The protocol must be used in new models to test its efficiency for suitability in each discipline, maintaining a common trunk and logical sequence of data acquisition and validation of the handmade anatomical piece as additional tools for teaching. Keywords: Anatomy; Teaching; Studies of validation ...

Associated to the Proteinic Malnutrition on the Physical Mass and the Parameters Mices Cardiovasculares

Research Article of American Journal of Anatomy and Physiology Associated to the Proteinic Malnutrition on the Physical Mass and the Parameters Mice's Cardiovasculares Rocha Júnior, R.L1; Souza, V.O.N2; Andrade, L.D.S3; Dornelas, P.E4; Leandro, C.V.G5; Silva, J.H.C6 1Estudante do Curso de Enfermagem UFPE-CAV, 2Doutoranda em Nutrição pelo Programa de Pós-Graduação em Nutrição, CCS-UFPE, Recife-PE, 3Mestranda em Nutrição pelo Programa de Pós-Graduação em Nutrição, CCS-UFPE, Recife-PE, 4Estudante do Curso de Saúde Coletiva UFPE-CAV, 5Docente/Pesquisador do Departamento de Educação Física UFPE-CAV, 6Docente/Pesquisador do Departamento de Nutrição UFPE-CAV. Introduction: The proteinic malnutrition perinatal is able to promote alterations cardiovasculares and in the corporal mass of the progeny. Experimental models of motherly voluntary physical activity (AFV) in cicloergômetro before and during the gestation it seems to reduce the effects of the malnutrition. Objetive: The objective of the work valued the effects of the proteinic malnutrition and AFV during the period perinatal on the corporal mass and the parameters cardiovasculares of the progeny. Methodology: Confirmed Wistar was used (n=8) originating from mothers who before the gestation were arranged individually in cages of AFV by a period adaptativo of 30 days. After this period the rats were classified in two groups in accordance with the daily level of physical activity: Inactive or Active. Next, same they were subjected to the mating and from the first day of pregnancy they received diet normoproteica (NP, 17 % of protein) or hipoproteica (HP, 8 % of protein). In the 30th day of life of the progenies the proceeding is carried out for implant of the catheters in the artery femoral, for subsequent register of the middle blood pressure (PAM), pressure sistólica (PS), pressure diastólica (PD) and cardiac frequency (FC). The results were expressed on average ± EPM. Test ANOVA one-way was used and p < 0.05 All the proceedings were approved ...

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American Journal of Anatomy and Physiology