American Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences


FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH CEREBROVASCULAR ACCIDENT PATIENTS

Research Article of American Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH CEREBROVASCULAR ACCIDENT PATIENTS, AYDER COMPREHENSIVE SPECIALIZED HOSPITAL, MEKELLE, TIGRAY, ETHIOPIA Teshome Abegaz, Arega Gashaw School of Public health, Mekelle University Background: Cerebrovascular accident (CVA) is a problem that refers to a group of conditions that affect the circulation of blood to the brain. The objective of this study was to identify factors related to cerebrovascular accident patients in the Ayder Comprehensive Specialized Hospital. Method: A retrospective cohort study design was conducted in the Ayder Comprehensive Hospital from January 2015 to August 2016 and followed for a total of 20 days during the admission period. Data was collected from a database of electronic medical records and medical charts using a structured data extraction tool. Kaplan-Meier, log rank test and Cox-proportional hazard regression were used. STATA V.13 program was used for data entry, cleaning and analysis. Result: From 292 CVA case patients, 42(14.4%) died and (80.95%) were died with in the 7 days of hospital stay and their median survival time was also 7 days. Factors associated with CVA mortality were: positive history of hypertension (HR=4.8, 95%, CI= 1.486 - 16.018), positive history of diabetes mellitus (HR=2.0, 95%, CI= 1.086 - 3.789), Stroke sub type as haemorrhagic (HR= 2.1, 95%, CI= 1.070 - 4.160), admitted in intensive care unit (HR= 2.48, 95%, CI= 1.166 -5.306) and increased age (HR= 5.1, 95%, CI= 1.725 - 15.487) Conclusion: The risk rate of patients at an earlier time was high, and there was more death in the intensive care unit than any other medical wards. Hypertension was the most common risk factor for both types of cardiovascular accidents. Ischemic stroke subtype, diabetes mellitus and rising age were also associated survival factors. Keywords:  Stroke, Cerebrovascular accident, intensive care unit, associated factors ...

STATUS AND CHALLENGES OF AVAILABLE FEED RESOURCES AND IT’S QUALITY UNDER THE CHANGING CLIMATE

Research Article of American Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences STATUS AND CHALLENGES OF AVAILABLE FEED RESOURCES AND IT'S QUALITY UNDER THE CHANGING CLIMATE IN ADAMI TULU DISTRICTS OF EAST SHOA ZONE, ETHIOPIA LELISA DIRIBA1* AND MENGISTU URGE2 1Oromia Agricultural Research Institute, Adami Tulu Agricultural Research Center, Batu, Ethiopia. 2Department of Animal and Range Science, Haramaya University, Haramaya, Ethiopia. The study was conducted in Adami Tulu Jido Kombolcha (ATJK) district of the East Shoa Zone Oromai Region, Eethiopia, with the objectives to assess the existing status of feed resource under climate change and examine chemical composition. Feed sample from grazing lands (protected communal (PC), protected private (PP) and unprotected communal (UnPC) and crop residues were used for chemical composition analysis (23 from the natural pasture (NP) and 48 from crop residues (CRs). Out of 23 herbaceous species identified in ATJK district, Cynodon dactilon in ATJK district was the dominant grass species. The average mean DMY (ton ha-1) of grass obtained from PPGL (2.43) and PCGL (2.36) was significantly (P<0.01) higher than that from UnPCGL(1.18) in ATJK . The mean value of CP contents of CRs in ATJK district were 3.5±0.17 for maize stover (MS) to 6.5±0.93 for Haricot bean (HCB) straw. The NDF contents of CRs were between 63.5±1.83 for HCB to 79.74±1.24 for maize stover (MS). The ADF contents of CRs varied from WS (49.12±2.82) to HC (52.63±1.16) in ATJK district. Generally, the nutritive values of the evaluated feed resources were lower than the minimum and should supplement with protein and energy source. The analysis of meteorological data of 30 years of ATJK district indicated that; as temperature increase, the annual rainfall decrease and increases the rate of crop water use. This situation of climate change affects directly or indirectly the nutritive values and yields of the crop, natural ...

Sunscreen and Coral Reef

Review Article of American Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences Sunscreen and Coral Reef AK Mohiuddin Department of Pharmacy, World University of Bangladesh Coral reefs also provide major essential benefits to people, like food production, tourism, biotechnology development, and coastal protection. While covering less than 1% of the ocean surface, coral reefs provide habitat for nearly one third of marine fish species as well as 10% of all fish captured for human consumption. In some situations, primarily related to the number of swimmers and the geography of the shoreline, concentrations of oxybenzone far exceed the levels shown to be harmful to corals [1]. Coral reefs consist of organisms in delicate equilibria that are susceptible to small changes in their surroundings. Recent natural and man-made disruptions, direct or indirect, such as changes in ocean temperature and chemistry, ingress of invasive species, pathogens, pollution and deleterious fishing practices, have been blamed for the poor health, or even the outright destruction, of some coral reefs [2]. Florida has the world’s third largest barrier reef, with nearly 1,400 species of plants and animals and 500 species of fish, but the reef is vanishing fast. Research has found that roughly half of the reef has disappeared over the past 250 years. Coverage of acropora, the primary genus of reef-building corals, has plummeted 97% [3]. In 2015, the nonprofit Haereticus Environmental Laboratory surveyed Trunk Bay beach on St. John, where visitors ranged from 2,000 to 5,000 swimmers daily, and estimated over 6,000 pounds of sunscreen was deposited on the reef annually. The same year, it found an average of 412 pounds of sunscreen was deposited daily on the reef at Hanauma Bay, a popular snorkeling destination in Oahu (Hawaii) that draws an average of 2,600 swimmers each day. Over the past three years, one - fifth ...

Elderly architectural design based on humanized concept—Take the design of a nursing home in Yichang, hubei province as an example

Research Article of American Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences Elderly architectural design based on humanized concept—Take the design of a nursing home in Yichang, hubei province as an example Ye Wu1*, Xiao Shao2, Guozhu Chen3 1College of Civil Engineering & Architecture, China Three Gorges University, Yichang, 443002, China. 2College of Medicine, China Three Gorges University, Yichang, 443002, China. 3College of Hydraulic & Environmental Engineering, China Three Gorges University, Yichang, 443002, China. This nursing home architectural design is based on a human perspective.The article elaborates on the corresponding design of the building to meet the psychological needs and living habits of the elderly.This is to help to explore how to design a qualified nursing home that meets the physical and mental needs of the elderly in today’s social situation. Keywords:  Humanization; Activity space design; Old-age building ...

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American Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences

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